Ozark, Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ozark, Alabama
City
Location in Dale County and the state of Alabama
Location in Dale County and the state of Alabama
Coordinates: 31°26′53″N 85°38′31″W / 31.44806°N 85.64194°W / 31.44806; -85.64194
Country United States
State Alabama
County Dale
Incorporated October 27, 1870
Government
 • Type Mayor/City Council
 • Mayor Billy Blackwell
Area
 • Total 34.4 sq mi (89.3 km2)
 • Land 34.09 sq mi (88.7 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 417 ft (127 m)
Population (2013)[1]
 • Total 14,860
 • Density 439.5/sq mi (169.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 36360-36361
Area code(s) 334
FIPS code 01-57648
GNIS feature ID 0152832
Website http://www.ozarkalabama.us/

Ozark is a city in and the county seat of Dale County, Alabama, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 14,907.

Ozark is the principal city of the Ozark Micropolitan Statistical Area, as well as a part of the Dothan-Enterprise-Ozark Combined Statistical Area. Fort Rucker, the primary flight training base for Army Aviation, abuts Ozark.

History[edit]

The Ozark area was originally inhabited by the Muscogee people. It is said that Ozark received its name after a traveler visited and was reminded of the Ozark Mountains in Arkansas.

The first known European settler in Ozark was John Merrick Sr., a veteran of the Revolutionary War, in 1822. In honor of him, the town was named Merricks. It was later changed to Woodshop, which was its name when the town received its post office. The first appearance of the name Ozark was in 1855, when the citizens requested a name change.[2]

The county seat was moved from Newton to Ozark 1870.[2][3]

Ozark is home to three sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places: the Claybank Log Church, the Samuel Lawson Dowling House, and the J. D. Holman House.

Geography[edit]

Ozark is located at 31°26′53″N 85°38′31″W / 31.44806°N 85.64194°W / 31.44806; -85.64194 (31.448169, −85.642009)[4]. It is part of the Wiregrass Region.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 34.5 square miles (89 km2) of which 34.2 square miles (89 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.70%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 512
1890 1,195 133.4%
1900 1,570 31.4%
1910 2,229 42.0%
1920 2,518 13.0%
1930 3,103 23.2%
1940 3,601 16.0%
1950 5,238 45.5%
1960 9,534 82.0%
1970 13,555 42.2%
1980 13,188 −2.7%
1990 12,922 −2.0%
2000 15,119 17.0%
2010 14,907 −1.4%
Est. 2013 14,860 −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2013 Estimate[6]

As of the census of 2000, there were 15,119 people, 6,126 households, and 4,233 families residing in the city. The population density was 441.5 inhabitants per square mile (170.5 /km2). There were 6,955 housing units at an average density of 203.1 per square mile (78.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 68.28% White, 28.30% Black or African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.53% from two or more races. 2.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,126 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,330, and the median income for a family was $38,633. Males had a median income of $30,236 versus $19,564 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,984. About 14.8% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 18.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Ozark is served by the Ozark City Schools. Schools located in the city are Carroll High School (grades 9 through 12), Carroll Career Center (grades 9 through 12), D.A. Smith Middle School (grades 6 through 8), Harry M. Mixon Elementary School (grades 1 through 5), Joseph W. Lisenby Elementary School (grades 1 through 5) and Mamie Thompkins School (Kindergarten).

There are three private schools in Ozark – Harvest Christian School, Dale County Christian School, and Eastgate Christian Academy (all grades K through 12).

Post-secondary education is available at Enterprise State Community College's Alabama Aviation Center at Ozark. Programs are offered in Aviation maintenance technology.

Media[edit]

Radio stations[edit]

Newspaper[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b Watson, Fred Shelton (1968). Forgotten trails: a history of Dale County, Alabama, 1824–1966. Birmingham, Alabama: Banner Press. p. 288. 
  3. ^ Hoskins Morton, Patricia (10 December 2010). "Dale County". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved 1 February 2010. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 7, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°26′53″N 85°38′31″W / 31.448169°N 85.642009°W / 31.448169; -85.642009