Oxford railway station

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Oxford National Rail
Oxford
Rolling into Oxford station from the south with platforms 2 (left) and 1 (right) clearly visible
Location
Place Oxford
Local authority City of Oxford
Coordinates 51°45′12″N 1°16′13″W / 51.7534°N 1.2703°W / 51.7534; -1.2703Coordinates: 51°45′12″N 1°16′13″W / 51.7534°N 1.2703°W / 51.7534; -1.2703
Grid reference SP504063
Operations
Station code OXF
Managed by First Great Western
Number of platforms 3
DfT category B
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2007/08 Increase 4.713 million
2008/09 Increase 5.081 million
2009/10 Increase 5.427 million
2010/11 Increase 5.798 million
2011/12 Increase 6.227 million
2012/13 Increase 6.310 million
History
Original company Great Western Railway
Pre-grouping Great Western Railway
Post-grouping Great Western Railway
1852 Opened
1971 Rebuilt
1990 Rebuilt
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Oxford from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Oxford railway station is a mainline railway station serving the city of Oxford, England. It is about 0.5 miles (800 m) west of the city centre, northwest of Frideswide Square and the eastern end of Botley Road. It is on the line for trains between London Paddington and Hereford via Worcester Shrub Hill. It is a starting point for fast and local trains to London Paddington and for local trains to Reading, Worcester and Bicester Town. It is also on the Cross Country Route linking Reading to Manchester Piccadilly and/or Newcastle Central via Birmingham New Street. The station is operated by First Great Western, and also served by CrossCountry and Chiltern Railways trains. Immediately to the north is Sheepwash Channel Railway Bridge over the Sheepwash Channel.

History[edit]

The front of Oxford railway station, northwest of Frideswide Square.

The Great Western Railway was first opened to Oxford on 12 June 1844[1] with a terminus station in what is now Western Road, Grandpont. In 1845 the Oxford and Rugby Railway began to build its line, starting from a junction at New Hinksey 0.75 miles (1.2 km) south of the GWR terminus. The junction was known as Millstream Junction, and was between the future sites of Hinksey Halt and Abingdon Road Halt, both of which were opened in 1908. The GWR took over the ORR while it was still being built, and opened the line as far as Banbury on 2 September 1850. For just over two years, trains from Oxford to Banbury started at Grandpont, and had to reverse at Millstream Junction in order to continue their journey.[2]

The ORR line included a new through station in Park End Street, so when this opened with the extension of the line from Banbury to Birmingham on 1 October 1852, the original Grandpont terminus was closed to passenger services.[1][3] The old station at Grandpont became a goods depot, but was closed completely on 26 November 1872, the day that the broad gauge tracks were removed north of Didcot. The site of the station was then sold, as was the trackbed from Millstream Junction, some 66 chains (1,300 m) in length.[4][5]

Major subsequent changes were removal of the last 7 ft 0 14 in (2,140 mm) gauge tracks in 1872 and of the train shed in 1890–1. The station was substantially rebuilt by the Western Region of British Railways in 1971, further improvements being carried out during 1974 including the provision of a new travel centre,[6] and the new main building and footbridge were added in 1990.

The station has always been busy. In addition to current services, formerly there were others over the Wycombe Railway, Oxford, Witney and Fairford Railway, and Blenheim and Woodstock Branch Line.[citation needed] Through trains from the north to the Southern Railway also typically changed locomotives at Oxford.

It was for a time known as Oxford General station to distinguish it from the London and North Western Railway's Oxford Rewley Road terminus of the "Varsity Line" to Cambridge, which was adjacent and came under joint management in 1933. On 1 October 1951 British Railways closed Rewley Road station to passengers and transferred its services to the former GWR station.[1]

Up oil empties entering Oxford with two Diesels in 1964

South of the station immediately west of the railway tracks is Osney Cemetery, established in 1848 just before the current station site. Nearby is the site of the former Osney Abbey.

