Oxnard, California

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Oxnard
City
City of Oxnard
Oxnard gateway monument sign.
Oxnard gateway monument sign.
Official logo of Oxnard
Logo
Nickname(s): Gateway to the Channel Islands
Motto: The City that Cares
Location in Ventura County and the state of California
Location in Ventura County and the state of California
Oxnard is located in USA
Oxnard
Oxnard
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 34°11′29″N 119°10′57″W / 34.19139°N 119.18250°W / 34.19139; -119.18250Coordinates: 34°11′29″N 119°10′57″W / 34.19139°N 119.18250°W / 34.19139; -119.18250
Country United States
State California
County Ventura
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Tim Flynn
Bryan A. MacDonald
Carmen Ramirez
Dorina Padilla
Bert Perello
 • City Treasurer Danielle Navas
 • Interim City Attorney Stephen Fischer
 • City Clerk Daniel Martinez
 • Interim City Manager Karen Burnham
Area[1]
 • Total 39.208 sq mi (101.548 km2)
 • Land 26.894 sq mi (69.656 km2)
 • Water 12.314 sq mi (31.893 km2)  31.41%
Elevation 52 ft (16 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 203,585
 • Rank 1st in Ventura County
19th in California
113th in the United States
 • Density 5,200/sq mi (2,000/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 93030-93033-93035-93036
Area code(s) 805
FIPS code 06-54652
GNIS feature ID 1652766
Website cityofoxnard.org

Oxnard /ˈɒksnɑrd/ is a city in the United States, located along the coast of Southern California. It is the 19th most populous city in California and the most populous in Ventura County. The city lies approximately 35 miles west of the Los Angeles city limits, and is part of the larger Greater Los Angeles area. The population of Oxnard is 203,585 as of the 2012 Financial Report.[2] Oxnard is the most populous city in the Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is listed as one of the wealthiest areas in America, with its residents making well above the average national income.[3][4] In 2013, Oxnard was ranked as one of the safest cities in America with violent crime rates well below the national average.[5][6][7]

Incorporated in 1903, it is the most populous city in the Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura metropolitan area. It is located at the western edge of the fertile Oxnard Plain, sitting adjacent to an agricultural center of strawberries and lima beans. Oxnard is also a major transportation hub in Southern California, with Amtrak, Union Pacific, Metrolink, Greyhound, and Intercalifornia stopping in Oxnard. Oxnard also has a small regional airport called Oxnard Airport (OXR).

History[edit]

Downtown Oxnard, early-1900s.

Before the arrival of Europeans, the area that is now Oxnard was inhabited by Chumash Native Americans. The first European to encounter the area was Portuguese explorer João Rodrigues Cabrilho, who claimed it for Spain in 1542. During the mission period, it was serviced by the Mission San Buenaventura, established in 1782.

Ranching began to take hold among Californio settlers, who lost their regional influence when California became a US state in 1850. At about the same time, the area was settled by American farmers, who cultivated barley and lima beans.

Henry T. Oxnard, founder of today's Moorhead, Minnesota-based American Crystal Sugar Company who operated a successful sugar beet factory with his three brothers (Benjamin, James, and Robert) in Chino, California, was enticed to build a $2 million factory on the plain inland from Port Hueneme. Shortly after the 1897 beet campaign, a new town emerged, now commemorated on the National Register of Historic Places as the Henry T. Oxnard Historic District. Oxnard intended to name the settlement after the Greek word for "sugar", zachari, but frustrated by bureaucracy, named it after himself. Given the growth of the town of Oxnard, in the spring of 1898, a railroad station was built to service the plant, which attracted a population of Chinese, Japanese, and Mexican laborers and enough commerce to merit the designation of a town. Ironically, the Oxnard brothers never lived in their namesake city, and they sold both the Chino and the giant red-brick Oxnard factory with its landmark twin smokestacks in 1899 for nearly $4 million. The Oxnard factory operated from August 19, 1899 until October 26, 1959. Factory operations were interrupted in the Oxnard Strike of 1903.

Oxnard, 1908. The public library is at the right.

Oxnard was incorporated as a California city on June 30, 1903, and the public library was opened in 1907. Prior to and during World War II, the naval bases of Point Mugu and Port Hueneme were established in the area to take advantage of the only major navigable port on California's coast between the Port of Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay, and the bases in turn encouraged the development of the defense-based aerospace and communications industries.

