Oxford Scientific Films
|Type||Private company limited by shares|
|Industry||Television production, Film production|
|Founded||Oxford, U.K. ( July 8, 1968)|
|Headquarters||London, United Kingdom|
|Key people||Clare Birks, CEO, Caroline Hawkins, Creative Director|
|Products||Meerkat Manor, Lemur Kingdom, Fatal Attractions|
Oxford Scientific Films (OSF) is a British company that produces natural history and documentary programmes. Founded on 8 July 1968 by noted documentary filmmaker Gerald Thompson, the independent film company broke new ground in the world of documentaries, using new filming techniques and capturing footage of never before filmed activities of its various subjects. In 1996, Oxford Scientific Films was sold to Circle Communications, where it retained its own identity as a division within the company. The following year, Circle Communications was taken over by Southern Star Entertainment UK. Under the new ownership, Oxford Scientific Films continued to enhance its reputation for innovative film-making, producing multiple award-winning series and films, including the highly acclaimed Animal Planet series, Meerkat Manor.
In March 2008, Southern Star merged its Sydney-based factual business division into the Oxford Scientific Films division, retaining the brand name for specialist documentaries, while using "Southern Star Factual" as the brand name for its features and entertainment style documentaries. When Southern Star was sold to Endemol, Oxford Scientific Films was retained by parent company Fairfax Media. In 2011 Oxford Scientific Films was acquired by Boom Pictures Productions, who own a 70% share of the company.
Formation and growth
In 1967, cinemicrophotography pioneer, professional film maker, and Oxford University lecturer Gerald Thompson, was approached by the Ealing Corporation of Harvard about expanding its catalog of short educational films. Universal Education and Visual Arts, a New York, company also was interested in talking with Thompson about the works he'd produced. Thompson and five of his associates and former students: Peter Parks, who worked with plankton; John Paling, a fish specialist who worked with Parks; recent Oxford graduate Sean Morris; zoologist John Cooke; and Eric Skinner, who assisted Thompson with his films, wanted to form an independent film company. Thompson and Parks travelled to America to meet with the two companies to show their work. At the end of the meeting, they told the head of the company about their desire to open their own company and, impressed with the films he'd seen, he offered to finance them for the first three years and give them the funds to build a place to work.
When they returned to the United Kingdom, Thompson sold them a quarter acre of his garden, at a steeply discounted price, to be the home for the new building. They formed Oxford Scientific Films, taking part of the name from Parks' existing company Oxford Biological Films. Thompson, Parks, Morris, Paling, and Thompson's son David, headed the new company, which began operating on 8 July 1968. Thompson remained at his position at Oxford University while the company building was being completed, while the other four travelled to America to make the film loops for Ealing. Thompson resigned from the university on 2 September 1969, taking on the work at Oxford Scientific Films full time.
The company focused initially on filming nature at a microscopic level, including insect and aquatic wildlife. Using specialised equipment and camera techniques the developed themselves, the company gained fame for its ability to record never before seen footage of the natural world. Its cinematographers became experts in micro, macro, snorkel, slow-motion and time-lapse photography. As the company grew, it expanded into other innovating filming and post-production techniques, and moved from creating short loops to creating television programmes and series, commercials, and feature films.
Southern Star acquisition
In September 1996, Oxford Scientific Films was purchased by film and television rights company Circle Communications for £3.9 million. £3.85 million of the purchase price was paid in cash, with the rest paid through a stock exchange. Less than a year later, in May 1997, Australia-based Southern Star Entertainment made a £8.3 million take over bid for Circle Communications, due to its distribution business, strong catalog, and the company's drama and factual production business. Oxford Scientific Films, which had retained its own identity under Circle Communications, became a core division of Southern Star Entertainment.
On 4 December 2003, Oxford Scientific's extensive libraries of over 350,000 still images and over 2,000 of film footage libraries were acquired by Photolibrary. The acquisition was done as a share exchange,with Photolibrary acquiring shares in Oxford Scientific Films Limited, and Southern Star paying A$1 million to purchase a 46.46% equity in Photolibrary. Photolibrary retained existing employees of the library divisions, and continues using the names "Oxford Scientific" and "OSF" in promoting the libraries. Southern Star retained full control of Oxford Scientific Films production unit, and through that unit, continues supplying images and footage to the Photolibrary.
