Peter Leko

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Peter Leko
PeterLeko13a.jpg
Full name Peter Leko
Country Hungary
Born (1979-09-08) September 8, 1979 (age 35)
Subotica, Yugoslavia
(now Serbia)
Title Grandmaster
FIDE rating 2723 (December 2014)
(No. 21 in the September 2014
FIDE World Rankings)
Peak rating 2763 (April 2005)
The native form of this personal name is Lékó Péter. This article uses the Western name order.

Peter Leko (Serbian: Петер Леко; born September 8, 1979 in Subotica, Yugoslavia) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster. He became the world's youngest grandmaster in 1994. He was the challenger in the Classical World Chess Championship 2004 and tied Vladimir Kramnik 7–7, with Kramnik retaining the title.

He won tournaments at Dortmund, Linares, Wijk aan Zee and Tal Memorial completing a career "Grand Slam" of major tournaments. He has also won two team silver medals and an individual gold medal representing Hungary at eight Chess Olympiads.

His highest FIDE world ranking was number four, first achieved in April 2003.[1] Leko is the son-in-law of Armenian grandmaster Arshak Petrosian.

Early years[edit]

Peter Leko was born in the city of Subotica, Yugoslavia but moved to Szeged at age one. He was taught chess by his father shortly before he turned seven and took part in tournaments from the age of nine.[2][3] His first coach Tibor Karolyi began work with him in 1989, ending three months before Leko became a grandmaster. They later reunited in 1998 until the end of 2000.[4] Leko also worked with International Master Gaspar Mathe at ten years old.

Leko-Tihonov 1992

As a junior player, Leko competed in various sections of the World Youth Chess Championship, achieving bronze in the U-10s in 1989, bronze in the U-12s in 1990, placing fourth in the U-14s in 1992, silver in the U-14s in 1993 and winning gold in the U-16s in 1994.

In 1992, Leko reached the title of International Master and in 1994 achieved the title of Grandmaster at the age of 14 years 4 months 22 days, at the time the youngest to have done so, breaking the record previously held by Judit Polgar.[5]

Rising to the top[edit]

In 1995, Leko was invited to the prestigious Dortmund Sparkassen Chess Meeting where sharing third place (5/9) with Vassily Ivanchuk [6] began a string of strong tournament performances winning in Copenhagen (8/11), fourth place in Vienna (5/9), third place in Cacak (6/9) in 1996, winning in Cienfuegos (5/9) and Yopal (6.5/9) [7] and fourth place at the traditional Tilburg chess tournament in 1997 (7/11) establishing him as a rising star.

Leko analyses with Karpov, Dortmund 1999

Leko continued his rise up the rankings with second place (7/11) behind Viswanathan Anand at Tilburg in 1998, fourth place (5/9) in Dortmund and fourth place (6.5/14) at Linares in early 1999. Leko's run of form culminated in achieving his first major tournament win (5/7) at Dortmund, half a point ahead of Vladimir Kramnik. It was at this tournament that he met his future wife, Sofia.

He made his first entry into World Championship tournaments at the FIDE World Chess Championship 1999 held in Las Vegas, defeating Christian Bauer 1.5-0.5 but losing to eventual quarter-finalist Sergei Movsesian after rapid tiebreaks 2.5-1.5. In January 2000, Leko faced the winner, FIDE World Champion Alexander Khalifman in a six-game match held in Budapest, which he won 4.5-1.5.

Leko followed up his victory by sharing second place (8/13) with Kramnik and Anand at Corus behind a dominant Garry Kasparov, sharing last place (4.5/10) at Linares and sharing second place (5/8) with Kramnik at Dortmund. At the FIDE World Chess Championship 2000 held in New Delhi (rounds 1-6) and Tehran (final), Leko was knocked out in the third round by Khalifman (4.5-3.5) after "sudden death" tiebreaks.

In 2001, Leko posted solid results in Corus (6.5/13), Linares (4.5/10), third place in Dortmund (5.5/10) and winning an eight game Chess 960 (Fischer Random Chess) match against Michael Adams at Mainz.[8] The year was rounded off with an early exit in the second round of the FIDE World Chess Championship 2002, held in Moscow, at the hands of Ashot Anastasian (2.5-1.5) after rapid tiebreaks.

Leko started 2002 solidly with a sixth place finish (7/13) at Corus, sharing third place (4.5/9) in the NAO Masters held in Cannes and second place (7/9) at Essen behind Vadim Zvjaginsev.

