Péguilhan has far-reaching views towards the Pyrenees. It is surrounded by woodland and open countryside and a mixture of arable and livestock farming. Some houses in the area have been bought by British incomers, although the majority in recent times have been Dutch and German.
Péguilhan is the setting for Martin Calder's travel memoir A Summer in Gascony, a charming story of life on a farm with a local Gascon family, centred on the Auberge at the end of the village. The book is set some time in the early 1990s and was published in 2008 by Nicholas Brealey publishing.