Oxford Bus Company
Mercedes-Benz Citaro in Oxford in June 2006
|Slogan||We're all about Oxford|
|Service type||Bus services|
|Destinations||Abingdon, Didcot, Kidlington, Oxford.
Express services to London, Heathrow, Gatwick
|Fleet||151 (October 2013)|
A City of Oxford Tramways Company horse-drawn tram system first operated in Oxford in 1881. In 1906 its operation was taken over by the City of Oxford Electric Tramway Company. This did not in fact electrify the tramway, but in 1913/14, and under threat of competition from William Morris, replaced the trams with Daimler buses.
In 1921 the company was renamed City of Oxford Motor Services Limited and continued to expand its operations into the surrounding countryside. From the 1930s the company was controlled by British Electric Traction with a the Great Western Railway also having a shareholding. Most of the fleet comprised AEC vehicles in the traditional red livery with green and maroon relief.
On becoming a subsidiary of the National Bus Company in 1969, moves towards greater integration of city and country services began. In 1971 the Oxford to London coach operator South Midland, which had been controlled by the neighbouring Thames Valley Traction company, was transferred to City of Oxford Motor Services and the fleet name for the entire operation became Oxford South Midland. A particularly acute problem for the operator was the competition for staff with Morris Motors whose works was located close to the Oxford garage. One solution was the move to one person operation of buses during the 1970s. Following several trials, the Oxford company has operated the city’s pioneering park and ride bus services since 1978, the year in which the London express service on its present routing began.
In 1983 the operation was split into separate Oxford and South Midland units. The Oxford Bus Company was allocated the Oxford city services and the London routes, and South Midland was allocated the remainder of the network. Both companies were subject to management buyouts. The South Midland company was soon resold to Thames Transit (later Stagecoach South Midlands) who introduced minibus competition, countered by the Oxford Bus Company under the brand name Oxford City Nipper.
In 1990 the Oxford Bus Company acquired the High Wycombe operations of the Bee Line, and ran them under the Wycombe Bus brand name. On March 1994 Oxford Bus Company was sold to the Go-Ahead Group. In 2000 Go-Ahead sold the High Wycombe operations to Arriva. The company's long-standing main depot site in Cowley Road, Oxford was closed in 2004 in favour after a new depot opened in Watlington Road.
In 2011 and 2012 the Go-Ahead Group purchased Thames Travel and Carousel Buses and brought these under the management of Oxford Bus Company although they retain their separate identies.
Oxford Bus Company currently operates services under five distinct brands:
|Oxford Bus Company / "City"||Local buses in and around Oxford, the "City" name has been introduced recently for the most frequent services, and appears on the sides of buses, buses were designated to specific routes ("City 5" etc.) but now only display the general "City" name||City 2/2A/2B/2C/2D, City 3/3B, City 4/4A/4B/4C, City 5, City 6/6C, City 8, City 9, City 13, City 23, City 35, City X3/X13|
|Park & Ride||Express buses from the well-developed network of peripheral park and ride car parks around the city||300, 400, 500|
|X90 London||Express coaches between Oxford and London Victoria Coach Station||X90|
|Airline||Express coaches between Oxford and Heathrow or Gatwick Airports||LHR LGW OXF|
|BROOKESbus||Local buses serving the campuses and halls of Oxford Brookes University (previously operated by Stagecoach Oxfordshire)||U1 (NU1), U1X, U5 (NU5), U5X|
As at October 2013 the fleet consists of 151 buses and coaches.
Oxford South Midland - Preservation
Some former National Bus Company vehicles trading under Oxford South Midland have been preserved.
- Companies House extract company no 91106 The City of Oxford Motor Services Limited
- A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 4: The City of Oxford
- Postcard marked passing of Oxford's trams Oxford Mail 15 March 2010
- Oxford and District Tramways Bill House of Commons Hansard 22 July 1914
- Jolly, Stephen and Taylor, Nick (2003). The Book of Oxford Buses and Trams. Oxford Bus Museum Trust. ISBN 0-9506739-2-7.
- Ashworth, Phil (2006). The Oxford Bus Company — the first 125 years. Oxford Bus Company.
- Oxford Bus Company wins Brooks bus contract from rivals Stagecoach TransportXtra 6 November 2008
- Introduction The Oxford & Chilterns Bus Page 3 July 2009
- Oxford Bus Company Go-Ahead Group
- No changes at Thames Travel says outgoing boss Oxford Mail 29 May 2011
- Go-Ahead buys 35-vehicle Thames Travel busandcoach.com 8 June 2011
- Go-Ahead Acquires Carousel Buses Limited Go-Ahead Group 20 February 2012
- Fleet List Oxford Bus Company