Oxford East (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Oxford East in Oxfordshire.
Location of Oxfordshire within England.
|Electorate||81,644 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Oxford and Cowley|
|Member of Parliament||Andrew Smith (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
Until 1983, the whole of Oxford, including most of this seat, was part of the Oxford constituency. For the first four years, the constituency was served by Steven Norris, a Conservative, since his defeat at the hands of the current MP the seat has seen the Conservative share of the vote plummet to 18.8% in 2010. The seat has been since 1997 a Labour-Lib Dem marginal in terms of the majorities received by Labour's Andrew Smith.
- Historic changes to boundaries
The 1997 boundary changes moved two semi-rural Conservative-leaning wards out of the seat, and incorporated the urban Oxford South ward that was strong for the Liberal Democrats and Labour.
The constituency includes Oxford city centre and the majority of the Oxford Colleges, Cowley (famous for its car factory) and the Blackbird Leys council estate, but there is a large percentage of student voters from both Oxford and Oxford Brookes Universities (the latter being based in the seat, in leafy suburban Headington).
Due to the high student and university-related vote, Smith came within a thousand votes of losing the seat to a Liberal Democrats at the 2005 election with such issues as the Iraq War and top-up fees losing many votes for the former Work and Pensions Secretary. At the end of 2010 unemployment claimant count was 2.3%, 45th of the 84 South East constituencies and close to the mean of 2.45%.
Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for General Election 2010 since which it has electoral wards:
- Barton and Sandhills; Blackbird Leys; Carfax; Churchill; Cowley; Cowley Marsh; Headington; Headington Hill and Northway; Hinksey Park; Holywell; Iffley Fields; Littlemore; Lye Valley; Marston; Northfield Brook; Quarry and Risinghurst; Rose Hill and Iffley; St Clement’s; St Mary’s in the City of Oxford
These changes added Carfax and Holywell from Oxford West and Abingdon. This means that Oxford city centre and the majority of Oxford Colleges now sit in Oxford East, whereas they had previously sat in Oxford West and Abingdon for the most part. It was expected that this would benefit the Liberal Democrats in this marginal constituency. However, in a shock result, when the seat was first contested on its new boundaries in 2010, the Labour incumbent Andrew Smith managed to quadruple his majority on various pro-Labour two-party swings defying the vast majority of those nationally.
In 2008 on the constituency's previous boundaries Labour "won"[n 3] 11 of the wards, Lib Dems 4, the Greens 3 and the Independent Working Class Association 1.
Members of Parliament
When created in 1983, the seat was won by the Conservative Steve Norris. In 1987 he was defeated by the current Labour incumbent, former Cabinet minister, Andrew Smith.
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Oxford East|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Goddard||17,357||33.6||−1.6|
|Socialist Equality||David O'Sullivan||116||0.2||N/A|
|Equal Parenting Alliance||Roger Crawford||73||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Oxford East|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Goddard||14,442||34.6||+11.2|
|Independent ('New Loony')||Honest Blair||1,485||3.6||N/A|
|Independent Working Class||Maurice Leen||892||2.1||N/A|
|General Election 2001: Oxford East|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Goddard||9,337||23.4||+8.7|
|Socialist Alliance||John Lister||708||1.8||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||Fahim Ahmed||274||0.7||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Linda Hodge||254||0.6||−0.1|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Oxford East|
|Liberal Democrat||George Kershaw||7,038||14.7||+0.7|
|Referendum Party||Martin Young||1,391||2.9||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||William Harper-Jones||318||0.7||N/A|
|Natural Law||John Thompson||108||0.2||N/A|
|General Election 1992: Oxford East|
|Conservative||Dr Mark Mayall||16,164||34.3||−6.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Horwood||6,105||13.0||−2.6|
|Natural Law||Miss Ann M. Wilson||101||0.2||N/A|
|Revolutionary Communist||Keith Thompson||48||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Oxford East|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.7|
|General Election 1983: Oxford East|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "O" [self-published source][better source needed]
- Oxfordshire Green Party press release, 4 February 2010. Peter Tatchell was the prospective parliamentary candidate for the Green Party until withdrawing in December 2009 due to health reasons.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.131 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
- The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- This was an unusual election, where an incumbent was challenged by two people who later became MPs.
- Election result, 2010 (BBC)
- Election result, 2005 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997–2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997–2001 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983–1992 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1992–2010 (The Guardian)