Outremont, Quebec

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Outremont
Borough of Montreal
Rue Bernard in Outremont.
Rue Bernard in Outremont.
Location of Outremont on the Island of Montreal.  (Grey areas indicate City of Montreal).
Location of Outremont on the Island of Montreal.
(Grey areas indicate City of Montreal).
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Montreal (06)
Created January 1, 2002
Electoral Districts
Federal

Outremont
Provincial Outremont
Government[1][2][3]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Marie Cinq-Mars
 • Federal MP(s) Thomas Mulcair (NDP)
 • Quebec MNA(s) Hélène David (PLQ)
Area[4]
 • Land 3.86 km2 (1.49 sq mi)
Population (2011)[4][5]
 • Total 24,846
 • Density 6,105.2/km2 (15,812/sq mi)
 • Change (2006-11) Increase2.9%
 • Dwellings (2006) 10,358
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 514/438
Website outremont.ville.montreal.qc.ca

Outremont is a wealthy residential borough (arrondissement) of the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It consists entirely of the former city on the Island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec. The neighbourhood is inhabited largely by Francophones, and is home to a Hasidic Jewish community.

Geography[edit]

A separate city until the 2000 municipal mergers, Outremont is located north of downtown, on the north-western side of Mount Royal – its name means "beyond the mountain" although it encompasses Murray Hill (colline d'Outremont), one of the three peaks that make up Mount Royal. It was named for the house – Outre-Mont – built circa 1830 for Louis-Tancrède Bouthillier, a former Sheriff of Montreal.

The borough is bounded to the northwest by Mount Royal, to the northeast by Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension and Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie, to the east by Le Plateau-Mont-Royal and the Mile End district, to the south by Ville-Marie, and to the west by Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce. The Mount Royal Cemetery is located in the south eastern tip of the borough.

It has a population of 24,846 and its area of 3.86 km2 (1.49 sq mi) makes it the smallest of Montreal's boroughs.

History[edit]

Louis-Tancrède Bouthillier's house, Outre-Mont, built c. 1830, from which the city took its name

The area was originally known as Côte Sainte-Catherine. It came to be named Outremont after the country residence built by Louis-Tancrède Bouthillier in 1833 that he named Outre-Mont. In 1875 the new Village of Outremont was named after the house, which still exists today on Rue McDougall.

In 1927, Outremont became the first place in the world to use a snow blower to clear its streets in the winter. It was the first production model of Canadian inventor Arthur Sicard's Sicard Industries.[6]

Features[edit]

Outremont is served by the Outremont and Édouard-Montpetit stations on the blue line of the Montreal Metro. (Édouard-Montpetit station is actually located in Côte-des-Neiges, but right on the Outremont border.)

Major thoroughfares include Avenue Van Horne and chemin de la Côte-Sainte-Catherine, with avenue Bernard and avenue Laurier as the principal shopping and dining areas. The area has a number of trendy restaurants, cafés and shops. Residents include a substantial percentage of expatriates from France. There is also a sizable Hassidic Jewish community, representing about 20% of Outremont's population, which resides mainly in the eastern and northern portions of the borough.[7] Many Jewish synagogues, schools and businesses can be found on avenues Van Horne, Bernard and St-Viateur.

Among the attractions in the mainly residential community are the Mount Royal Cemetery, the Salle Claude-Champagne, the Théâtre Outremont, the Saint-Grégoire-l'Illuminateur Armenian Cathedral and part of the Université de Montréal campus.

Outremont also has a rail yard along its northern border. The rail yard has been purchased by the Université de Montréal and is to be developed to house its hospital complex, its research faculties and the faculty of Health Sciences (Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal).

Outremont was twinned as a sister city with Oakwood, Ohio and Le Vésinet, France.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1966 30,881 —    
1971 28,550 −7.5%
1976 27,089 −5.1%
1981 24,338 −10.2%
1986 23,080 −5.2%
1991 22,935 −0.6%
1996 22,571 −1.6%
2001 22,933 +1.6%
2006 22,897 −0.2%
2011 23,566 +2.9%
[8]

Home language (2006)[4]

Language Population Pct (%)
French 15,170 66.59%
English 3,795 16.67%
Both English and French 285 1.25%
Other languages 3,520 15.46%

Politics[edit]

Federal and provincial elections[edit]

The borough is entirely contained within the federal riding of Outremont and the provincial electoral district of the same name. In 2012, the riding voted NDP, re-electing MP Thomas Mulcair. In 2008, Quebec Liberal Minister Raymond Bachand was re-elected at the National Assembly.

Borough council[edit]

The borough is represented on Montreal City Council by its borough mayor alone. The borough is further divided into four districts, each of which elects one borough councillor.

As of May 6, 2014,[9] the current borough council consists of the following councillors:

District Position Name   Party
Borough mayor
Montreal city councillor
Marie Cinq-Mars   Équipe conservons Outremont
Claude-Ryan Borough councillor Mindy Pollak   Projet Montréal
Jeanne-Sauvé Borough councillor Jacqueline Gremaud   Independent
Joseph-Beaubien Borough councillor Céline Forget   Independent
Robert-Bourassa Borough councillor Lucie Cardyn   Independent

Education[edit]

The Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys operates Francophone public schools.[10]

Adult schools include:

  • Centre d’éducation des adultes Outremont

Specialized schools include:

  • Secondaire Adapté à ta Situation SAS[11]

Secondary schools include:

Primary schools include:

  • Guy-Drummond
  • Lajoie
  • Nouvelle-Querbes
  • Saint-Germain-d'Outremont

The Lester B. Pearson School Board (LBPSB) operates Anglophone public schools.

Public libraries[edit]

The Montreal Public Libraries Network operates the Robert-Bourassa Branch in Outremont.[12]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]


Coordinates: 45°31′N 73°37′W / 45.517°N 73.617°W / 45.517; -73.617