Ouvrage Bois-Karre

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Ouvrage Bois-Karre
Part of Maginot Line
Northeast France
PO Karre - 2003-12-21 - 18.jpg
Machine gun turret — note two GFM cloches to the rear
Ouvrage Bois-Karre is located in France
Ouvrage Bois-Karre
Ouvrage Bois-Karre
Site information
Controlled by France
Open to
the public
Yes
Condition Preserved
Site history
Built by CORF
Materials Concrete, steel, deep excavation
Battles/wars Battle of France, Lorraine Campaign
Ouvrage Bois-Karre
Type of work: Small infantry work (Petit ouvrage - infantry)
sector
└─sub-sector
Fortified Sector of Thionville
└─Hettange-Grande
Work number: A11
Constructed: 1930–1935
Regiment: 168th Fortress Infantry Regiment (RIF)
Number of blocks: 1
Strength: 2 officers, 91 men

Ouvrage Bois- Karre is located in the Fortified Sector of Thionville of the Maginot Line, facing the France - Luxembourg border. The petit ouvrage is situated in the Cattenom Forest between the gros ouvrages Soetrich and Kobenbusch, just south of Boust. It is unusual for a Maginot fortification in its construction as a single blockhouse, with no underground gallery system or remotely located entries. Bois-Karre has been preserved and is maintained as a museum.

Design and construction[edit]

Bois-Karre was surveyed by CORF (Commission d'Organisation des Régions Fortifiées), the Maginot Line's design and construction agency, in 1930. Work by the contractor Degaine-Dubois began in 1931,[1] and the position became operational in 1935,[2] at a cost of 10 million francs.[3][4]

Bois-Karre was planned as an anchor point for a fortified line of retreat from the Cattenom salient formed by Kobenbusch and Oberheid. A firing chamber is arranged to cover the reinforcing line (bretelle de Cattenom), which was to be anchored at its other end by Block 2 of Ouvrage Galgenberg. The reinforcing line was never built.[5]

Description[edit]

The single two-level combat block comprises two firing chambers and one machine gun turret. The west firing chamber was armed with a machine gun embrasure and a machine gun/47mm anti-tank gun embrasure (JM/AC47). The east firing chamber was equipped with two JM/AC47 embrasures and a JM embrasure. Three automatic rifle cloches (GFM) on the surface provided spotting for ouvrage Métrich, along with a machine gun turret.[1][6] The integral usine was equipped with two 40 horsepower (30 kW) Renault engines.

Several casemates, observatories and infantry shelters are located around Bois-Karre, including

  • Casemate de Basse-Parthe Ouest: Single clasmate flanking to the west with one JM/AC37 embrasure, one JM embrasure and one GFM cloche.
  • Casemate de Basse-Parthe Est: Single clasmate flanking to the east with one JM/AC37 embrasure, one JM embrasure and one GFM cloche.
  • Abri du Bois-Karre: Surface shelter for one infantry section, with two GFM cloches.
  • Abri du Rippert: Sub-surface shelter for two infantry sections and the quarter command post, two GFM cloches.
  • Abri du Bois-de-Cattenom: Surface shelter for one infantry section, two GFM cloches.

None of these are connected to the ouvrage or to each other. All were built by CORF.[1] The Casernement de Cattenom provided peacetime above-ground barracks and support services to Bois-Karre and other ouvrages in the area.[7]

Manning[edit]

The garrison comprised 91 men and two officers of the 168th Fortress Infantry Regiment under Sub-Lieutenant Boulay.[1]

History[edit]

See Fortified Sector of Thionville for a broader discussion of the events of 1940 in the Thionville sector of the Maginot Line.

Current condition[edit]

The ouvrage which retains a large portion of its equipment, has been restored and may be visited.[5][8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mary, Tome 3, p. 93
  2. ^ Kaufmann 2006, p. 25
  3. ^ Wahl, J.B. (P.O.) Bois Karre - A12 "Infanteriewerk (P.O.) Bois Karre - A12" (in German). darkplaces.org. Retrieved 12 March 2010. [dead link]
  4. ^ Mary, Tome 1, p. 52
  5. ^ a b "Petit ouvrage du Bois Karre" (in French). Association Ligne Maginot du Secteur Fortifié du Bois de Cattenom. 2009. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  6. ^ Puelinckx, Jean; Aublet, Jean-Louis & Mainguin, Sylvie (2010). "Bois-Karre (po A12 de)". Index de la Ligne Maginot (in French). fortiff.be. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  7. ^ Wahl, J.B. "Festungsabschnitt Thionville" (in German). darkplaces.org. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 
  8. ^ Kaufmann 2011, p. 221

Bibliography[edit]

  • Allcorn, William. The Maginot Line 1928–45. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-84176-646-1
  • Kaufmann, J.E. and Kaufmann, H.W. Fortress France: The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II, Stackpole Books, 2006. ISBN 0-275-98345-5
  • Kaufmann, J.E., Kaufmann, H.W., Jancovič-Potočnik, A. and Lang, P. The Maginot Line: History and Guide, Pen and Sword, 2011. ISBN 978-1-84884-068-3
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 1. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2001. ISBN 2-908182-88-2 (French)
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 2. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2003. ISBN 2-908182-97-1 (French)
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 3. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2003. ISBN 2-913903-88-6 (French)
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 5. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2009. ISBN 978-2-35250-127-5 (French)

External links[edit]

  • Boise-Karre at Ligne Maginot du Secteur Fortifié du Bois de Cattenom (LM SFBC) (French)
  • Bois Karre at fortiff.be (French)
  • Bois-Karre at darkplaces.org (French)