Pärnu methanol tragedy

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The Pärnu methanol tragedy (Estonian: Pärnu metanoolitragöödia) was an incident in Pärnu county, Estonia on September 9,[1][2] 2001 and following days that led to death of 68 people, very severe disability (including blindness or brain damage) to 40 people, and severe disability to 3 people.[3]

On the night of 6 September 2001, ten 200-litre canisters of methanol, totalling 1.6 metric tonnes, were stolen from Baltfet (a company processing industrial fats, esters and animal feed) by Deniss Pletškin, a former employee and Robert Petrov, a current employee, on order of Sergei Maistrišin. In order to cover up the theft, Petrov later replaced the stolen canisters with empty canisters. Maistrišin proceeded to sell the stolen methanol to Aleksandr Sobolev, a known smuggler, for 76,000 krooni, claiming that it was technical spirit (i.e., laboratory-grade neutral spirit). Sobolev mixed the liquid with water and lemon flavouring agents at about 30% by volume, bottled the resulting liquid, attached fake labels of various well-known brands, and distributed it through an underground network. Hundreds of people ended up drinking the resulting product, thinking it was vodka, and acquired methanol poisoning.

Maistrišin ended up convicted and sentenced to five years of imprisonment, Sobolev was sentenced to 2.5 years of imprisonment. Six other accomplices were given brief custodial sentences; about a dozen were sentenced to time served. The unexpectedly lenient sentencing aroused considerable discussion in Estonian public arena, and led to decline in underground alcohol sales.