Overseal primary school. This colliery winding wheel is from Donisthorpe colliery, the last deep mine in South Derbyshire.
Overseal shown within Derbyshire
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Overseal is a village situated 3 miles south of Swadlincote, in South Derbyshire and is the second southernmost settlement in Derbyshire, on the border with Leicestershire. Historically both Overseal and Netherseal were part of Leicestershire: they were transferred from Leicestershire to Derbyshire in 1897, in return for Leicestershire absorbing several of Derbyshire's enclaves. (See County Enclaves).
The village was once part of the district of Seal, which included quite a few settlements, many of which form Netherseal and Overseal in modern times. The Seal suggests the area was once heavily forested and Nether means lower and Over means upper. The busy A444 (M42 - Burton upon Trent) passes straight through it.
Overseal is in the heart of the National Forest. To the south-east is Donisthorpe (in Leicestershire). Halfway between the village and Moira, half a mile to the east, is the Conkers activity park, the National Forest youth hostel and a Camping and Caravanning Club site (all in Leicestershire), close by also to Short Heath (in Derbyshire). The village was part of West Goscote Hundred in Leicestershire for most of its history. In 1889 it was transferred, along with Netherseal, to Derbyshire in exchange for Chilcote, Donisthorpe, Measham, Oakthorpe, Stretton en le field and Willesley plus the Derbyshire parts of Appleby Magna, Packington and Ravenstone.
The village church is dedicated to St Matthew. Woodville Road, leading to the north-east from the A444 was formerly the B5004, but has now been downgraded to a minor road. Close by is the former Ashby and Nuneaton Joint Railway (became the Leicester to Burton line), with a station for Overseal and Moira. There was also a small two-road loco depot, a sub-shed of nearby Burton which was coded 16F. The depot was closed in the late 1960s.
Village pubs are the Robin Hood Inn on the junction of Main Street and Burton Road (A444), and the Navigation Inn on Spring Cottage Road in Leicestershire. There is a large Co-op on the main road, next to a chip shop.
Overseal's history is inseparable from the nearby village of Netherseal (approximately a mile south). Historically forming a single parish and township, the two settlements have been known by various names, with Overseal having been known as, amongst others, Little Seale and Spital Seile and with variations on Seal including Seile, Sela, Sheile, Seeyle.
During the reign of Henry III, the manors of Overseal and Netherseal were given by William de Meisham (along with a park, a wood and a mill), as a dowry for his daughter, Godehouda, on the occasion of her marriage to William de Appleby of Appleby Magna. The manor house itself was located in what is now Netherseal. Around 1250, William de Meisaham also gave care of the church to Merevale Abbey in Warwickshire.
Around the turn of the 16th century, the Manor, Netherseal Hall had passed to the Gresley Family of Drakelow, having been purchased by Sir William Gresley (father of Sir George Gresley, 1st Baronet). The Gresley family sold the manor to the Morewood family in 1627. However, the manor passed back to the Gresley family through the marriage of Sir Thomas Gresley, 2nd Baronet, to Francis Morewood. In 1569 Sir Thomas Gresley, 2nd Baronet, is listed as Lord of the Manor, with the Manor itself being tenanted to E.W. Robertson, Esq.
In 1863 the manoral rights are recorded as belonging to Thomas Mowbray Esq. of Grange Wood House (later Grangewood Hall), which was situated around a mile South West of Overseal. He did not, however, own all the land in the village with John Curzon Esq. listed as a major land holder, and the rest shared between smaller owners.
Overseal was said to be the 'population centre of Britain' in 1971 with an equal number of people living North and South of it and similarly for East and West. However, this centre has slowly been moving southwards and is now claimed by the nearby village of Appleby Parva in North West Leicestershire which is 4.5 miles south of Overseal.
There appears to have been an earlier church in Overseal, however, in 1622 this was reported as being "quite decayed and gone".
A new church ("Chapel of Ease") was built in 1840-1841, dedicated to St. Matthew, built on land donated by Elizabeth Pycroft, who also gave money for its construction. Elizabeth laid the first stone on 27 August 1840, but died 19 December 1840; she is buried within the church. Her family subsequently made further donations to pay for the communion plate, altar table and velvet covering.
The church was built in the early English style: the tower has a single bell and the church boasts stained glass windows, a carved stone altar and a font made of Caen stone. The surrounding church/chapel-yard is three quarters of an acre, and at its North-West corner stood an oak tree descended from the Royal Oak at Boscobel House in which King Charles II hid to escape the Roundheads following the Battle of Worcester in 1651. (Does this Oak still exist?)
In 1863 the church is described as a 'chapelry' annexed to the rectory at Netherseal; The curate was Rev. John Morewood Gresley, M.A.
Every year sees a gala one afternoon in July. This includes a parade of floats which is led by the Gala King and Queen and their attendants.
- Joseph Wilkes, industrialist, was born here in 1733
- Charlie Freeman, footballer
- Ernest Hart, footballer
- "Derbyshire Enclaves Map". Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- British Locomotive Shed Directory, Ian Allan, London 1966
- White, William (1863). History, Gazetteer, and Directory of the Counties of Leicester and Rutland. Leicestershire & Rutland Family History Society.
- "Overseal". Peak District View.
- Overseal -= centre of Britain accessed 30 December 2007[dead link]
- Overseal Village Gala[dead link]
- Joseph Wilkes web site
Media related to Overseal at Wikimedia Commons