Oxford (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Oxfordshire
Major settlements Oxford
1295–1983
Number of members 1295–1885: Two
1885–1983: One

Oxford was a parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom. It comprised the city of Oxford in the county of Oxfordshire, and elected two Members of Parliament from its creation in 1295 until 1881. From 1885, the seat elected only one member.

In 1983, Oxford was split into two separate constituencies: Oxford West and Abingdon and Oxford East.

Members of Parliament[edit]

1295-1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1379 Edmund Kenyan [1] Thomas Somerset [2]
1380 (Nov) Edmund Kenyan [1]
1381 Edmund Kenyan [1]
1382 (May) Edmund Kenyan [1]
1385 Edmund Kenyan [1]
1386 Edmund Kenyan Thomas Houkyn[3]
1388 (Feb) John Hickes Thomas Somerset[3]
1388 (Sep) John Shawe Thomas Baret[3]
1390 (Jan) Richard Garston Alan Lekensfeld[3]
1390 (Nov) Edmund Kenyan Adam de la River[3]
1391 Edmund Kenyan John Ottworth[3]
1393 Richard Garston John Merston[3]
1394 Edmund Kenyan John Forster[3]
1395 John Ludlow Adam de la River[3]
1397 (Jan) Walter Benham Adam de la River[3]
1397 (Sep) John Ottworth Adam de la River[3]
1399 John Spicer John Burbridge[3]
1401 Thomas Forsthull Adam de la River[3]
1402 Walter Benham John Spicer[3]
1404 (Jan) Thomas Coventre John Spicer[3]
1404 (Oct) John Merston Michael Salisbury[3]
1406 John Ottworth Thomas Cowley[3]
1407 Thomas Coventre Hugh Benet[3]
1410 Thomas Coventre Hugh Benet[3]
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Thomas Coventre Hugh Benet[3]
1414 (Apr) John Shawe II Walter Colet[3]
1414 (Nov) Thomas Coventre John Merston[3]
1415
1416 (Mar) Thomas Coventre William Brampton[3]
1416 (Oct)
1417 Thomas Coventre Hugh Benet[3]
1419 Thomas Coventre William Brampton[3]
1420 Thomas Coventre William Offord[3]
1421 (May) Thomas Coventre William Brampton[3]
1421 (Dec) John Quarane William Offord[3]
1491 Robert Caxton[4]
1510-1523 No names known[5]
1529 John Latton William Fleming[5]
1536  ?John Latton ?William Fleming[5]
1539 Thomas Denton Richard Gunter[5]
1542  ?
1545  ?
1547 Ralph Flaxney Edward Frere[5]
1553 (Mar) Christopher Edmonds Edward Glynton[5]
1553 (Oct) John Wayte Thomas Williams[5]
1554 (Apr) Thomas Mallinson Edward Glynton[5]
1554 (Nov) John Wayte William Tylcock[5]
1555 John Wayte William Pantre[5]
1558 John Barton Richard Williams[5]
1559 (Jan) Thomas Wood Roger Taylor[6]
1562 (Dec) William Page Thomas Wood[6]
1571 Edward Knollys William Frere[6]
1572 (Apr) Edward Knollys, died
and replaced 1576 by
Francis Knollys
William Owen, died
and replaced Jan 1581 by
Edward Norris[6]
1584 (Oct) Francis Knollys William Noble[6]
1586 (Sep) Francis Knollys George Calfield[6]
1588 (Oct) Francis Knollys George Calfield[6]
1593 Sir Edmund Carey George Calfield[6]
1597 (Aug) Anthony Bacon George Calfield[6]
1601 (Sep) Sir Francis Leigh George Calfield[6]
1604 Francis Leigh Thomas Wentworth
1614 Sir John Ashley Thomas Wentworth
1621-1622 Sir John Brooke Thomas Wentworth
1624 John Whistler Thomas Wentworth
1625 John Whistler Thomas Wentworth
1626 John Whistler Thomas Wentworth
1628 John Whistler Thomas Wentworth
1629–1640 No Parliaments convened

