Pâncota

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Pâncota
Town
Coat of arms of Pâncota
Coat of arms
Pâncota is located in Romania
Pâncota
Pâncota
Location of Pâncota
Coordinates: 46°19′21″N 21°41′13″E / 46.32250°N 21.68694°E / 46.32250; 21.68694Coordinates: 46°19′21″N 21°41′13″E / 46.32250°N 21.68694°E / 46.32250; 21.68694
Country  Romania
County Arad County
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Iosif Retter (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 66.96 km2 (25.85 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 6,851
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Pâncota (Hungarian: Pankota) is a town in Arad County, western Transylvania, Romania. The town is situated at a 37 km distance from the county capital (Arad), in the central zone of the county, at the contact zone of the Aradului Plateau and Zărandului Mountains. The administrative territory of the town is 70.9 square km. The town administers one village, Măderat.

The first mention in documents of the locality dates back to 1202-1203 when it was known as villa Pankota.

History[edit]

Before the first Hungarian stamps, cancelled 1867-1871

The centre of the town was ravaged by invaders for several times. The Turks captured the town repeatedly. In 1687[citation needed] it got under the administration of the Habsburg empire as confirmed by the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699.

Until 1918, Pâncota was part of the Austrian monarchy, province of Hungary;[1] in Transleithania after the compromise of 1867 in the Kingdom of Hungary.

The post-office was opened in 1855. The Treaty of Trianon (1920) attributed the Arad region to Romania (the Great Romanian Union).

Economy[edit]

The town's present-day economy can be characterized by a powerful dynamic force with significant developments in all the sectors. Industry of building materials, furniture industry, light industry, food industry, services and tourism are the most representative economic sectors. Pâncota is an important centre of winegrowing, in the Maderat region, with the vineyards Pâncota, Silindia and Mocrea.[2]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Among the most significant touristic sights of the town are the urban environs along Tudor Vladimirescu Street, the old post office, the "Schulkovschy" palace, the Matca channel - an important hydrotechnical work and the Green House (Casa verde) situated on the main Boulevard.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1977 7,206 —    
1992 7,446 +3.3%
2002 7,418 −0.4%
2011 6,651 −10.3%
Source: Census data

According to the 2011 census its population counts 6651 inhabitants. From an ethnical point of view it has the following structure: 78.54% are Romanians, 10.91% Roms, 6.63% Hungarians, 2.13% Germans, 0,25% Slovaks, 0,91% Ukrainians and 0,1% are of other or undeclared nationalities

References[edit]

  1. ^ Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961.
  2. ^ "VinClub". Dce.gov.ro. Retrieved 2012-10-14.