In the mid-20th century Oxnard grew and developed the areas outside the downtown with homes, industry, retail, and a new harbor named Channel Islands Harbor. Martin V. ("Bud") Smith (1916–2001) became the most influential developer in the history of Oxnard during this time. Smith's first enterprise in 1941 was the Colonial House Restaurant (demolished 1988) and then the Wagon Wheel Junction in 1947, (demolished 2011).[8] He was also involved in the development of the high-rise towers at the Topa Financial Plaza, the Channel Islands Harbor, Casa Sirena Resort, the Esplanade Shopping Mall, Fisherman's Wharf, the Carriage Square Shopping Center, the Maritime Museum, and many other major hotel, restaurant and retail projects.[citation needed]

In June 2004, the Oxnard Police Department and the Ventura County Sheriff imposed a gang injunction over a 6.6-square-mile (17 km2) area of the central district of the city, in order to restrict gang activity.[9] The injunction was upheld in the Ventura County Superior Court and made a permanent law in 2005. A similar injunction was imposed in September, 2006 over a 4.26-square-mile (11.0 km2) area of the south side of the city.

Geography[edit]

Oxnard is located at 34°11′29″N 119°10′57″W / 34.19139°N 119.18250°W / 34.19139; -119.18250 (34.191292, −119.182497).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.2 square miles (102 km2). 26.9 square miles (70 km2) of it is land and 12.3 square miles (32 km2) of it (31.41%) is water.

Oxnard is located on the Oxnard Plain, an area with fertile soil. With its beaches, dunes, wetlands, creeks and the Santa Clara River, the area contains a number of important biological communities. Native plant communities include: coastal sage scrub, California Annual Grassland, and Coastal Dune Scrub species; however, most native plants have been eliminated from within the city limits to make way for agriculture and urban and industrial development. Also native to the region is the endangered Ventura Marsh Milkvetch, and the last self-sustaining population is in Oxnard in the center of a recently approved high-end housing development.[11]

Climate[edit]

The city is situated in a Mediterranean (dry subtropical) climate zone, experiencing mild and relatively wet winters, and warm, dry summers. Onshore breezes keep the communities of Oxnard cooler in summer and warmer in winter than those further inland. The average mean temperature is 61 °F (16 °C). The average minimum temperature is 52 °F (11 °C) and the average maximum temperature is 69 °F (21 °C). Generally the weather is cool and dry, with 354 days of sunshine annually. The average annual precipitation is 15.62 in (397 mm).[12]

Climate data for Oxnard (Camarillo), California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 66
(19)
66
(19)
66
(19)
67
(19)
68
(20)
70
(21)
73
(23)
74
(23)
74
(23)
73
(23)
70
(21)
66
(19)
69.3
(20.7)
Average low °F (°C) 46
(8)
47
(8)
48
(9)
50
(10)
53
(12)
56
(13)
59
(15)
60
(16)
59
(15)
55
(13)
49
(9)
45
(7)
52.2
(11.2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.43
(87.1)
3.9
(99)
3.03
(77)
0.71
(18)
0.2
(5)
0.04
(1)
0.04
(1)
0.08
(2)
0.35
(8.9)
0.35
(8.9)
1.38
(35.1)
2.13
(54.1)
15.6
(396)
Source: U.S. Climate Data[13]

Geology[edit]

Earthquakes[edit]

Oxnard is subject to earthquakes due to its location near the San Andreas Fault.

One active fault line that transverses Oxnard is the Oak Ridge Fault, which straddles the Santa Clara River Valley westward from the Santa Susana Mountains, crosses the Oxnard Plain through Oxnard, and extends into the Santa Barbara Channel.

The fault has proven to be a significant contributor to seismic activity in the Oxnard region and beyond. The Northridge earthquake, a devastating magnitude 6.7 temblor that occurred on January 17, 1994, is believed to have occurred in the Santa Clarita extension of the Oak Ridge Fault. Landslides and ridge-top shattering resulting from the Northridge earthquake were observed above Moorpark, a city just east of Oxnard.[14]

