P. R. Stephensen
He was born in Maryborough, Queensland. He was nicknamed "Inky", and attended the University of Queensland, where he joined the Communist Party in 1921. He gained a second-class honours degree in Modern Greats at Queen's College, Oxford where he studied as a Rhodes Scholar and was a member of the university branch of the Communist Party with A. J. P. Taylor, Graham Greene and Tom Driberg.
His most significant work was The Foundations of Culture in Australia (1936), which led to the foundation of the Jindyworobak Movement.
Between the world wars, his Fellowship of Australian Writers released a document that advocated disconnection with the United States and stated, "US comics promoted demonology, witchcraft and voodooism, with superman part of a raving mad view of the world." And of American musicals and minstrel shows, "the American negro, with his jungle is not welcome here."
Stephensen was a prolific author. He published over 30 books, as well as translations of works by Vladimir Lenin and Friedrich Nietzsche. He also produced nearly 70 books ghostwritten for Frank Clune.
- The Bushwackers: Sketches of Life in the Australian Outback
- The Foundations of Culture in Australia
- The Foundations of Culture in Australia: An Essay Towards National Self Respect (1936)
- Inky Stephensen: Wild Man of Letters by Craig Munro (UQP, 1992) ISBN 0-7022-2389-1