Oxkutzcab Municipality

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Oxkutzcab
Municipality
"20 de noviembre" Market in Oxkutzcab
"20 de noviembre" Market in Oxkutzcab
Official seal of Oxkutzcab
Seal
Location of Oxkutzcab in Yucatán
Location of Oxkutzcab in Yucatán
Oxkutzcab is located in Mexico
Oxkutzcab
Oxkutzcab
Location of Oxkutzcab in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°18′N 89°25′W / 20.300°N 89.417°W / 20.300; -89.417Coordinates: 20°18′N 89°25′W / 20.300°N 89.417°W / 20.300; -89.417
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Government
 • Municipal President José Gualberto Ayora Cámara[1]
Area
 • Total 512.23 km2 (197.77 sq mi)
  [1]
Population (2005 [2][3])
 • Total 27,084
 • Density 53/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
INEGI Code 056
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Official Website

Oxkutzcab (sometimes spelled as Oxcutzcab) is a municipality, with a municipal seat of the same name in the Mexican state of Yucatán, southeast of Maní, Yucatán, located at 20°18′10″N 89°25′0″W / 20.30278°N 89.41667°W / 20.30278; -89.41667. The name in the Yucatec Maya language means "Place of ramon, tobacco, and honey".

According to the 2005 census, Oxkutzcab had a population of 21,341[3] people in the city and 27,084[3] in the entire municipality, predominantly of Maya descent. Henequen, sugar, tobacco, maize, and fruit are grown commercially in the surrounding area. The municipality has an area of 512.23 km2 (197.77 sq mi) and includes a number of smaller towns, the largest of which are Yaxhachén, Xohuayán, Emiliano Zapata, and Xul. Loltun Cave is 5 km (3.1 mi) south of the city.

Oxkutzcab was a town dating back to pre-Columbian times. With the fall of Mayapán in the 1440s, Oxkutzcab became a regional capital ruled by the Xiu family. After the Spanish conquest of Yucatán it was re-established as a Spanish colonial town in 1550; the Maya temples were demolished and a large Franciscan church built.

Oxkutzcab was granted the legal status of a city in the early 19th century. In 1847 the city was sacked in the Caste War of Yucatán. In 1879 the city was linked to the capital of Mérida by railroad.

Each year during the last days of November, the city hosts a "Festival of Oranges". There are two markets of tropical fruits: the "20 de Noviembre" market and "Solidarity" market, better known as "La central".

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Oxcutzcab
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
31.3
(88.3)
33.5
(92.3)
35.5
(95.9)
37
(98.6)
35.5
(95.9)
34.9
(94.8)
34.8
(94.6)
34.2
(93.6)
32.3
(90.1)
30.9
(87.6)
29.6
(85.3)
33.26
(91.86)
Average low °C (°F) 14.8
(58.6)
15.4
(59.7)
16.8
(62.2)
19
(66)
20.9
(69.6)
21.6
(70.9)
21
(69.8)
21.2
(70.2)
21.3
(70.3)
20
(68)
18
(64)
16
(60.8)
18.83
(65.84)
Precipitation mm (inches) 28
(1.1)
20
(0.8)
38
(1.5)
46
(1.8)
86
(3.4)
155
(6.1)
155
(6.1)
191
(7.5)
196
(7.7)
107
(4.2)
50
(2)
50
(2)
1,122
(44.2)
Source: Weatherbase [4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Nuestros municipios - Oxcutzcab". Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Encyclopedia of the Municipalities of Mexico: Yucatan". Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  3. ^ a b c Census Results by Locality, 2005 INEGI.
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Oxcutzcab, Yucatán". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.

External links[edit]