Overland Trail (Yukon)

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The Overland Trail was a Klondike Gold Rush-era transportation route between Whitehorse, Yukon and Dawson City in Yukon, Canada. It was built in 1902 at a cost of CDN$129,000 after the White Pass and Yukon Route railroad won a contract to deliver mail to the Dawson City gold fields from the Canadian government. The trail consisted of a 330 miles (531 km)-long, 12 feet (4 m) wide graded surface with culverts in some locations.[1] Before its construction, transportation to Dawson City required a steamboat trip on the Yukon River during the brief subarctic summer, or dog sleds after the rivers had frozen.[2] After its construction, horse-drawn stagecoach routes soon were established. Even with this regulated travel, it took five days to travel the distance between the two towns. Sleighs were substituted for coaches once snow began to fall, and passengers were charged CDN$125 for a one-way trip.[3]

The first automobile used the trail in 1912,[4] but soon afterward, declining returns from the gold mines caused the population of Yukon to drop precipitously. In 1921, the White Pass discontinued operating stages on the Overland Trail, and the mail contracts were awarded to other contractors thereafter. In 1922, the mail contractor switched from horse-drawn vehicles to motor vehicles. In 1955, a new automobile highway was built north from Whitehorse to Mayo, with a spur to Dawson City. This highway made the Overland Trail obsolete, and it fell into disrepair.[5] That road itself was replaced by the Klondike Highway. Today, the Overland Trail is primarily a recreation route for sled dog teams, snowmobiles, and other tourism-related activities. Artifacts relating to the Gold Rush-era use of the trail are plentiful along the route, which is used in February as part of the Yukon Quest, a 1,000-mile sled dog race between Whitehorse and Fairbanks, Alaska.[5]

White Pass & Yukon Route Overland Trail Equipment, 1901-1921[edit]

White Pass Wagons[6] (29 units)
Road No.[7] Type Builder(s) Year Built Remarks
1 Passenger Wagon Gear: Abbott-Downing Co. (Concord, New Hampshire);

Body: White Pass

1901 41 in. front & 54 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 12 Psgrs. & ½ ton of freight. Original body of # 1 appears to have been installed on Sleigh #32 or 33 in 1903.

One of ##1, 2, 4, and the three 1906-1917 passenger wagons was retired in 1918. Two more of ##1, 2, 4, and the three 1906-1917 passenger wagons were gone between 1925 & 1937. The remaining three of ##1, 2, 4, and the three 1906-1917 passenger wagons still existed in 1950. Two of ##1, 2, 4, and the three 1906-1917 passenger wagons currently are at the MacBride Museum, Whitehorse, Yukon. One of them has had its wheels replaced.

2 Passenger Wagon Gear: Abbott-Downing Co. (Concord, New Hampshire);

Body: White Pass

1901 41 in. front & 54 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 12 Psgrs. & ½ ton of freight. Original body of #2 appears to have been installed on Sleigh #32 or 33 in 1903.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #1, above.

3 Passenger Wagon Gear: (built in Seattle, Washington);

Body: White Pass

1902 41 in. front & 54 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 12 Psgrs. & ½ ton of freight.

Given to the Royal Canadian Air Force in 1944.

4 Passenger Wagon Gear: (built in Seattle, Washington);

Body: White Pass

1902 41 in. front & 54 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 12 Psgrs. & ½ ton of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #1, above.

5 Passenger Wagon Gear: (built in Seattle, Washington);

Body: White Pass

1902 41 in. front & 54 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 12 Psgrs. & ½ ton of freight.

Given to the U.S. Army Air Corps in 1944.

6 Passenger Wagon Gear: (built in Seattle, Washington);

Body: White Pass

1902 41 in. front & 54 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 12 Psgrs. & ½ ton of freight.

Sold to E. J. Spinney Trucking Service in 1944. Currently, it is on display at Carcross, Yukon.

Passenger Wagon Body: White Pass 1906 For disposition, see, Remarks for #1, above.
Passenger Wagon Body: White Pass 1915 For disposition, see, Remarks for #1, above.
Passenger Wagon Body: White Pass 1917 For disposition, see, Remarks for #1, above.
7 Heavy Freight Wagon Gear: Studebaker Bros. (South Bend, Indiana);

Body: White Pass

1904 44 in. front & 54 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 2 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

One of ##7, 9, 10, 11, 12, and 13 (6 heavy freight wagons) was sold in 1912. One more of ##7, 9, 10, 11, 12, and 13 was gone between 1938 & 1940. The remaining four of ##7, 9, 10, 11, 12, and 13 still existed in 1950.