More minor earthquakes continue to happen in the Oxnard area. An earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 3.2 struck at 9:53 pm centered at four miles (6 km) east-southeast of the city of Oxnard on October 16, 2009. Another earthquake of magnitude 2.9 struck around 11:55 pm on April 28, 2010. Another earthquake of magnitude 3.9 struck around 8:20 pm on May 14, 2010.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[15] reported that Oxnard had a population of 197,899. The population density was 5,047.4 people per square mile (1,948.8/km²). The racial makeup of Oxnard included 95,346 (48.2%) White, 5,771 (2.9%) African American, 2,953 (1.5%) Native American, 14,550 (7.4%) Asian, 658 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 69,527 (35.1%) from other races, and 9,094 (4.6%) from two or more races. In addition, 145,551 people (73.5%) were Hispanic or Latino, of any race. Non-Hispanic Whites were 14.9% of the population in 2010,[16] compared to 42.6% in 1980.[17]

The Census reported that 196,465 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 932 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 502 (0.3%) were institutionalized.

There were 49,797 households, out of which 25,794 (51.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 28,319 (56.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 7,634 (15.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 4,043 (8.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,316 (6.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 395 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 7,090 households (14.2%) were made up of individuals and 2,665 (5.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.95. There were 39,996 families (80.3% of all households); the average family size was 4.20.

The population was spread out with 59,018 people (29.8%) under the age of 18, 23,913 people (12.1%) aged 18 to 24, 57,966 people (29.3%) aged 25 to 44, 40,584 people (20.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 16,418 people (8.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.9 years. For every 100 females there were 103.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males.

There were 52,772 housing units at an average density of 1,346.0 per square mile (519.7/km²), of which 27,760 (55.7%) were owner-occupied, and 22,037 (44.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.7%. 107,482 people (54.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 88,983 people (45.0%) lived in rental housing units.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[18] of 2000, there were 170,358 people, 43,576 households, and 34,947 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,729.7 inhabitants per square mile (2,598.8/km²). There were 45,166 housing units at an average density of 1,784.2 per square mile (689.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 42.1% White, 3.8% African American, 1.3% Native American, 7.4% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 40.4% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. Two-thirds of the population (66.2%) was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 43,576 households out of which 46.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.8% were non-families. 14.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.85 and the average family size was 4.16

In the city the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 104.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $48,603, and the median income for a family was $49,150. Males had a median income of $30,643 versus $25,381 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,288. About 11.4% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Oxnard is driven by international trade, agriculture, manufacturing, defense, and tourism. Oxnard is one of the key manufacturing centers in the Greater Los Angeles Area. The Port of Hueneme is the busiest and only deep-harbor commercial port between Los Angeles and San Francisco, and is vital to trade with the Pacific Rim economies. Companies utilizing the Port include Del Monte Foods, Chiquita, BMW, Land Rover, and Jaguar. Other key industries driving Oxnard's existence include finance, transportation, the high tech industry, and energy, particularly petroleum. Two large active oil fields underlie the city and adjacent areas: the Oxnard Oil Field, east of the city along 5th Street, and the West Montalvo Oil Field along the coast to the west of town. Tenby Inc.'s Oxnard Refinery, on 5th Street east of Del Norte Avenue, processes oil from both fields.

According to the city's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[19] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 St. John's Regional Medical Center 1,994
2 Oxnard Union High School District 1,500
3 Waterway Plastics 1,300
4 City of Oxnard 1,167
5 Haas Automation 996
6 Aluminum Precision Products 700

Some of the major companies headquartered in Oxnard are Haas Automation, Seminis, Raypak, Drum Workshop, Borla Performance,[20] Boss Audio and Robbins Auto Tops[21] Procter & Gamble and Sysco maintain their West Coast operations in Oxnard.

The Dallas Cowboys held their pre-season training camp at River Ridge Field in Oxnard in 2001, 2004–06, 2008–10 and 2012 (the Cowboys trained at California Lutheran University in nearby Thousand Oaks from 1964–89). The Los Angeles Raiders trained at River Ridge in the 1980s and 90s.[22]

Agriculture[edit]

According to the Camarillo General Plan:[23] "The areas studied showed a high percentage of Group I soils, primarily located on the relatively flat Oxnard Plain. The Oxnard Plain, because of these high-quality agricultural soils, coupled with a favorable climate, is considered one of the most fertile areas in the world."

Oxnard has been known for several different crops over the years, including cucumbers, sugar beets, lima beans, Stock (the cut flower), and strawberries. In the years of Oxnard's growth during the 70's and 80's, many farms and ranches were annexed for development, and many new development plans threatened much of the plain's farmland. In 1995, a grassroots effort known as SOAR (Save Open Space and Agricultural Resources) was initiated by farmers, ranchers and citizens of Ventura County in an effort to save the vast agricultural asset of the Oxnard Plain.

