1-azanaphthalene-8-ol, Fennosan H 30, hydroxybenzopyridine, hoxybenzopyridine, oxychinolin, oxyquinoline, phenopyridine, quinophenol, oxine
A01 D08 R02
|Molar mass||145.16 g/mol|
|Appearance||White crystalline needles|
|Melting point||76 °C (169 °F; 349 K)|
|Boiling point||276 °C (529 °F; 549 K)|
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
|what is: / ?)(|
8-Hydroxyquinoline is an organic compound with the formula C9H7NO. It is a derivative of the heterocycle quinoline by placement of an OH group on carbon number 8. This light yellow compound is widely used commercially, although under a variety of names.
As a chelating agent
8-Hydroxyquinoline is a monoprotic bidentate chelating agent. Related ligands are the Schiff bases derived from salicylaldehyde, such as salicylaldoxime, salen and salicylaldehyde isonicotinoylhydrazone (SIH). In neutral solution, the hydroxyl is in the protonated form (pKa=9.89) and the nitrogen is not protonated (pKa=5.13). However, an excited-state zwitterionic isomer exists in which H+ is transferred from the oxygen (giving an oxygen anion) to the nitrogen (giving a protonated nitrogen cation).
The complexes as well as the heterocycle itself exhibit antiseptic, disinfectant, and pesticide properties, functioning as a transcription inhibitor. Its solution in alcohol is used in liquid bandages. It once was of interest as an anti-cancer drug.
The reaction of 8-hydroxyquinoline with aluminium(III) results in Alq3, a common component of organic light-emitting diodes (OLED's). Variations in the substituents on the quinoline rings affect its luminescence properties.
8-Hydroxyquinoline-functionalized hydrogels devices can be utilized to build photonic nanosensors to quantify the concentrations of lead and copper. The principle of operation of these sensors is based on the chemical modulation of a hydrogel film volume that incorporates a Bragg grating. As the hydrogel swells or shrinks upon chemical stimulation, the Bragg grating changes color and diffracts light at different wavelengths. The diffracted light can be correlated with the concentration of a target analyte.
- Nanjing Odyssey Chemicals
- "8-Hydroxyquinoline Safety Data". Oxford University.[dead link]
- "8-Hydroxyquinoline". PAN Pesticides Database.
- Collin, G.; Höke, H. (2005), "Quinoline and Isoquinoline", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, doi:10.1002/14356007.a22_465
- Albert, A.; Phillips, J. N. (1956). "264. Ionization Constants of Heterocyclic Substances. Part II. Hydroxy-Derivatives of Nitrogenous Six-Membered Ring-Compounds". Journal of the Chemical Society (Resumed) 1956: 1294–1304. doi:10.1039/JR9560001294.
- Bardez, E.; Devol, I.; Larrey, B.; Valeur, B. (1997). "Excited-State Processes in 8-Hydroxyquinoline: Photoinduced Tautomerization and Solvation Effects". The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 101 (39): 7786–7793. doi:10.1021/jp971293u.
- Phillips, J. P. (1956). "The Reactions of 8-Quinolinol". Chemical Reviews 56 (2): 271–297. doi:10.1021/cr50008a003.
- "8-Hydroxyquinoline". Medical Dictionary Online.
- "8-Hydroxyquinoline". Sigma-Aldrich. Retrieved 2012-05-23.
- Shen, A. Y.; Wu, S. N.; Chiu, C. T. (1999). "Synthesis and Cytotoxicity Evaluation of some 8-Hydroxyquinoline Derivatives". Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 51 (5): 543–548. doi:10.1211/0022357991772826. PMID 10411213.
- Katakura, R.; Koide, Y. (2006). "Configuration-Specific Synthesis of the Facial and Meridional Isomers of Tris(8-hydroxyquinolinate)aluminum (Alq3)". Inorganic Chemistry 45 (15): 5730–5732. doi:10.1021/ic060594s.
- Montes, V. A.; Pohl, R.; Shinar, J.; Anzenbacher, P. Jr. (2006). "Effective Manipulation of the Electronic Effects and Its Influence on the Emission of 5-Substituted Tris(8-quinolinolate) Aluminum(III) Complexes". Chemistry - A European Journal 12 (17): 4523–4535. doi:10.1002/chem.200501403.
- Vivanco, J.M.; Bais, H.P.; Stermitz, F.R.; Thelen, G.C.; Callaway, R.M. (2004). "Biogeographical variation in community response to root allelochemistry: novel weapons and exotic invasion". Ecology Letters 7 (4): 285–292. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00576.x.
- Yetisen AK; Montelongo Y; Qasim MM; Butt H; Wilkinson TD; MJ Monteiro; Yun SH (2015). "Photonic Nanosensor for Colorimetric Detection of Metal Ions.". Anal. Chem. doi:10.1021/ac504274q.