Classical World Championship Challenger[edit]

Under the terms of the Prague Agreement signed in May 2002, "The Dortmund winner will play the Classical World Chess Champion Vladimir Kramnik and the present FIDE World Champion Ruslan Ponomariov will play Garry Kasparov, the current World's number one rated player".[9]

The Dortmund Chess Meeting was held in June 2002 with the format a two stage event, with two-four player groups played as double round robins, with the two top players from each group progressing to a knockout stage determining the winner.[10]

Leko qualified comfortably from the B Group in second place to Evgeny Bareev and faced Alexei Shirov in a four game match. This ended early with the score 2.5-0.5 in Leko's favour. In the final of the Tournament Leko met Veselin Topalov, who had been in good form in the run up to the tournament but had a draining match which had gone to tiebreaks against Bareev in the semi-finals. The match was won by Leko 2.5-1.5, ensuring he became the official challenger to Vladimir Kramnik for the Classical World Chess Championship 2004.[11]

His Candidates triumph was followed up by leading the Hungarian team on board one to team silver in the 35th Chess Olympiad with an unbeaten run, along with sharing first (7/12) at Linares in early 2003 with Kramnik, half a point ahead of Anand and Kasparov, notably ending a ten super-tournament winning streak by Kasparov.[12] This was shortly followed up by second place at the 12th Amber Melody tournament (Blind 6/11, Rapid 7.5/11) a point behind Anand,[13][14] and a solid result (5/9) in Budapest.[15] At Dortmund, Leko disappointed with 4/10, considered to be due to the difficulties regarding the organising of the match with Kramnik.

2004 started brightly for Leko with shared second place (8/13) with Adams in Corus, half a point behind Anand and sharing second place (6.5/12) with Kasparov in Linares, half a point behind Kramnik. He competed as part of an Armenia vs Rest of the World match, scoring 4/6 and finished in fourth place in Dortmund (held in the same format as the Candidates Tournament in 2002 but with play-offs for final positions).[16]

Classical World Championship Match[edit]

After several delays due to the collapse of the Einstein Group, who were originally to have organised the match,[17][18][19][20] Leko contested the Classical World Chess Championship 2004 held from September 25 to October 18, 2004, in Brissago, Switzerland. Leko was helped by Vladimir Akopian, Arshak Petrosian and Vladislav Tkachiev.[21]

In a match containing six games agreed as drawn before 25 moves, Leko lost the first game in dramatic fashion - despite placing Kramnik's Petroff Defence under pressure - after making a blunder in an unbalanced endgame where his Queen was slowly outmanoeuvred by Kramnik's pair of Rooks.[22] Then followed two short draws and a hard-fought draw in Game 4 where Leko over-pressed with Black in a Ruy Lopez opening but Kramnik failed to take advantage of an extra pawn in the rook endgame.[23]

Leko equalised the match score in Game 5 after switching his White opening from 1.e4 to 1.d4 playing a Queen's Gambit Declined line that Kramnik was familiar with. Kramnik allowed himself to enter a Rook and Bishop endgame a pawn down but with the likely result a draw. Leko used his pawns to press through the centre. Kramnik believed he could construct a fortress and save a draw but Leko managed to find a way to convert the win.[24][25] In game six, a short draw was agreed after Kramnik declined a pawn sacrifice. In game seven, Leko was suprised by an unusual move order in the opening and simplified the position leading to a draw soon after, closing out the first half of the match with the score 3.5-3.5.

Kramnik–Leko, Game Eight
a b c d e f g h
8
Chessboard480.svg
g8 black king
f7 black pawn
h7 black pawn
a6 white pawn
c6 black pawn
d6 black bishop
f6 black knight
g5 black pawn
d4 white pawn
b3 white bishop
c3 white pawn
d3 black queen
f3 white pawn
g3 white pawn
b2 white pawn
d2 white knight
e2 black bishop
f2 white king
h2 white pawn
a1 white rook
c1 white bishop
8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
a b c d e f g h
Kramnik's preparation was refuted by Leko's sacrificial combination 26...Bxf3 27.Nxf3 Ne4 28.Ke1 Nxc3 29.bxc3 Qxc3+ 30.Kf2 Qxa1 31.a7 h6 32.h4 g4 White Resigns 0-1

In Game 8, Leko scored an important win, taking the match lead for the first time. For the first time Kramnik allowed Leko to play the aggressive Marshall Attack variation of the Ruy Lopez. Kramnik played a queen sacrifice and continuation which his team had believed via computer analysis to be fine for him. However, Leko exploited a hole in the preparation and by sacrificing material created a decisive advantage.[26][27]

Between two shorts draws in Game 9 and 11, notable for Kramnik's change of opening with Black to Queen's Indian Defence, Game 10 saw Leko eventually finding a successful defence to Kramnik's opening advantage. That was enough to persuade Leko to change his opening with Black to the Caro-Kann for Game 12. Kramnik pressed but Leko found enough counterplay to repel him and secure a draw.

