Přerov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈpr̝̊ɛrof]; German: Prerau) is a town in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic where the Bečva river flows through. Přerov is a statute town (2006). It has population of 47,373 as of January 2, 2008. Přerov is about 22 kilometres (14 miles) south west of Olomouc. In the past it was a major crossroads in the heart of Moravia in the Czech Republic.
The locality settlement dates back to primeval times. There is a world—renowned prehistoric site from the stone age on the mound called Hradisko in Přerov Předmostí. The oldest written reference to Přerov dates to 1133 when King Přemysl Otakar gave Přerov the privilege of being a royal town in 1256. The mansion of Přerov, built in place of the former castle, was a residence of an influential house, the house of Pernstejn and Žerotín, from which Charles the Elder of Žerotín significantly influenced the town. Přerov is called the city of Comenius and Blahoslav, the most significant personalities of the Unity of Brethren as well as of Bohemian culture in the 16th and 17th centuries. The cultural and social life of the city in the 19th century took up traditions of the past, above all, those of the Brethren time. Přerov ranked among the most advanced cities in Moravia and contributed to Czech national development. Introducing the railroad in 1841 brought Přerov rapid development of industries and agriculture, above all the machine industry, power-plant facilities, the hemp industry, brewing and sugar production. Later, the chemical industry as well as the production of leatherware and optical devices followed.
In Přerov there is a of College of logistics, an affiliate of Tomas Bata University Zlin. The helicopter air force is based in Přerov. Currently, Přerov is the social, administrative and cultural centre of the District with developing economics.
The villages Předmostí, Lověšice, Kozlovice, Dluhonice, Újezdec, Čekyně, Henčlov, Lýsky, Popovice, Vinary, Žeravice and Penčice are administrative parts of Přerov.