8 Heavy Freight Wagon Bain Wagon Co. (Kenosha, Wisconsin) 1902 45 in. front & 56 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 2 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

On display at the Yukon Transportation Museum, Whitehorse, Yukon.

9 Heavy Freight Wagon Bain Wagon Co. (Kenosha, Wisconsin) 1902 45 in. front & 56 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 2 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #7, above.

10 Heavy Freight Wagon Bain Wagon Co. (Kenosha, Wisconsin) 1902 45 in. front & 56 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 2 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #7, above.

11 Heavy Freight Wagon Bain Wagon Co. (Kenosha, Wisconsin) 1903 45 in. front & 56 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 2 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #7, above.

12 Heavy Freight Wagon Bain Wagon Co. (Kenosha, Wisconsin) 1903 45 in. front & 56 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 2 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #7, above.

13 Heavy Freight Wagon Bain Wagon Co. (Kenosha, Wisconsin) 1903 45 in. front & 56 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 2 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #7, above.

14 Store Wagon Winkler Bros. Mfg. Co. (South Bend, Indiana) 1904 34 in. front & 49 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 2½ tons of freight.

Gone between 1925 & 1937.

15 Concord Road Wagon Groton Carriage Co. (Groton, New York) 1904 41 in. front & 46 in. rear wheels. Cap’y = 4 Psgrs.

Gone between 1925 & 1937.

16 Break Cart Fraser Road Cart Co. 1903 49 in. wheels. Cap’y = 1 Psgr. Used to train horses.

Still existed in 1950.

Light 2-Horse Buckboard White Pass 1906 or 1907 Built in the year in which the Light 4-Horse Buckboard (below) was not built.

Sold in 1922.

Light 4-Horse Buckboard White Pass 1906 or 1907 Built in the year in which the Light 2-Horse Buckboard (above) was not built.

Sold in 1923.

Heavy 4-Horse Buckboard White Pass 1909 Cap’y = 5 Psgrs. & 1¾ tons of freight.

Sold in 1923.

Light Buckboard w/Top 1915 Retired in 1917.
Medium Freight Wagon Bain Wagon Co. (Kenosha, Wisconsin) 1909 Gone between 1925 & 1937.
Medium Freight Wagon 1911 Gone between 1925 & 1937.
Single Buggy 1911 Still existed in 1950.
Light Freight Wagon 1916 Gone between 1925 & 1937.
Light Freight Wagon 1917 Gone between 1925 & 1937.
Side Bar Road Wagon 1917 Sold in 1923.
White Pass Sleighs (54 units)
Road No.[7] Type Builder(s) Year Built Remarks
21 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 or 1902 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 15 Psgrs. & ¾ ton of freight.

One of ##21-25, 27-31 and 34 (eleven 75 in. bob passenger sleighs) was sold in 1924. Seven more of ##21-25, 27-31 and 34 were gone between 1925 & 1937. The remaining three of ##21-25, 27-31 and 34 still existed in 1950. One of ##21, 22, 23, & 27 is at the MacBride Museum, Whitehorse, Yukon. For a time at the museum, it bore the number “7”. The body of another of ##21, 22, 23, & 27 is on an incorrect running gear at the Yukon Transportation Museum, Whitehorse, Yukon.

22 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 or 1902 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 15 Psgrs. & ¾ ton of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #21, above.

23 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 or 1902 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 15 Psgrs. & ¾ ton of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #21, above.

24 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 or 1902 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 10 Psgrs. & ½ ton of freight. Original body of #32 or 33 appears to have been installed on #24 in 1903.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #21, above.

25 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 or 1902 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 10 Psgrs. & ½ ton of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #21, above.

26 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 or 1902 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 15 Psgrs. & ¾ ton of freight.

Last reported to be at the Henry Tjoelker residence at Everson, Washington.

27 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 or 1902 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 15 Psgrs. & ¾ ton of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #21, above.

28 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 or 1902 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 15 Psgrs. & ¾ ton of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #21, above.

