Pálava Protected Landscape Area

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Pálava
Landscape Protected Area
Palava.od.SZ.JPG
Pálava from the northwest
Country Czech Republic
Region South Moravian
District Břeclav
Highest point Děvín
 - elevation 550 m (1,804 ft)
 - coordinates 48°53′N 16°45′E / 48.883°N 16.750°E / 48.883; 16.750
Lowest point
 - location Dyje at Nové Mlýny
 - elevation 163 m (535 ft)
 - coordinates 48°46′N 16°36′E / 48.767°N 16.600°E / 48.767; 16.600
Area 83 km2 (32 sq mi)
Founded 1976-03-19
Management Správa CHKO Pálava
 - location Mikulov
Website: www.palava.ochranaprirody.cz

The Pálava Landscape Protected Area (Czech: Chráněná krajinná oblast Pálava, abbreviated CHKO Pálava) is a landscape protected area and UNESCO biosphere reserve located in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic, on the border with Austria. This unique area was originally recognized by UNESCO in 1986 and expanded in 2003 to include another UNESCO site, the Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape. CHKO Pálava is dominated by the limestone Pálava Hills (part of the outer Western Carpathians), and contains a significant proportion of natural or little affected steppe ecosystems that include meadow steppe, forest steppe, and thermophilic oak forest. In the floodplain of the river Thaya, forests alternate with meadows and wetland habitat that also include halophytic vegetation. The remaining part of CHKO Pálava is used agriculturally, with many sustainably farmed vineyards that are a part of the vinařská podoblast (wine subregion) Mikulovská. CHKO Pálava contains well-preserved monuments of historical significance, such as the Paleolithic site in Dolní Věstonice where the Venus of Dolní Věstonice, a ceramic Venus figurine dating to 29,000–25,000 BCE, was discovered. Mikulov, a picturesque town settled in the middle ages, is located in the southernmost part of CHKO Pálava, and contains buildings of historical and architectural significance, such as Mikulov Castle.