Oxnard strawberries[edit]

The Oxnard Plain is well known for its strawberries. According to the USDA, Oxnard is California’s largest strawberry producer, supplying about one-third of the State's annual strawberry volume.[24] From the end of September through the end of October, strawberries are planted and harvesting occurs from mid-December through mid-July in Oxnard. The peak harvesting season in California runs from April through June, when up to 10 million pint baskets of strawberries are shipped daily.[25] The state of California supplies over 85 percent of U.S. strawberries, with the U.S. supplying for a quarter of total world production of strawberries.

California Strawberry Festival[edit]

Each year Oxnard hosts the California Strawberry Festival[26] during the summer at Oxnard College, featuring vendors as well as food items based on the fruit such as strawberry nachos, strawberry pizza, strawberry funnel cake, strawberry sundaes, and strawberry champagne.[27]

Education[edit]

The city of Oxnard is served by 54 public school campuses which provide education to more than 53,000 students in grades K–12. If all Oxnard public school districts were unified into one district, similar to cities such as New York and Los Angeles, it would be the 71st largest school district in the United States.[28]

Elementary and junior high schools[edit]

The city of Oxnard and surrounding communities are served by four different school districts which oversee education for students grades K–8. They are:

  • Hueneme School District: Serves 7,600 students at 11 campuses in South Oxnard, Port Hueneme and Oxnard beach neighborhoods.
  • Oxnard School District:[29] Serves 18,000 students at 21 campuses throughout Oxnard.
  • Oceanview School District:[30] Serves 3,000 students at 6 campuses in South Oxnard.
  • Rio School District:[31] Serves 5,000 students at 8 campuses in North Oxnard and El Rio.

On February 12, 2008 there was a shooting involving students occurred at E.O. Green Junior High School in Oxnard. Larry King was shot in one of the classrooms where he was later taken to St Johns Hospital and died.[32]

High schools[edit]

All public high schools in Oxnard are operated by the Oxnard Union High School District, which provides high school education to 20,000 students at 10 campuses in three cities (Oxnard, Camarillo and Port Hueneme) as well as the unincorporated areas of El Rio, Somis and Channel Islands.

OUHSD oversees Adolfo Camarillo High School, Channel Islands High School, Hueneme High School, Oxnard High School, Pacifica High School and Rio Mesa High School, as well as the continuation high schools Frontier, Oxnard Adult, Pacific View and Puente. Santa Clara High School is a private Catholic high school.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Oxnard is served on the collegiate level by Oxnard College and nearby California State University Channel Islands. Additionally, California Lutheran University, California State University, Northridge, ITT, University of Phoenix, University of California, Santa Barbara, and Azusa Pacific University have satellite campuses in Oxnard.

Neighborhoods[edit]

Map showing Oxnard neighborhoods
Customized street sign in Oxnard. Such designs are used for nearly every street sign in the city.
Surfing at Ormond Beach in 1975
  • Del Norte District
  • Central District/Downtown Oxnard
    • Bartolo Square North
    • Bartolo Square South
    • Cal Giesler
    • Downtown
    • Durley/Kamala Park
    • Five Points Northwest
    • Fremont South
    • Hill Street
    • Hobson Park East
    • Hobson Park West
    • Wilson
  • Northeast District
    • East Village
    • La Colonia
    • Rio Lindo
    • Rose Park
    • West Village
  • Northwest District
  • Southcentral District
    • Blackstock North
    • Blackstock South
    • Bryce Canyon North
    • Bryce Canyon South
    • Cypress
    • Ormond Beach (North)
    • Pleasant Valley Estates
    • Pleasant Valley Village
    • Redwood
    • Southwinds
  • Southeast District
    • Diamond Bar
    • College Estates
    • College Park
    • Lemonwood/Eastmont
    • Mar Vista
    • Ormond Beach (South)
    • Oxnard Pacific
    • Terrace Estates
    • Tierra Vista
    • Villa Capri
  • Southwest District

Beaches[edit]

The city of Oxnard is home to over 20 miles (32 km)[citation needed] of scenic, relatively uncrowded coastline. The beaches in Oxnard are large and the sand is exceptionally soft. The sand dunes in Oxnard, which were once much more extensive, have been used to recreate Middle-Eastern desert dunes in many movies, the first being The Sheik with Rudolph Valentino. There are very few rocks or driftwood piles at most beaches, but Oxnard is known to have dangerous rip-currents at certain beaches.[33][34][35] Oxnard is home to world-class surf at most of its beaches.