29 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 or 1902 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 15 Psgrs. & ¾ ton of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #21, above.

30 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 or 1902 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 15 Psgrs. & ¾ ton of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #21, above.

31 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 or 1902 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 15 Psgrs. & ¾ ton of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #21, above.

32 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Studebaker Bros. (South Bend, Indiana);

Body: Abbott-Downing Co. (Concord, New Hampshire)

1903 Articulated 66 in. bobs. Cap’y = 6 Psgrs. & 0.35 ton of freight. Body appears to have been the original body of Wagon #1 or 2. Original body of #32 appears to have been installed on #24 or 34 in 1903.

One of ##32 and 33 (two 66 in. bob passenger sleighs) was sold in 1906. The remaining one of ##32 and 33 still existed in 1950.

33 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Studebaker Bros. (South Bend, Indiana);

Body: Abbott-Downing Co. (Concord, New Hampshire)

1903 Articulated 66 in. bobs. Cap’y = 6 Psgrs. & 0.35 ton of freight. Body appears to have been the original body of Wagon #1 or 2. Original body of #33 appears to have been installed on #24 or 34 in 1903.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #32, above.

34 Passenger Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1903 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 10 Psgrs. & ½ ton of freight. Original body of #32 or 33 appears to have been installed on #34 in 1903.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #21, above.

35 Double Cutter William Mable (Victoria, British Columbia) 1903 120 in. runners. Cap’y = 2 Psgrs. For use by superintendent, assistant superintendent, or blacksmith.

One of ##35, 36, 37, or 38 (four cutters) was retired in 1917 or 1918. The remaining three of ##35, 36, 37, or 38 still existed in 1950.

36 Double Cutter Mission (Victoria, British Columbia) 1903 108 in. runners. Cap’y = 2 Psgrs. For use by superintendent, assistant superintendent, or blacksmith.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #35, above.

37 Double Cutter Ottawa Carriage Co. (Ottawa, Ontario) 1903 108 in. runners. Cap’y = 2 Psgrs. For use by superintendent, assistant superintendent, or blacksmith.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #35, above.

38 Single Cutter White Pass 1905 102 in. runners. Cap’y = 2 Psgrs.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #35, above.

39 Light Bob Sleigh McLaughlin Carriage Co. (Oshawa, Ontario) 1905 Articulated 30 in. bobs. Cap’y = 4 Psgrs. & ¼ ton of freight.

Still existed in 1950.

41 Freight Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 3 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

Four of ##41, 43-45, and 47-52 (ten 75 in. bob freight sleighs) were sold in 1909. Two more of ##41, 43-45, and 47-52 were retired in 1917. One more of ##41, 43-45, and 47-52 was sold in 1921. One more of ##41, 43-45, and 47-52 was sold in 1922. The remaining two of ##41, 43-45, and 47-52 were gone between 1925 & 1937.

42 Freight Sleigh Gear: B.F.&H.L. Sweet (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin);

Body: White Pass

1903 Articulated 76 in. bobs. Cap’y = 3 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

One of ##42, 46, and the three 76 in. bob freight sleighs acquired between 1909 & 1915 was sold in 1919. One more of ##42, 46, the three 76 in. bob freight sleighs acquired between 1909 & 1915 was sold in 1921. Two more of ##42, 46, the three 76 in. bob freight sleighs acquired between 1909 & 1915 were sold in 1922. The remaining one of ##42, 46, the three 76 in. bob freight sleighs acquired between 1909 & 1915 was gone between 1925 & 1937.

43 Freight Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 3 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #41, above.

44 Freight Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 3 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #41, above.

45 Freight Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 3 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #41, above.

46 Freight Sleigh Gear: B.F.&H.L. Sweet (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin);

Body: White Pass

1903 Articulated 76 in. bobs. Cap’y = 3 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #42, above.

47 Freight Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 3 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #41, above.

48 Freight Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 3 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #41, above.

49 Freight Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 3 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #41, above.

50 Freight Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 3 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #41, above.

51 Freight Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 3 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #41, above.

52 Freight Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs;

Body: White Pass

1901 Articulated 75 in. bobs. Cap’y = 3 Psgrs. & 5 tons of freight.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #41, above.

