נְמַל הַתְּעוּפָה עוֹבְדָה
|IATA: VDA – ICAO: LLOV|
|Elevation AMSL||1,492 ft / 445 m|
|Source: Official Airport Website |
Ovda Airport (Hebrew: נְמַל הַתְּעוּפָה עוֹבְדָה, Nemal HaTe'ufa Uvda) (IATA: VDA, ICAO: LLOV) is a military and civilian airport in Israel, located in the south of the country, about 60 km (37 mi) north of the city of Eilat. It is the country's second international airport.
Ovda was originally built as a military airport in 1980 following Israel's withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula as part of the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty because the Israeli Air Force needed alternative airfields to its Sinai bases. Nowadays, the airport also serves as the destination for many commercial flights to Eilat, especially for large planes which cannot use the shorter runway at Eilat Airport, although it is still used by the air force.
Ovda Airport started out as an airbase for the Israeli Air Force, constructed by the United States as a replacement for Etzion Air Force Base. It opened in 1981. The Israeli Airports Authority began operations from Ovda Air Force Base in 1982, after the signing of the peace treaty with Egypt. Previously all charter flights from Europe had landed at Etzion, however this was one of three airports in the Sinai that were handed over to Egypt as part of the Camp David Accords. A civilian terminal was built at the airport which handled direct charter flights from Europe.
In 1988 a decision was made that international flights bringing tourists to Eilat would land at Ovda, instead of at Eilat. This allowed the operation of large, wide-body aircraft, such as the Boeing 747, which cannot operate from Eilat Airport. Since then, most international flights land at Ovda instead of Eilat. The runway at Ovda also allows long range flights to take off for any European destination without the need to refuel.
Today, the airport sees regular scheduled domestic services operated by Israir, Arkia Israel Airlines, and El Al Israel Airlines as well as regular charter services from across Europe. In 2005, the airport had 746 international aircraft movements and 82,479 international passenger movements.
On January 1, 2009, the airport was closed to landing traffic during nighttime until further notice by the Ministry of Transport, due to the deteriorating condition of its runway. As such, there is currently no alternative landing strip in Israel during night time to the Ben Gurion International Airport for large aircraft, that will be forced to fly to Cyprus in case the Ben Gurion runways cannot accept the landing.
Operation Protective Edge
On July 23 2014 after the stoppage of international air traffic to Tel Aviv Ben Gurion Airport, due to rocket fire on Israeli cities from Gaza Ovda Airport was opened to accept all International traffic. As of yet it has not been used for this case. 
Airlines and destinations
operated by Rossiya
|Seasonal: Saint Petersburg|
|Air Mediterranee||Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Arkia Israel Airlines||Haifa, Tel Aviv-Sde Dov|
|Corendon Dutch Airlines||Seasonal: Amsterdam|
|Enter Air||Seasonal: Warsaw-Chopin|
|El Al||Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Primera Air||Seasonal: Copenhagen, Helsinki|
|Ukraine International Airlines||Seasonal: Kiev-Boryspil|
|VIM Airlines||Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo, Yekaterinburg|
- Egozi, Aryeh (January 2, 2009). "Emergency Landing". Yedioth Ahronoth. p. 11.
- "Eilat's new International Airport On Its Way". IAA. Retrieved 2007-05-01.
- "History of Eilat Airport". Israel Airports Authority. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- "Facts and Figures". Israel Airports Authority. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- Sky News Team (22 July 2014). "Airlines Halt Israel Flights Amid Rocket Fire". Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- Staff (23 July 2014). "Israel set to open second int'l airport near Eilat in response to flight cancellations". Retrieved 23 July 2014.
Media related to Ovda Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Accident history for VDA at Aviation Safety Network
- Airport information for LLOV at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.