Beaches in Oxnard include: Ormond Beach, Silver Strand Beach, Hollywood Beach, Hollywood-By-the-Sea, Mandalay Beach, Oxnard State Beach, Oxnard Shores, 5th Street Beach, Mandalay State Beach, McGrath State Beach and Rivermouth Beach.

Transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

The Ventura Freeway (US 101) is the major highway running through Oxnard, connecting Ventura and Santa Barbara to the northwest, and Los Angeles to the southeast. The Pacific Coast Highway (State Route 1) heads down the coast south to Malibu. And Highway 232 (Vineyard Avenue), heads northeast, providing connections to California State Route 118 to Saticoy and the junction with California State Route 126 which goes to Santa Paula, Fillmore and the Castaic Junction.

Port[edit]

Port Hueneme Beach

The Port of Hueneme is located south of Oxnard in the city of Port Hueneme and is jointly operated by the United States Navy and the Oxnard Harbor District. The port is the only deep water port between the Port of Long Beach and the Port of San Francisco as well as the only military deep water port between San Diego Bay and Puget Sound.

The Port of Hueneme is a shipping and receiving point for a wide variety of resources with destinations in the larger population centers of the Los Angeles Basin. Resources include automobiles, pineapples, and bananas. Agricultural products such as onions, strawberries, and flowers are shipped.

The United States Navy maintains a facility at Port Hueneme, in support of the naval air station at Point Mugu to the south, with which it comprises Naval Base Ventura County. Port Hueneme is the West Coast home of the Naval Construction Force, the "Seabees", as well as a link in the coastal radar system.

Harbor[edit]

Oxnard is home to one harbor: Channel Islands Harbor, with Ventura Harbor located seven miles (11 km) north in adjacent Ventura. Channel Islands Harbor is located on the south shore of Oxnard and is nicknamed the "Gateway to the Channel Islands" because of the high number of operations that sail to the islands out of the harbor. Both harbors are vital fishing industry harbors.

Public Transit[edit]

The Oxnard Transportation Center serves as a major transit hub for the city, as well as the west county.

Rail[edit]

Metrolink 6 round trip trains from Ventura County Line serve the station on the weekdays during peak hours.

Amtrak 10 round trip Pacific Surfliners daily. Amtrak's Coast Starlight, that travels from Los Angeles to Seattle stops twice a day (once going north, once going south), making their only stop in the West Ventura County.

Bus[edit]

Gold Coast Transit, operates local bus service in the city of Oxnard, Port Hueneme, Ventura, and Ojai. Its hub is the Oxnard Transportation Center.[36]

VISTA operates 3 Conejo Connection buses during peak hours, towards the Warner Center Transit Hub in Los Angeles, connecting with the Metro Orange Line. The Conejo Connection does not go to the Oxnard Transportation Center, but instead stops at the Esplanade Shopping Center near Highway 101.[37] VISTA also operates the Coastal Connection through Ventura towards Santa Barbara and Goleta from the Esplanade.[38]

A smaller transfer center sits at the Centerpoint Mall on C Street, which Gold Coast Transit sends most of their South Oxnard and Port Hueneme routes out from. VISTA also operates the Oxnard-CSUCI route that goes to California State University, Channel Islands and Oxnard College from this transfer center.[39]

Culture and the arts[edit]

Oxnard offers several cultural institutions. These include the Carnegie Art Museum, founded in 1907 as the Oxnard Public Library by philanthropist Andrew Carnegie; the Chandler Vintage Museum of Transportation and Wildlife, founded by the late Los Angeles Times publisher Otis Chandler, which housed the largest collection of rare and vintage automobiles in the nation until the contents were auctioned off following Chandler's death in 2006; the Murphy Auto Museum,[40] founded by neurosurgeon Dan Murphy; The Heritage Square, a collection of restored Victorian and Craftsman houses which were once owned by Oxnard’s pioneer families (Heritage Square is also home to the Petit Playhouse[41] and Oxnard’s award-winning Elite Theatre Company);[42] the Channel Islands (Ventura County) Maritime Museum,[43] The Gull Wings Children's Museum,[44] The Henry T. Oxnard Historic District;[45] the Herzog Winery[46] and wine cellar, the nation's largest collection of fine kosher wines; the Seabee Museum and the Oxnard Performing Arts and Convention Center,[47] home to the New West Symphony.[48] It is also home to the award winning Oxnard Independent Film Festival[49] and, since 2010, the annual Channel Islands Tall Ships Festival.[50]