In March 2008, parent company Southern Star Group merged its Sydney-based "factual business unit" into the Oxford Scientific Films division. The merged company now uses two brands, with the existing Oxford Scientific Films name being used for its "specialist factual programmes", while the Southern Star Factual brand will be used for "features and factual entertainment shows."
Oxford Scientific Films has produced numerous award winning programmes and films. In 1998, its film "The Forbidden Fruit" produced for the BBC's long-running series The Natural World and WNET Nature, won seven industry awards. Heroes of the High Frontier, produced as a National Geographic Special, won four awards and was a finalist for the Best of the Show Grand Award Trophy at the New York Festivals.
In 2005, the company launched Meerkat Manor, a docu-drama commissioned for Animal Planet. The series has since become Animal Planet's highest rated series, and has been nominated for two Primetime Emmy Awards, two Jackson Hole Wildlife Film Festival Awards and was a finalist at the 2006 Wildscreen Festival It won multiple awards at the 2006 Omni Awards and 2006 and 2007 New York Festivals Award Gala. The series is also noted for capturing never before seen aspects of the lives of meerkats, being the first to capture meerkat infanticide on film, and for expanding the boundaries of the documentary genre.
- Christopher Parsons (Interviewer), Derek Kilkenny-Blake (Cameraman) (1998-09-03). Oral History Interview: Gerald Thompson - Chapter 8:Setting up Oxford Scientific Films (Flash) (Documentary). WildFilmHistory. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
- Morris, Sean (2002-09-21). "Gerald Thompson: Pioneer of filming plants and small animals". The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
- Plank, Joselynn (1999). "OSF". Heroes of the High Frontier companion site. International Canopy Network, Evergreen State College. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
- Montgomery, Emma-Lou (1996-09-26). "Circle pays £3.9m for call of the wild". Electronic Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-09-01.[dead link]
- Bousé, Derek (2000). "Nature Designed and Composed". Wildlife Films. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 221. ISBN 0-8122-1728-4.
- Clarke, Steve (2003-09-29). "U.K. Arm Develops Drama, Docu Docket". Variety. p. B3.
- Maher, Sean (January 2004). The internationalisation of Australian film and television through the 1990s (PDF). Communications Law Centre. Australian Film Commission. p. 50. ISBN 0-9580152-6-0. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
- "Evolution of the UK Independent Production Sector". Mediatique, BBC. September 2005. p. 8. Archived from the original on 2008-05-18. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
- "Southern Star Announces Merger With Oxford Scientific Films". 4rfv.co.uk. Flagship Media Group. 2008-03-18. Retrieved 2008-08-29.
- "Division Name - Southern Star Merger of Oxford Scientific Films Libraries And Photolibrary". Southern Star Group. 2004-04-30. Retrieved 2008-08-29.[dead link]
- "Southern Star Announces Merger of Oxford Scientific Films Libraries And Photolibrary". Southern Star Group. 2003-12-03. Retrieved 2008-08-29.[dead link]
- Warren, Piers (January 2000). "Newsletter Number 7". Wildlife Film News. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
- Bellafante, Ginia (2007-10-10). "'The Desert Has Lost Its Favorite Rose': Death Comes to the Whiskers Family". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
- "The 59th Primetime Emmy Awards Nominations Summary". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved 2008-01-13.
- "Wildscreen 2006 Finalist Films". Wildscreen Festival. Retrieved 2008-01-13.
- "OSF Award Winning Productions". Southern Star Group. Archived from the original on 2007-08-30. Retrieved 2008-01-13.
- "TV Programming & Promotion Showcase". New York Festivals. International Awards Group. Retrieved 2008-01-13.
- "Meerkat Manor - The Cast and Crew". Animal Planet. Retrieved 2007-12-10.
- Smith, Lynn (2007-09-29). "Tributes to the passing of a meerkat matriarch". LA Times. Retrieved 2007-10-28.[dead link]