In the penultimate Game 13, in search of a win, Kramnik switched opening again with Black to the dynamic Benoni Defence and launched a kingside attack in the middlegame while Leko's pieces were on the queenside. Leko managed to liquidate the position to a tense Rook and pawn endgame where Leko's precise defence nullified Kramnik's advantage, leading to a draw.

In a dramatic final game, with Leko needing only a draw to secure the Championship, Kramnik chose the Advance variation against Leko's Caro-Kann and placed immediate pressure on Leko using a line played during the Tal-Botvinnik World Championship Match of 1961. Leko's plan to exchange off White's pieces and form a fortress did not work and Kramnik was able to break through the Black position. Leko resigned when checkmate was threatened. Under the rules of the match, with the score tied 7-7, Kramnik retained his title as "Classical" World Champion and would move on to an eventual Reunification match against Veselin Topalov in 2006.

Career after Brissago[edit]

Despite the match loss, Leko maintained a high level in 2005, winning the Corus tournament with 8.5/13. [28]and finishing fourth at Linares (6/12). After taking a break, Leko attended the first Miskolc Rapid match against World No.7 Michael Adams in which Leko lost the first three games, won the next three and drew out the remaining two, ending the match 4-4.[29] A 4/9 at Dortmund[30] was followed by competing for the FIDE World Chess Championship title in San Luis, Argentina having qualified as most recent "Classical" challenger, finishing fifth with 6.5/14. For more information, see FIDE World Chess Championship 2005.

In 2006, Leko scored solid results at Corus (tied 7th, 6.5/14), Morelia-Linares (fifth, 7.5/14), a 4.5-3.5 win in the Miskolc Rapid match against Anatoly Karpov,[31] Dortmund (tied third, 4/7) and in sharing first place with 5.5/9 at the inaugural Tal Memorial, he completed a career "Grand Slam" of major tournament victories at Dortmund, Linares, Corus and Tal Memorial. The next year, Leko struggled at Morelia-Linares tying for last place and lost the Miskolc Rapid match 4.5-3.5 against Vladimir Kramnik soon after.[32]

Leko regained his form for the Candidates Matches held between 26th May and 13th June, held to select 4 players for the World Chess Championship 2007. The format was held as a 16-player two-round knockout tournament with each match best of six games. He comfortably won his matches against Mikhail Gurevich (+3−0=1) and Evgeny Bareev (+2−0=3), to qualify for the eight-player championship tournament. A few months later, he won the ACP World Rapid Chess Cup.[33] Shortly after the World Chess Championship 2007 was held in Mexico City from 12-30 September as an 8-player double round robin. Leko finished in fourth place with 7/14 and rounded off the year tying for third place (4.5/9) at the Tal Memorial.

Peter Leko 2009

In 2008, Leko tied for fifth in a strong field at Corus with 7/13 but tied for last place in Morelia-Linares with 5.5/14 and lost a Miskolc Rapid match 3.5-4.5 against 17 year old Magnus Carlsen,[34] but rebounded 4 months later with his third victory at Dortmund (after 1999 and 2002) with 4.5/7,[35] sixth place (4.5/9) in a tough field at the Tal Memorial and securing individual gold on board 1 at the 38th Chess Olympiad held in Dresden.[36]

Leko took part in the FIDE Grand Prix 2008-2010 which selected two players for the 2011 Candidates Tournament, electing to play in the four later tournaments in the 6-tournament cycle. In Elista, Russia,[37] he shared fifth place with 6.5/13, in Nalchik shared second with 7.5/13,[38] shared fourth at Jermuk with 7.5/13 and shared seventh place at Astrakhan with 6.5/13.[39][40] With his weakest result at Astrakhan not counting towards his points tally, he finished in seventh place overall with 320 points, the highest final placing of a player who did not win an event. As he did not take part in the World Cup held in 2011, Leko did not progress to the Candidates Tournament.

