Péligre Dam

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Péligre Dam
Lac Peligre Haiti.jpg
Lake Péligre
Péligre Dam is located in Haiti
Péligre Dam
Location of Péligre Dam
Country Haiti
Location Centre Department
Coordinates 18°54′02.85″N 72°02′21.96″W / 18.9007917°N 72.0394333°W / 18.9007917; -72.0394333Coordinates: 18°54′02.85″N 72°02′21.96″W / 18.9007917°N 72.0394333°W / 18.9007917; -72.0394333
Purpose Power, flood control
Status Operational
Construction began 1953
Opening date 1956; 58 years ago (1956)
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Gravity
Impounds Artibonite River
Height 72 m (236 ft)
Reservoir
Creates Lake Péligre
Total capacity 297,000,000 m3 (241,000 acre·ft)
Active capacity 249,000,000 m3 (202,000 acre·ft)
Catchment area 6,480 km2 (2,500 sq mi)
Power station
Operator(s) Electricite d'Haiti
Commission date 1971
Turbines 3 x 17 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity 51 MW

The Péligre Dam is a gravity dam located off the Centre Department on the Artibonite River of Haiti. At 72 m (236 ft), it is the tallest dam in Haiti.

The dam was created as a flood-control and an energy-providing measure in the Artibonite river valley as part of the Artibonite Valley Agricultural Project in the 1930s. The dam was completed in 1956 by the US Army Corps of Engineers and Brown & Root thus creating Lake Péligre (essentially a large reservoir) in the process. The Peligre Hydroelectric Plant and its consequent operation was completed in 1971. The plant situated on the dam provides the country with most of its needed electricity.[1]

Recently, spanning over the last few decades, a rapid rate of silt deposition has occurred in the Peligre Reservoir reducing the energy producing capability of the reservoir. The sedimentation is in large part due to the deforestation that has been plaguing the country over the years.[2]

The power plant contains three 17 MW Francis turbine-generators for an installed capacity of 51 MW. The dam and power plant were damaged during the 2010 Haiti earthquake. In December 2010 international organization organized a US$48.8 million rehabilitation of the power station and dam.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Peligre Hydroelectric Dam". HaitiMega. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Sedimentation Study of Peligre Reservoir, Haiti". GLM Engineering. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Hydroelectric Plants in Haiti". IndustCards. Retrieved 24 April 2014.