Pčinja District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pčinjski okrug
Пчињски округ
District of Serbia
Location of Pčinja District in Serbia
Location of Pčinja District in Serbia
Country  Serbia
Capital Vranje
Government
 • Commissioner n/a
Area
 • Total 3,520 km2 (1,360 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 159,081
 • Density 45.1/km2 (117/sq mi)
Municipalities 6 and 1 city
Settlements 363
Cities and towns 6
– Villages 357

The Pčinja District (Serbian: Пчињски округ, Pčinjski okrug) covers the southern part of Serbia, bordering the disputed territory of Kosovo, Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia. Its seat is in the city of Vranje.

It has a population of 159,081, according to the 2011 census. It is possible that the actual population is greater than is stated in the official statistics, because most Albanians boycotted the census; an estimate is that between 20,000–50,000 more people than recorded live in the district.

The Vranjska Banja spa plays a particular part in this region, with its multi-medicinal thermal mineral waters.

Municipalities[edit]

It encompasses the municipalities of:

Pčinja District

Culture and history[edit]

The ancient Paeonian tribe of Agrianians (Agrianes) ruled the region of present Pčinja District.

The cultural-historic monuments date back over five centuries ago. The earliest military fortification: Marko's Fortress, originates from the thirteenth century. Also famous are the ancient Turkish Public Bath from the sixteenth century, and the Pasha's House from 1765, in which a Grammar School was opened in 1882.

In 2001, uprisings by Albanians occurred in the Albanian-majority municipalities of Presevo and Bujanovac. In addition, reports emerged in 2006 that the Trgoviste had threatened to secede to Macedonia, which were treated as noteworthy because the area has a majority Serb population. Representatives cited economic hardship and a declining population as grievances against Serbia's government.[1]

Economy[edit]

The economy of Vranje is based on industry, mining, building industry, trade, agriculture, and forestry. The best known factories are: DIV Tobacco Factory and holding companies: SIMPO and Jumko.

Demographics[edit]

1992[edit]

2002[edit]

2011[edit]

References[edit]

  • Note: All official material made by Government of Serbia is public by law. Information was taken from official website.
  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.

Coordinates: 42°33′N 21°54′E / 42.550°N 21.900°E / 42.550; 21.900