Freight Sleigh Gear: Studebaker Bros. (South Bend, Indiana);

Body: White Pass

1909 Articulated 78 in. bobs.

One of the five 78 in. bob freight sleighs acquired between 1909 & 1917 was sold in 1922. One more of the five 78 in. bob freight sleighs acquired between 1909 & 1917 was sold in 1924. The remaining three of the five 78 in. bob freight sleighs acquired between 1909 & 1917 were gone between 1925 & 1937.

Freight Sleigh Gear: Studebaker Bros. (South Bend, Indiana);

Body: White Pass

1909 Articulated 78 in. bobs.

For disposition, see, Remarks for 78 in. bob freight sleighs acquired in 1909, above.

Freight Sleigh Gear: B.F.&H.L. Sweet (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin);

Body: White Pass

1909 Articulated 76 in. bobs.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #42, above.

Freight Sleigh Gear: B.F.&H.L. Sweet (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin);

Body: White Pass

1909 Articulated 76 in. bobs.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #42, above.

Freight Sleigh Gear: Studebaker Bros. (South Bend, Indiana);

Body: White Pass

1915 Articulated 78 in. bobs.

For disposition, see, Remarks for 78 in. bob freight sleighs acquired in 1909, above.

Freight Sleigh Gear: Studebaker Bros. (South Bend, Indiana);

Body: White Pass

1915 Articulated 78 in. bobs.

For disposition, see, Remarks for 78 in. bob freight sleighs acquired in 1909, above.

Freight Sleigh Gear: B.F.&H.L. Sweet (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin);

Body: White Pass

1915 Articulated 76 in. bobs.

For disposition, see, Remarks for #42, above.

Freight Sleigh Gear: Studebaker Bros. (South Bend, Indiana);

Body: White Pass

1917 Articulated 78 in. bobs.

For disposition, see, Remarks for 78 in. bob freight sleighs acquired in 1909, above.

53 Logging Sleigh B.F.&H.L. Sweet (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin) 1905 Articulated 76 in. bobs.

Sold in 1923.

54 Logging Sleigh B.F.&H.L. Sweet (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin) 1905 Articulated 76 in. bobs.

Sold in 1923.

Logging Sleigh B.F.&H.L. Sweet (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin) 1917 Articulated 76 in. bobs.

Sold in 1923.

Perishable Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs 1907 Articulated 75 in. bobs.

One of the 75 in. bob perishable sleighs acquired in 1907 was retired in 1918. The remaining 75 in. bob perishable sleigh acquired in 1907 was sold in 1923.

Perishable Sleigh Gear: Good Sense Bobs 1907 Articulated 75 in. bobs.

For disposition, see, Remarks for 75 in. bob perishable sleighs acquired in 1907, above.

Perishable Sleigh Gear: Studebaker Bros. (South Bend, Indiana) 1908 Articulated 78 in. bobs.

Two of the three 78 in. bob perishable sleighs acquired in 1908 were gone between 1925 & 1937. The remaining 78 in. bob perishable sleigh acquired in 1908 still existed in 1950.

Perishable Sleigh Gear: Studebaker Bros. (South Bend, Indiana) 1908 Articulated 78 in. bobs.

For disposition, see, Remarks for 78 in. bob perishable sleighs acquired in 1908, above.

Perishable Sleigh Gear: Studebaker Bros. (South Bend, Indiana) 1908 Articulated 78 in. bobs.

For disposition, see, Remarks for 78 in. bob perishable sleighs acquired in 1908, above.

Dalton (light) Sleigh Gear: Studebaker Bros. (South Bend, Indiana) 1910 Articulated bobs.

Still existed in 1950.

74 Heavy Freight Sleigh Gear: B.F.&H.L. Sweet (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin) 1911 Articulated 76 in. bobs. For use on Caterpillar® train.

Gone between 1925 & 1937.

Heavy Freight Sleigh Gear: B.F.&H.L. Sweet (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin) 1911 Articulated 76 in. bobs. For use on Caterpillar® train.

Gone between 1925 & 1937.

Heavy Freight Sleigh Gear: B.F.&H.L. Sweet (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin) 1911 Articulated 76 in. bobs. For use on Caterpillar® train.

Gone between 1925 & 1937.

Heavy Freight Sleigh Gear: B.F.&H.L. Sweet (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin) 1911 Articulated 76 in. bobs. For use on Caterpillar® train.

Gone between 1925 & 1937.