1640-1832[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 Viscount Andover[7] Royalist John Whistler Royalist
1640 (Nov) John Smith Royalist
1644 Smith and Whistler disabled from sitting - both seats vacant
1645 John Nixon John Doyley
December 1648 Nixon and Doyley excluded in Pride's Purge - both seats vacant
1653 Oxford was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Bulstrode Whitelocke[8] Oxford had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1654 Richard Croke
1656 Richard Croke
January 1659 Major Unton Croke Parliamentarian
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 The Viscount Falkland James Huxley
1661 Richard Croke Brome Whorwood
1679 William Wright
1685 Hon. Henry Bertie Sir George Pudsey
1689 Sir Edward Norreys
1695 Thomas Rowney
1701 Francis Norreys
1706 Sir John Walter
March 1722 Thomas Rowney, junior
October 1722 Francis Knollys
1734 Matthew Skinner
1739 James Herbert
1740 Philip Herbert
1749 The Viscount Wenman
1754 Hon. Robert Lee
1759 Sir Thomas Stapleton
1768 George Nares Lieutenant-Colonel the Hon. William Harcourt
1771 Lord Robert Spencer
1774 Captain the Hon. Peregrine Bertie
June 1790 Francis Burton
December 1790 Arthur Annesley
1796 Henry Peters
1802 John Atkyns-Wright
1807 John Ingram Lockhart
1812 John Atkyns-Wright
1818 Frederick St John
1820 Charles Wetherell John Ingram Lockhart
1826 James Haughton Langston Whig
1830 William Hughes Hughes
1832 Thomas Stonor[9] Whig
1833 William Hughes Hughes Whig
1835 Donald Maclean Conservative Conservative
1837 William Erle Whig
1841 James Haughton Langston Whig
1847 (Sir) William Page Wood Whig
1853 Edward Cardwell Peelite
March 1857 Charles Neate[10][11] Whig
July 1857 Edward Cardwell Peelite
1859 Liberal Liberal
1863 Charles Neate Liberal
1868 (Sir) William Vernon Harcourt Liberal
1874 Alexander William Hall Conservative
April 1880 Joseph William Chitty Liberal
May 1880 Alexander William Hall[12] Conservative
1881 Writ suspended - seat vacant
September 1881 Writ suspended - seat vacant[13]
1885 Representation reduced to one member

1885-1983[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Alexander William Hall Conservative
1892 Sir George Tomkyns Chesney Conservative
1895 Arthur Annesley Conservative
1917 by-election John Arthur Ransome Marriott Coalition Conservative
1922 Frank Gray Liberal
1924 by-election Robert Croft Bourne Unionist
1938 by-election Quintin Hogg Conservative
1950 by-election Lawrence Turner Conservative
1959 Montague Woodhouse Conservative
1966 Evan Luard Labour
1970 Montague Woodhouse Conservative
Oct 1974 Evan Luard Labour
1979 John Patten Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Oxford East & Oxford West and Abingdon

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918[14]

Electorate 25,134

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 9,805 70.7
Liberal Capt. George Herbert Higgins 4,057 29.3
Majority 5,748 41.4
Turnout 55.2
Unionist hold Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Frank Gray
General Election 1922[15]

Electorate 25,254

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frank Gray 12,489 59.0 +2.97
Unionist John Arthur Ransome Marriott 8,683 41.0 -29.7
Majority 3,806 18.0 59.4
Turnout 83.8
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +29.7
General Election 1923[16]

Electorate 26,270

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frank Gray 12,311 56.1
Unionist Robert Croft Bourne 9,618 43.9
Majority 2,693 12.2 -5.8
Turnout 21,929 83.5
Liberal hold Swing
CB Fry
Oxford by-election, 1924[17]