Music[edit]

Hip Hop producer Madlib and bands in the punk "Nardcore" music scene are from Oxnard, including Dr. Know, Agression, Scared Straight, Ill Repute, False Confession, Ten Foot Pole, No Motiv, and Habeas Corpus. The city and neighboring Ventura both maintain a thriving punk music scene to this day, driven by a fusion of both the skater and surfer cultures. Death and Thrash bands, such as Decimus and Hostile, respectively, are also prominent in the region. Oxnard is also home to the annual Oxnard Salsa Festival, which takes place on the last week-end each July. For two days Oxnard hosts both local and international salsa bands in Plaza Park.

Notable people from Oxnard[edit]

Political and cultural[edit]

Business people[edit]

  • Martin V. ("Bud") Smith: Developer and philanthropist. The most significant developer in the Oxnard area. Built the Financial Plaza Towers and financed construction of CSUCI's school of business and economics. His first real estate project was the Wagon Wheel Motel & Restaurant and Wagon Wheel Junction.

Athletes and sportspeople[edit]

In alphabetical order by last name:

Actors[edit]

Authors[edit]

Musicians and entertainers[edit]

Scholars and scientists[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Census". Retrieved November 13, 2011. [dead link]
  2. ^ New York City tops in population; 8 more cities above 1M - The Business Journals
  3. ^ Sauter, Michael B. ; Hess, Alexander E.M.; Weigley, Sam "America's Richest Cities: 24/7 Wall St." Huffington Post: Business. 07 October 2012. This article refers to the entire Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
  4. ^ http://www.techscio.com/the-richest-cities-in-the-us/
  5. ^ Safe Cities In America - Business Insider
  6. ^ City Of Oxnard California | Oxnard Police Department
  7. ^ http://www.city-data.com/income/income-Oxnard-California.html
  8. ^ Clerici, Kevin (2011-03-23). "Demolition begins on Wagon Wheel Motel and Restaurant". Ventura County Star. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  9. ^ http://www.oxnardpd.org/news/newsdetail.asp?NewsID=135
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "National Collection of Imperiled Plants". Centerforplantconservation.org. Retrieved August 14, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Oxnard Climate". NOAA. Retrieved August 14, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Monthly averages for Oxnard (Camarillo), California". Retrieved Feb 28, 2009. 
  14. ^ "MPAcorn.com". MPAcorn.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  15. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  16. ^ "Oxnard (city), California". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. 
  17. ^ "California - Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ "City of Oxnard CAFR" (PDF). Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  20. ^ "Borla.com". Borla.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  21. ^ "Robbinsautotop.com". Robbinsautotop.com. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
  22. ^ [1][dead link]
  23. ^ "City of Camarillo General Plan". [dead link]
  24. ^ [2][dead link]
  25. ^ [3][dead link]
  26. ^ "Strawberry-fest.org". Strawberry-fest.org. Retrieved November 13, 2011. 
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References[edit]

  • Hoad, Patricia; et al. (Spring–Summer 2002). Oxnard at 100, The Ventura County Historical Society Quarterly. Ventura County Museum of History & Art. pp. 6–49. ISSN 0042-3491. 
  • Maulhardt, Jeffrey W. (2005). Oxnard 1941–2004. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 7, 19, 28, 58, 63, 66, 68, 70, 78, 79, 81. ISBN 978-0-7385-2953-0. 
  • Gutleben, Dan, The Oxnard Beet Sugar Factory, Oxnard, California, 1959 – Revised 1960, page 1, Book available at the Oxnard Public Library
  • Mitchell, John, Influential developer Martin 'Bud' Smith dies, Ventura County Star, November 20, 2001
  • Shepherd, Dirk, Save the Wagon Wheel, VC Reporter Newspaper article, Jan 11, 2007 link to article

Further reading[edit]

  • Frank P. Barajas, Curious Unions: Mexican American Workers and Resistance in Oxnard, California, 1898-1961. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2012.

External links[edit]