Heavy Freight Sleigh Gear: B.F.&H.L. Sweet (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin) 1911 Articulated 76 in. bobs. For use on Caterpillar® train.

Gone between 1925 & 1937.

Caboose Sleigh 1912 Runners. For use on Caterpillar® train.

Sold in 1923.

White Pass Horses (at least 1,118 head)
Fiscal Year, July 1 to June 30 No. at Beginning of Period (July 1) No. Purchased during Period Maximum No. during Trail Season (≈ Nov.-Apr.) No. Sold during Period Died during Period No. at End of Period (June 30)
1901-1902 0
1902-1903 (at least 172)
1903-1904 (at least 186) 20
1904-1905 193 123
1905-1906 123 60 (+1 born) 164 55 9 120
1906-1907 120 101 192 29 14 178
1907-1908 178 56 199 39 14 181
1908-1909 181 43 205 51 5 168
1909-1910 168 62 217 27 8 195
1910-1911 195 91 162 148 23 115
1911-1912 115 70 164 50 16 119
1912-1913 119 75 162 75 25 94
1913-1914 94 114 167 30 18 160
1914-1915 160 40 154 29 40 131
1915-1916 131 90 181 22 38 161
1916-1917 161 42 168 13 28 162
1917-1918 162 4 141 4 43 119
1918-1919 119 20 122 24 16 99
1919-1920 99 22 117 74 3 44
1920-1921 44 0 44 43 1 0
White Pass Overland Trail Gasoline Equipment (6 units)
Type Year Acquired Remarks
Winton 1909 Model 17 Touring Car 1910 48 hp. Maximum speed ≈ 12 mph.

Gone in 1950.

Holt 45 Caterpillar® Tractor[8] 1911[8] Holt serial #1175 (1911).[8] 45 hp. Holt M-1 engine. Maximum speed ≈ 4 miles per hour.

Unserviceable by 1942. Still existed in 1950. Gone by 1965.

Crawler Tractor 1911[9] Built in United Kingdom. Unusable. Wheels frequently came off tracks.

Returned to manufacturer in 1912.[9]

Knox 1912 Model G 2-Ton Stake Truck 1912 45 hp.

Gone in 1950.

Knox Automobile 1913 Sold in 1923.
Ford 1912 Model T Torpedo Runabout 1917 22 hp.

Gone in 1950.

For the roster of White Pass boats, see, List of steamboats on the Yukon River.

For the roster of White Pass railroad equipment, see, List of White Pass and Yukon Route locomotives and cars.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Webb, p. 235
  2. ^ Killick, p. 57
  3. ^ PR Services, Ltd. "Overland Trail", Yukoninfo.com. Accessed March 3, 2009.
  4. ^ Webb, p. 238
  5. ^ a b Killick, p. 58
  6. ^ Passenger wagon bodies had thoroughbrace suspension. Freight wagon seats had spring suspension. Freight wagons hauled ore, wood, and feed.
  7. ^ a b Stages were renumbered in 1903 or 1904. The listed number is the later number.
  8. ^ a b c Holt Mfg. Co. Order #B38707. Holt Production Records 1894-1912, at pp. 126-27, et. seq. Accession #1969.42.354, Haggin Museum Library, Stockton, California. Holt sold no other machines to the White Pass. The statement in Manning (1912), “Motors In the Far North,” 93 The Power Wagon at page 31, that “The Holt caterpillar was purchased in the spring of 1911, equipped with a 60-horsepower engine …” (italics added) is probably not correct.
  9. ^ a b Manning, J. C. (1912). “Motors In the Far North,” 93 The Power Wagon at pp. 30-31 (Aug. 1, 1912).

References[edit]

  • Killick, Adam. Racing the White Silence: On the trail of the Yukon Quest. Penguin Global, May 2005.
  • Webb, Melody. Yukon: The Last Frontier. UBC Press, 1993.
  • White Pass & Yukon Ry. Directors’ Report to the 30th June (years 1901-1914), Univ. of Missouri-St. Louis Mercantile Library, St. Louis, Missouri.
  • White Pass and Yukon Route Comptroller’s Special Report (years 1907-1924, unpublished), Robert W. Richardson Railroad Library, Colorado Railroad Museum, Golden, Colorado.
  • Equipment [White Pass] Mail Service Department as of February 1, 1905 (privately held).