Plans[edit]

Further expansion[edit]

Passenger traffic at Oxford is growing rapidly. In the nine years 2003–12 the number of passengers using the station increased by 71%.[7]

In November 2009 it was announced that Oxford station would be expanded. A £10 million joint development between Network Rail and Oxfordshire County Council would create a new platform on part of the station’s long-stay car park. The new platform (south of platform 1) would allow trains to arrive and depart from the same track and reduce the need for empty trains to be shunted around the station. Currently, in busy periods trains can be kept waiting outside of the station for a platform to become available.

A new covered footbridge would also be built over Botley Road to link the station building with the new platform, replacing the existing footbridge to the car park. The new platform was to have been brought into use during 2011, and was to be part of the city and county councils' West End Area Action Plan for the western part of the city centre, which also considers other rail projects such as Evergreen 3 and the Paddington – Oxford electrification.[8]

Project Evergreen 3[edit]

In August 2008 Chiltern Railways announced Project Evergreen 3, a proposal to construct a 0.25 miles (400 m) link between Bicester Town and the Chiltern Main Line, to allow a new Oxford to London Marylebone service to run via Bicester Town and High Wycombe. The single line between Bicester Town and Wolvercote Tunnel will be doubled and a new station will be built at Oxford Parkway. Work began in 2013, and the service is due to start in 2015. From 2017 this route out of Oxford will be shared with further new services on the former 'Varsity Line' to Winslow, Bletchley, Milton Keynes and Bedford.

The scheme also includes two new platforms at Oxford station, to be built on the site of the disused parcels depot. The new platforms would initially be five carriages in length, but provision will be made for them to be extended southwards to eight carriages.[9]

Services[edit]

A 1902 Railway Clearing House map of railways in the Oxford area
Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Banbury or Tackley   Chiltern Railways
Stratford-upon-Avon – Oxford
Limited Service
  Terminus
Islip   Chiltern Railways
Oxford to Bicester Line
Bus replacement service in operation.
  Terminus
Banbury   CrossCountry
Manchester – Bournemouth
  Reading
CrossCountry
Newcastle – Reading and beyond
Hanborough   First Great Western
Cotswold Line
  Didcot Parkway
Tackley or
Terminus
  First Great Western
Cherwell Valley Line
  Radley
Future services
Oxford Parkway   Chiltern Railways
London Marylebone – Oxford
  Terminus
Oxford Parkway   Varsity Line
Reading - Bedford or Milton Keynes Central
  Didcot Parkway
Historical railways
Wolvercot Platform
Line open; station closed
  Great Western Railway
Great Western Main Line
  Hinksey Halt
Line open; station closed

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 179. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. 
  2. ^ MacDermot, E.T. (1927). History of the Great Western Railway, vol. I: 1833–1863. Paddington: Great Western Railway. p. 300. 
  3. ^ MacDermot 1927, pp. 322, 324–327
  4. ^ Cooke, B.W.C., ed. (November 1957). "The Why and the Wherefore: Original Station at Oxford". The Railway Magazine (Westminster: Tothill Press) 103 (679): 816. 
  5. ^ MacDermot, E.T. (1931). History of the Great Western Railway, vol. II: 1863–1921. Paddington: Great Western Railway. pp. 65–66, 599. 
  6. ^ Slater, J.N., ed. (July 1974). "Notes and News: Travel Centre for Oxford Station". Railway Magazine (London: IPC Transport Press Ltd) 120 (879): 361. ISSN 0033-8923. 
  7. ^ Office of the Rail Regulator data: see infobox at head of article.
  8. ^ Little, Reg (26 November 2009). "Grand plans for Oxford's train station". The Oxford Times (Oxford: Newsquest (Oxfordshire) Ltd). pp. 1, 3. 
  9. ^ "Chiltern Railways plan to make Bicester well connected". Railnews. 2008-08-29. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]