Aside from the FIDE Grand Prix cycle, 2009 saw Leko lose a Miskolc Rapid match 3-5 against Viswanathan Anand,[41] tie for second place with Magnus Carlsen and Dmitry Jakovenko with 5.5/10 in a very strong Dortmund and finished in fourth place in Nanjing, China. He struggled at the Tal Memorial of 2009 scoring 3/9, broke even at Corus 2010 with 6.5/13, lost what would be the final Miskolc Rapid match 3.5-4.5 against Boris Gelfand and came bottom of the Dortmund field with 4/10.[42] After representing Hungary in the 39th Chess Olympiad in September he took several months away from chess.

He made his return to chess at the World Team Chess Championship held in Ningbo, China in July 2011 with an undefeated 5.5/9 on board 1.[43] This was followed up by a shock first round exit from the Chess World Cup 2011 against Sam Shankland and a third place finish at the Saratov Governor's Cup.[44][45] The year was rounded off with 5.5/9 at the European Team Championships held in Halkidiki, Greece.

Naiditsch-Leko, Dortmund 2012

In April 2012, Leko scored 4/6 for Moscow's SHSM-64 team at the Russian Team Championships then came second with 5/7 at Sigeman & Co Tournament, half a point behind Fabiano Caruana.[46] At Dortmund, Leko shared third place with Kramnik, Naiditsch and Ruslan Ponomariov, scoring 5.5/9 and narrowly missed a win against tournament winner Caruana, followed up by scoring 5.5/10 at the 40th Chess Olympiad held in Istanbul.

In September 2012 he entered the FIDE Grand Prix 2012-13 as a nominee of AGON, who owned the rights to the World Championship cycle. At the first event, held in London, he finished in fifth place with an undefeated 6/11 and at the Tashkent event tied for seventh with a solid 5.5/11 a month later. In April 2013 at the Zug event, he shared seventh place with Sergey Karjakin and Anish Giri scoring 5/11. After skipping the event held in Thessaloniki during the next month, he tied for third place with eventual series winner Veselin Topalov at the fifth event held in Beijing, scoring 6/11.[47] Having completed his four tournaments in the cycle, Leko did not take part in the sixth and final event and finished the Grand Prix cycle in 13th place with 230 points (the result in Zug not counting towards his points tally).

Outside of the Grand Prix cycle, Leko helped the SHSM team secure third place at the European Chess Club Cup held in Eliat, Israel in October 2012, with a score of 3/6. Leko also took part in the World Mind Games finishing seventh with 3.5/7 in the Rapid section and 6.5/15 in the Blitz. He placed a strong fifth place at the Tata Steel Chess (formerly Corus) event in January 2013 with 7.5/13. In April, he scored 3/6 for Ugra in the Russian Team Championships and in July, shared third with 4.5/9 at Dortmund with Naiditsch.[48] Leko tied for third with 5/9 at the Sherbank Rapid held in Kiev in June. In August 2013, Leko was knocked out of the FIDE World Cup 2013 in the second round 0.5-1.5 by Julio Granda, followed by scoring 4.5/7 for sixth-placed Ugra at the European Club Cup held in Rhodes in October.

Leko finished the year at the World Mind Games with tied first in the Rapid section (losing out on head-to-head tiebreak) but tired with a 16th placed 11/30 in the Blitz section. In April 2014, Leko played in the Russian Team Championships for Malachite scoring 5/7, in July tied for second with 4/7 at Dortmund with Georg Meier and contributed to a team silver medal at the 41st Chess Olympiad with 5/10.

Team chess results[edit]

Leko first represented Hungary aged 15 years and two months at the 31st Chess Olympiad, going on to make seven more appearances at the Chess Olympiad, winning two team silvers and an individual gold, as follows:[49][50]

Olympiad Individual result Team result
Moscow 1994 6.5/10 (11th) 8th
Yerevan 1996 7/12 (33rd) 18th
Istanbul 2000 7.5/12 (20th) 4th
Bled 2002 6/11 (48th) Silver
Dresden 2008 7.5/10 (Gold) 8th
Khanty-Mansiysk 2010 4.5/10 (23rd) 4th
Istanbul 2012 5.5/10 (17th) 9th
Tromso 2014 5/10 Silver

Leko also took part in numerous Team Chess Championships, both at World and European level (notably debuting at Debrecen in 1992 at the age of 13 years 2 months), with results as follows:

Event Individual result Team result
10th ETCC, Debrecen 1992 5/9 (13th) 5th
12th ETCC, Batumi 1999 6/9 (Silver) Silver
5th WTCC, Yerevan 2001 3/7 (7th) 5th
18th ETCC, Halkidiki 2011 5.5/9 (10th) Bronze
8th WTCC, Ningbo 2011 5.5/9 (5th) 5th

Playing style[edit]

Peter Leko is known for playing in a solid and steady manner, avoiding risks.[51] In his words, "I like to play in a “clean and clear” way, and I am definitely not the type of guy who takes unnecessary risks. I believe much more in the logic of our game rather than gambling on your opponent's nerves." Despite criticism that his style leads to drawish chess, his consistent style has seen him remain in the elite since he was a teenager and win multiple elite-level tournaments.

