Ozbek Han Mosque

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Ozbek Han Mosque
Stary Krym Meczet Chana Uzbeka.jpg
Basic information
Location Staryi Krym
Geographic coordinates 45°01′45″N 35°05′19″E / 45.02917°N 35.08861°E / 45.02917; 35.08861Coordinates: 45°01′45″N 35°05′19″E / 45.02917°N 35.08861°E / 45.02917; 35.08861
Affiliation Islam
Rite Sunni
State Russia/Ukraine[1]
Territory  Crimea
Status Active
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Completed 1314
Specifications
Minaret(s) 1

The Ozbek Han Mosque (Crimean Tatar: Özbek Han camisi) is located in Staryi Krym, Russia/Ukraine[1]. The Ozbek Han Mosque is the oldest mosque in Crimea, built during the reign of Uzbeg Khan in 1314.[2]

History[edit]

Until the 14th century Staryi Krym was known as Solkhat, a prospering city during the reign of the Golden Horde. Early Crimean Khans had their capital in Solkhat until the first part of the 16th century, when the capital was moved to Bakhchisaray, and Solkhat gradually lost its importance as a cultural and economic center.[2]

Madrasah of Eski Kirim(1332) next to Ozbek Han Mosque

The Ozbek Han Mosque was built in 1314 and the madrasah, adjacent to the southern wall of the mosque, was built by Inci Hatun, daughter of Kilburun Bey, in 1332. Only the ruins of the madrasah remain today. The mosque has a square floor plan, which reveals architectural features similar to those found in Anatolia during the Seljuk period. A unique feature of the mosque is its monumental entrance with a carved wooden door.[2]

Today, Staryi Krym has a small but devoted Crimean Tatar population, and the Ozbek Han Mosque is once again functioning as a place of worship.

Photos[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b This place is located on the Crimean Peninsula, most of which is the subject of a territorial dispute between Russia and Ukraine. According to the political division of Russia, located on the peninsula are the federal subjects of the Russian Federation (the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol). According to the administrative-territorial division of Ukraine, located on the peninsula are the Ukrainian divisions (the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city with special status of Sevastopol).
  2. ^ a b c "Crimean Tatar Architecture". International Committee for Crimea. Retrieved 2011-02-20.