|Motto: "A Place To Live, A Town to Love"|
|Region||Central Naugatuck Valley|
|• Type||Selectman-town meeting|
|• First selectman||George Temple|
|• Total||33.3 sq mi (86.3 km2)|
|• Land||32.7 sq mi (84.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)|
|Elevation||705 ft (215 m)|
|• Density||380/sq mi (150/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0213486|
Oxford is a residential town located in western New Haven County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 12,683 at the 2010 Census. Oxford is the 26th wealthiest town in Connecticut by median household income. Distinct settled areas in the town include Oxford Center, Quaker Farms, and Riverside. Oxford belongs to the Naugatuck Valley Economic Development Region and the Central Naugatuck Valley Planning Area, and the Bridgeport–Stamford–Norwalk Metropolitan Statistical Area.
In the 18th century, farmers herded livestock through Oxford from as far away as Litchfield on the way to the port of New Haven. In the 19th century, the town lost population as farmers moved to work in better-paying factories.
Oxford was incorporated in October 1798.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.3 square miles (86.3 km2), of which 32.7 square miles (84.8 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), or 1.78%, is water.
The towns bordering Oxford are Middlebury to the north, Naugatuck to the northeast, Beacon Falls to the east, Seymour to the southeast, Shelton and Monroe to the southwest, Newtown to the west, and Southbury to the northwest.
As of the census of 2010, there were 12,683 people, 4,504 households, and 3,672 families residing in the town. Oxford's population increased 29.1% between 2000 and 2010, making it the fastest-growing municipality in Connecticut for that period. The population density was 387.9 people per square mile (149.6/km²). There were 4,746 housing units at an average density of 145.1 per square mile (56.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.5% White, 1.1% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.6% some other race, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.7% of the population.
There were 4,504 households, out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.4% were headed by married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.5% were non-families. 14.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.1% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81, and the average family size was 3.12.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 33.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.4 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.9 males.
A University of Connecticut development study spanning 1985-2006 showed that Oxford had the largest increase of development by percentage, growing 62% during that time. The median household income in town grew 20%, ranking Oxford the 26th wealthiest of 169 communities in the state.
Arts and culture
Museums and other points of interest
- Quaker Farms Historic District — 467-511 Quaker Farms Road (added September 9, 1991)
- Wooster Sawmill and Gristmill Site (added September 17, 2001)
Parks and recreation
Among the parks serving Oxford residents are Southford Falls State Park in the northern section of town, Jackson Cove Beach, and Kirks Pond in the center of town. The 10.4-mile (16.7 km) Larkin State Bridal Trail, created in the 1940s from the path of a former train track, is one of the earliest examples of the "rails-to-trails" movement.
The Golf Club at Oxford Greens, a public golf course with over 400 homes for "active adults" over the age of 55, is located in town.
Oxford has two elementary schools, one middle school, and a high school.
- Quaker Farms School: 550 students in grades K through 2;
- Oxford Center School: 499 students in grades 3 through 5;
- Great Oak Middle School: 501 students in grades 6 through 8;
- Oxford High School: 592 students in grades 9 through 12.
Great Schools ranks Oxford Public Schools a 9 out of 10, or Excellent. In 2008, 90 percent of fourth grade students met state standards in math (as compared to 85 percent statewide); 82 percent in reading (statewide: 74 percent); 95 percent in writing (statewide: 85 percent). A total of 92 percent of eighth graders in town met state math standards (statewide: 85 percent), 94 percent in reading (statewide: 81 percent); and 94 percent in writing (statewide: 84 percent).
Oxford High School is a member of the South West Conference for athletics.
Local newspapers include:
- Oxford Gazette - of Oxford.
- Connecticut Post of Bridgeport.
- Republican-American of Waterbury.
- New Haven Register of New Haven.
- Voices, a free publication distributed in over 20 towns in Fairfield, New Haven and Litchfield counties.
Local media broadcasting stations are:
The local cable provider is Comcast of Western Connecticut, located in Seymour.
The town is bisected by Connecticut Route 67 that begins in Woodbridge and ends in New Milford. Route 188 runs through the Quaker Farms section of town. Other major roads in town are Route 34 along the Housatonic River (and which crosses the Housatonic into Monroe via the Stevenson Dam Bridge) and Route 42 in the eastern section of town.
Waterbury-Oxford Airport, with the second largest runway in Connecticut is located in Oxford and Middlebury. The airport, which is owned and operated by the Connecticut Department of Transportation, has become one of the largest and fastest growing corporate aviation centers in the Northeast. There are 252 aircraft based at the airport, with 80 of those aircraft being large corporate business jets.
- Barbara Hershey, actress
- Kurt Kepshire, former pitcher for the Saint Louis Cardinals
- Andrew Leete Stone, pastor, author, Civil War chaplain
In 2001, Oxford made international headlines when 94 year-old Ottilie Lundgren mysteriously died of anthrax. At the time, there was a spread of anthrax attacks in New York and Washington, and this case baffled law enforcement. No additional cases in the area suggested Lundgren's death was the result of accidental cross-contamination of the mail.
- "Town of Oxford Connecticut Official Site". Town of Oxford Connecticut Official Site. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Oxford town, New Haven County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
- Connecticut Census Data. Courant.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Business and Economic Development in Oxford, CT. Oxford-ct.gov. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Hughes, C.J., "How Green Is Their Valley", "Living In/" feature, November 1, 2009, Real Estate section, page 7, The New York Times, retrieved December 3, 2009
- "Oxford Connecticut". City-Data.com. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Oxford town, New Haven County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/cph-2-8.pdf "Connecticut: 2010 Population and Housing Unit Counts," U.S. Census Bureau, June 2012, page 32. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- Connecticut Census Data. Courant.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- "New Data Track Evolution of a Landscape". The New York Times. March 22, 2009. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
- The Golf Club at Oxford Greens Public Golf Course. Oxfordgreens.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Oxford High School - Oxford, Connecticut - CT - School overview. Greatschools.org (2013-05-10). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- ConnDOT: Waterbury-Oxford Airport
- Bioterrorism-related anthrax surveillance, Connecticut, September–December, 2001 - Bioterrorism-Related Anthrax - Emerging Infectious Diseases http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0GVK/is_10_8/ai_93532601
- Buettner, Russ (August 2, 2008). "For Some Close to the Anthrax Scare, Unwelcome Memories". The New York Times.
- Town of Oxford official website
- Oxford Public Library
- Oxford Historical Society
- Municipal Historian's Information page
- Municipal Historian's Preservation advocacy page
- Genealogical and cemetery information for Oxford
- Derby Historical Society. The society was "Founded April 18, 1946, to serve the Naugatuck Valley towns of Ansonia, Derby, Oxford, Seymour, & Shelton."
- Oxford Public Schools
- Pomperaug District Department of Health, serving Oxford, Southbury and Woodbury
- Macaroni Kid
- Oxford, Connecticut at City-data.com