Leko has acted as a second in World Championship matches (for Anand vs Karpov in Lausanne 1997,[52] for Kramnik vs Anand in Bonn 2008,[53] for Anand vs Carlsen in Chennai 2013)[54] due to his theoretical understanding in the openings phase of the game.

Sample game[edit]

Anand–Leko, 2005
a b c d e f g h
8
Chessboard480.svg
f8 black rook
g8 black king
a7 white rook
b7 black bishop
e7 black rook
g7 black bishop
h7 black pawn
a6 white bishop
d6 black queen
e5 black pawn
b4 white knight
d4 black pawn
f4 black pawn
c3 white pawn
b2 white pawn
f2 white pawn
g2 white pawn
h2 white pawn
d1 white queen
f1 white rook
g1 white king
8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
a b c d e f g h
Position after 26.Ba6? Leko (Black) punishes Anand's erroneous 26th move with a strong combination.

On the way to winning the prestigious Corus chess tournament in 2005, Leko defeated Grandmaster Viswanathan Anand with the black pieces. The moves were:

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 e5 6. Ndb5 d6 7. Bg5 a6 8. Na3 b5 9. Bxf6 gxf6 10. Nd5 f5 11. c3 Bg7 12. exf5 Bxf5 13. Nc2 0-0 14. Nce3 Be6 15. Bd3 f5 16. 0-0 Ra7 17. a4 Ne7 18. Nxe7+ Rxe7 19. axb5 axb5 20. Bxb5 d5 21. Ra6 f4 22. Nc2 Bc8 23. Ra8 Qd6 24. Nb4 Bb7 25. Ra7 d4 26. Ba6? (see diagram)

Better was 26.Bc6 Bxc6 27.Rxe7 Qxe7 28.Nxc6 with approximate equality.

26... Bxg2! 27. Bc4+ Kh8 28. Ra6 Qc5 29. Kxg2 f3+ 30. Kh1 Qxc4 31. Rc6 Qb5 32. Rd6 e4 33. Rxd4 Bxd4 34. Qxd4+ Qe5 35. Qxe5+ Rxe5 36. Nc2 Rb8 37. Ne3 Rc5 38. h3 Rxb2 39. c4 Rg5 40. Kh2 Kg8 41. h4 Rg6 42. Kh3 Kf7 43. Nf5 Rc2 44. Ne3 Rd2 45. c5 Ke6 46. c6 Rg8 47. c7 Rc8 48. Kg3 Rxc7 49. Kf4 Rd4 50. Ra1 Rf7+ 51. Kg3 Rd8 52. Ra6+ Ke5 53. Ng4+ Kd5 54. Nf6+ Rxf6 55. Rxf6 Ke5 56. Rh6 Rg8+ 57. Kh3 e3 0–1

References[edit]