Electorate 26,270

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Robert Croft Bourne 10,079 47.8 +3.9
Liberal Charles Burgess Fry 8,237 39.1 -17.0
Labour Kenneth Martin Lindsay 2,769 13.1 N/A
Majority 1,842 8.7% N/A
Turnout 21,085 80.3
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +10.5
General Election 1924[18]

Electorate 27,139

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Robert Croft Bourne 12,196 57.3
Liberal Dr Robert Oswald Moon 6,836 32.1
Labour F Ludlow 2,260 10.6
Majority 5,360 25.2
Turnout 78.5
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1929[19]

Electorate 38,668

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Robert Croft Bourne 14,638 52.5
Liberal Dr Robert Oswald Moon 8,581 30.7
Labour J L Etty 4,694 16.8
Majority
Turnout 72.2
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931[20]

Electorate 39,203

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Croft Bourne unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a
General Election 1935[21]

Electorate 38,557

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Croft Bourne 16,306 62.8 N/A
Labour Patrick Chrestien Gordon Walker 9,661 37.2 N/A
Majority 6,645 25.6 N/A
Turnout 25,967 67.3 N/A
Conservative hold Swing
Oxford by-election, 1938[22]

Electorate 36,929

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Quintin McGarel Hogg 15,797 56.1 -6.7
Independent Progressive Alexander Dunlop Lindsay 12,363 43.9 N/A
Majority 3,434 12.2 -13.4
Turnout 28,160 76.3 +9.0
Conservative hold Swing -6.7

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by Autumn 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1945[23]

Electorate 47,662

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Capt. Quintin McGarel Hogg 14,314 45.3
Labour Francis Aungier Pakenham 11,451 36.2
Liberal Wing-Com. Anthony Norman 5,860 18.5
Majority 2,863 9.1
Turnout 66.3
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election, February 1974: Oxford[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Montague Woodhouse 23,967 39.81
Labour David Evan Trant Luard 23,146 38.44
Liberal MS Butler 13,094 21.75
Majority 821 1.36
Turnout 60,204 78.55
General Election, October 1974: Oxford[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Evan Trant Luard 23,359 42.71
Conservative Christopher Montague Woodhouse 22,323 40.82
Liberal MS Butler 8,374 15.31
National Front Ian Hugh Myddleton Anderson 572 1.05
Independent B Smith 64 0.12
Majority 1,036 1.89
Turnout 54,691 70.78
General Election 1979: Oxford[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Haggitt Charles Patten 27,459 45.3
Labour David Evan Trant Luard 25,962 42.83
Liberal Dermot Roaf 6,234 10.28
Oxford Ecological Movement Anthony Cheeke 887 1.46
Independent B Smith 72 0.12
Majority 1,497 2.47
Turnout 60,610 74.18

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/kenyan-edmund-1414
  2. ^ http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/somerset-thomas
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  4. ^ The English Parliaments of Henry VII. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  7. ^ Andover was summoned to the Lords by writ of acceleration in his father's barony as Lord Howard of Charlton before the House of Commons had met
  8. ^ Whitelocke was returned for four different constituencies; he chose to sit for Buckinghamshire
  9. ^ Stonor's election was declared void on petition and a by-election was held
  10. ^ Neate's election was declared void on petition and a by-election was held
  11. ^ Neate was elected for Oxford in 1863 and sat until 1868: ODNB article by A. C. Howe, ‘Neate, Charles (1806–1879)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 28 Dec 2009
  12. ^ Hall's election was declared void, the writ was suspended and a Royal Commission appointed to investigate
  13. ^ Chitty's election in April 1880 had not been questioned, but when he was appointed a judge and therefore vacated his seat, no election was held to replace him
  14. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig
  15. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig
  16. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig
  17. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig
  18. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig
  19. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig
  20. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig
  21. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig
  22. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig
  23. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig
  24. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge74a/i16.htm
  25. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge74b/i16.htm
  26. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge79/i16.htm

Coordinates: 51°45′N 1°16′W / 51.75°N 1.26°W / 51.75; -1.26