Notes available on a koncovka made in the key of G. Notes played with the end closed are marked with "●", and notes played with the end open are marked with "○". Both groups of notes are harmonics of a fundamental on G.
An overtone flute is a type of a flute that is designed to play in the upper harmonics, typically well above the two or three harmonics that are the practical limit for most woodwind instruments.
Overtone flutes may be considered simple tubes lacking tone holes, or relatively few tone holes for a woodwind instrument. They rely on their ability to play high into the overtone series in order to play melodies. One series of harmonics is achieved by overblowing with the end of the tube open and another is achieved with the end closed. This means that most overtone flutes are limited to producing only those notes from a natural scale.[clarification needed]
Overtone flute tubes typically have relatively long resonating chamber compared it its diameter or cross sectional area, which encourages the instrument to resonate in the higher harmonics. This also makes it either difficult to play or very quiet when attempting to play the instrument in the first harmonic.