Ouvrage Saint-Roch

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Ouvrage Saint-Roch
Part of Maginot Line, Alpine Line
Southeast France
Bunker Maginot Col de Braus01.jpg
Saint-Roch, Block 4
Ouvrage Saint-Roch is located in France
Ouvrage Saint-Roch
Ouvrage Saint-Roch
Coordinates 43°52′28″N 7°26′38″E / 43.8745°N 7.44377°E / 43.8745; 7.44377
Site information
Controlled by France
Open to
the public
Yes
Condition Preserved
Site history
Built by CORF
Materials Concrete, steel, rock excavation
Battles/wars Italian invasion of France, Operation Dragoon
Ouvrage Saint-Roch
Type of work: Large artillery work (Gros ouvrage)
sector
└─sub-sector
Fortified Sector of the Maritime Alps
└─Sospel, Quartier Braus
Work number: EO 5
Regiment: 95th BAF, 158th RAP
Number of blocks: 4
Strength: 5 officers, 210 men

Ouvrage Saint-Roch is a work (gros ouvrage) of the Maginot Line's Alpine extension, the Alpine Line, also known as the Little Maginot Line. Small for a gros ouvrages, the ouvrage consists of one entry block, one artillery block and two observation blocks overlooking Sospel at an altitude of 426 metres (1,398 ft). The position is located just to the southwest of Sospel, its entrance block in a narrow valley and the artillery block on the other side of the ridge overlooking Sospel. The ouvrage is laid out along a single line, with the entry block to the rear, immediately followed by the usine, with barracks farther along and Blocks 2 and 3 at intervals. The position's main armament is concentrated in Block 4, a massive blockhouse designed to protect against rockfalls from higher up the mountain.[1][2]

Description[edit]

Ouvrage Saint-Roch was built between November 1930 and June 1932, starting with a contractor named Marting and finishing with Roussel. The cost was 12.7 million francs, of which the armament cost 2,128,000 francs[3]

A fifth block on the crest of the mountain was proposed but not built, to house a GFM cloche. Two observation posts were associated with Saint-Roch, including Campoast, armed with one machine gun and twin automatic rifle positions.[1]

Saint-Roch and an associated museum are open for visitation year-round.[8] The facilities are operated by the Association de l'Armée des Alpes,[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mary, Tome 5, pp. 60–61
  2. ^ Kaufmann 2011, p. 275
  3. ^ Mary|, Tome 4. p. 29
  4. ^ Puelinckx, Jean; Aublet, Jean-Louis; Mainguin, Sylvie (2010). "Saint-Roch (go du) Bloc 1". Index de la Ligne Maginot (in French). fortiff.be. Retrieved 26 January 2010. 
  5. ^ Puelinckx, Jean; et al (2010). "Saint-Roch (go du) Bloc 2". Index de la Ligne Maginot (in French). fortiff.be. Retrieved 26 January 2010. 
  6. ^ Puelinckx, Jean; et al (2010). "Saint-Roch (go du) Bloc 3". Index de la Ligne Maginot (in French). fortiff.be. Retrieved 26 January 2010. 
  7. ^ Puelinckx, Jean; et al (2010). "Saint-Roch (go du) Bloc 4". Index de la Ligne Maginot (in French). fortiff.be. Retrieved 26 January 2010. 
  8. ^ "Fort Saint-Roch" (in French). Sospel Tourisme. 2006. Retrieved 26 January 2010. 
  9. ^ Kaufmann 2011, p. 276

Bibliography[edit]

  • Allcorn, William. The Maginot Line 1928-45. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-84176-646-1
  • Kaufmann, J.E. and Kaufmann, H.W. Fortress France: The Maginot Line and French Defenses in World War II, Stackpole Books, 2006. ISBN 0-275-98345-5
  • Kaufmann, J.E., Kaufmann, H.W., Jancovič-Potočnik, A. and Lang, P. The Maginot Line: History and Guide, Pen and Sword, 2011. ISBN 978-1-84884-068-3
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 1. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2001. ISBN 2-908182-88-2 (French)
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 4 - La fortification alpine. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2009. ISBN 978-2-915239-46-1 (French)
  • Mary, Jean-Yves; Hohnadel, Alain; Sicard, Jacques. Hommes et Ouvrages de la Ligne Maginot, Tome 5. Paris, Histoire & Collections, 2009. ISBN 978-2-35250-127-5 (French)

External links[edit]