Péribonka, Quebec

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This article is about the municipality in Quebec. For the river, see Peribonka River.
Péribonka
Municipality
Péribonka.jpg
Location of Péribonka
Péribonka is located in Lac-Saint-Jean Quebec
Péribonka
Péribonka
Location in Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°46′N 72°03′W / 48.767°N 72.050°W / 48.767; -72.050Coordinates: 48°46′N 72°03′W / 48.767°N 72.050°W / 48.767; -72.050[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean
RCM Maria-Chapdelaine
Settled 1888
Constituted September 19, 1908
Government[2]
 • Mayor Gilbert Goulet
 • Federal riding Roberval—Lac-Saint-Jean
 • Prov. riding Roberval
Area[2][3]
 • Total 129.10 km2 (49.85 sq mi)
 • Land 110.29 km2 (42.58 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 464
 • Density 4.2/km2 (11/sq mi)
 • Pop (2006–11) Decrease 14.2%
 • Dwellings 308
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0W 2G0
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Website www.municipalite-peribonka.com

Péribonka is a municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec, located in the Maria-Chapdelaine Regional County Municipality. It is situated at the mouth of the Peribonka River where it forms a bay on the north shore of Lac Saint-Jean.

Louis Hémon (1880-1913), a French writer, spent several months in Péribonka in 1912 during which he prepared the notes for his famous novel, Maria Chapdelaine.

Peribonka comes from the Innu word periwanga (or possibly from pelipaukau), meaning "river digging in/removing the sand", from the roots per or pen, "to remove", and anga, meaning "sand".[1]

History[edit]

In 1673, Jesuits François de Crespieul and Charles Albanel visited the place. But a village did not form until 1888 when the families of Édouard Niquet (or Niquette) and Édouard Milot arrived. Niquet had been sent there by Antoine Labelle, then Deputy Minister of Colonization of Quebec. A significant impetus to colonization came in 1897 with the founding of the Colonization and Repatriation Society of Quebec and Lac Saint-Jean, organization that encouraged the establishment of settlers and the repatriation of French-Canadian families exiled in the United States. The Peribonka Post Office opened in 1898.[1][4]

Amédée Robitaille established the Peribonka Pulp Company which led to the founding of the municipality of Saint-Amédée in 1902. The following year, the Parish of Saint-Édouard-de-Peribonka was formed and named after Édouard Niquet and the adjacent river, that first got its name back in 1679. In 1909, the Municipality of Péribonka was founded by separating a portion of Saint-Amédée's territory. But in 1926, Saint-Amédée was completely annexed by Péribonka.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Population trend:[5]

  • Population in 2011: 464 (2006 to 2011 population change: -14.2 %)
  • Population in 2006: 541
  • Population in 2001: 538
  • Population in 1996: 588
  • Population in 1991: 635

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 202 (total dwellings: 308)

Mother tongue:[6]

  • English as first language: 0%
  • French as first language: 98.1%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 1.9%

Notable natives and residents[edit]

House of Louis Hémon

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Péribonka (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-11-12. 
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire - Répertoire des municipalités: Péribonka
  3. ^ a b "Péribonka census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-11-11. 
  4. ^ "L'histoire de Péribonka" (in French). Municipalité de Péribonka. Retrieved 2010-11-12. 
  5. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  6. ^ "Péribonka community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-11-11.