  1. ^ FIDE World Rankings April 2003 FIDE Accessed 6 September 2014
  2. ^ The Young Lions, Yosef Vatnikov. Accessed 23 August 2014
  3. ^ "I'm not the kind who takes unnecessary risks" Chessbase.com Accessed 23 August 2014.
  4. ^ "I'm ready to work towards my goals step by step" Reocities.com Accessed 23 August 2014
  5. ^ Prodigies and mini-grandmasters Chessbase Accessed 23 August 2014
  6. ^ Dortmund 1995 Teleschach.de Accessed 24 August 2014
  7. ^ Yopal 1997 Chessgames.com Accessed 24 August 2014
  8. ^ Chess Classic Mainz 2001:Fischer Random Chess ChessTigers.org Accessed 25 August 2014
  9. ^ Peace in our time Chessbase Accessed 14 September 2014
  10. ^ Dortmund hosts world championship qualifier Chessbase Accessed 29 August 2014
  11. ^ Leko is Kramnik's challenger Sportstar Accessed 30 August 2014
  12. ^ Kramnik-Leko Anand Kasparov Draw, Leko Takes Title Chessbase Accessed 30 August 2014
  13. ^ Anand wins the 12th Amber tournament Chessbase Accessed 30 August 2014
  14. ^ Amber 2003 Chess.GR Accessed 30 August 2014
  15. ^ Nigel Short, new Hungarian champion? Chessbase Accessed 30 August 2014
  16. ^ Dortmund concludes:Vishy Anand Victorious Chessbase Accessed 30 August 2014
  17. ^ So what's going to happen now? Chessbase Accessed 6 September 2014
  18. ^ Kramnik vs Leko in jeopardy Chessbase Accessed 6 September 2014
  19. ^ Einstein goes into administration Chessbase Accessed 6 September 2014
  20. ^ Kramnik on the world chess situation Chessbase Accessed 6 September 2014
  21. ^ Classical World Championship 2004 Chess Siberia Accessed 31 August 2014
  22. ^ Kramnik wins first game with black Chessbase Accessed 6 September 2014
  23. ^ Dannemann: a bungy jump in Brissago Chessbase Accessed 15 September 2014
  24. ^ Leko catches up Chessbase Accessed 6 September 2014
  25. ^ Leko Finally Breaks Through With an Opening Surprise New York Times (Robert Byrne) Published 10 October 2004
  26. ^ Game 8: Leko wins to take the lead Chessbase Accessed 6 September 2014
  27. ^ Leko springs a surprise on Kramnik the Telegraph (Malcolm Pein) Published 8 October 2004
  28. ^ Peter Leko wins Wijk aan Zee 2005 Chessbase Accessed 3 September 2014
  29. ^ Leko vs Adams drawn 4-4 Chessbase Accessed 10 September 2014
  30. ^ Arkadij Naiditsch wins Super-GM Accessed 3 September 2014
  31. ^ Leko beats Karpov 4.5:3.5 Chessbase Accessed 11 September 2014
  32. ^ Kramnik wins rapid chess match by 3.5 4.5 Chessbase Accessed 10 September 2014
  33. ^ Peter Leko wins first ACP World Rapid Chess Cup Chessbase Accessed 7 September 2014
  34. ^ Miskolc: Carlsen wins the rapid chess match 5-3 Chessbase Accessed 10 September 2014
  35. ^ R7- Leko wins Sparkassen Meeting Chessbase Accessed 14 September 2014
  36. ^ Ivanchuk wins by a full point Chessbase Accessed 13 September 2014
  37. ^ FIDE Elista Grand Prix 2008 Chessbase Accessed 14 September 2014
  38. ^ FIDE Nalchik Grand Prix 2008 Chessbase 14 September 2014
  39. ^ FIDE Jermuk Grand Prix 2008 Chessbase Accessed 14 September 2008
  40. ^ Eljanov wins final GP, Radjabov qualifies for Candidates Chessvibes Accessed 14 September 2014
  41. ^ Anand wins rapid match 5-3 Chessbase 10 September 2014
  42. ^ Gelfand beats Leko 4.5:3.5 Chessbase Accessed 10 September 2014
  43. ^ Leko explains his break from chess Chess In Translation published 28 August 2011
  44. ^ Sam Shankland eliminates Peter Leko from World Cup The Week In Chess published 29 August 2011
  45. ^ Alexander Morozevich Impressive in Saratov Chessdom.com Accessed 9 September 2014
  46. ^ 20th Sigeman & Co Malmo 2012 The Week In Chess Accessed 11 September 2014
  47. ^ Beijing GP: Mamedyarov wins, 2847 performance Chessbase Accessed 11 September 2014
  48. ^ Dortmund Final - Adams emerges victorious Chessbase Accessed 11 September 2014
  49. ^ Mens Chess Olympiads - Peter Leko, Olimpbase.com Accessed 20 August 2014.
  50. ^ Mens Olympiad 2014 - Hungary, Olimpbase.com Accessed 20 August 2014.
  51. ^ A Top-10 Player Whose Style Lacks Flash, but Wins Games New York Times Online Published 13 July 2008
  52. ^ The Fan's Guide to Kramnik vs Anand USCF website (Ian Rogers) Published 13 October 2008
  53. ^ A quick pre-match interview with Vladimir Kramnik Chessbase Accessed 15 September 2014
  54. ^ Anand-Carlsen World Championship match opens in 8000 seat stadium The Week In Chess Published 7 November 2013

External links[edit]

Achievements
Preceded by
Judit Polgár
Youngest chess grandmaster ever
1994–1997
Succeeded by
Étienne Bacrot