P. A. Sangma
|Purno Agitok Sangma|
|Speaker of the Lok Sabha|
25 May 1996 – 23 March 1998
|Preceded by||Shivraj Patil|
|Succeeded by||Ganti Mohana Chandra Balayogi|
|Chief Minister of Meghalaya|
6 February 1988 – 25 March 1990
|Governor||Bhishma Narain Singh
Hari Dev Joshi
Abubakar Abdul Rahim
|Preceded by||Williamson Sangma|
|Succeeded by||Brington Buhai Lyngdoh|
|Member of the Indian Parliament
|Preceded by||K. R. Marak|
|Succeeded by||Sanford Marak|
1991 – 20 March 2008
|Preceded by||Sanford Marak|
|Succeeded by||Agatha Sangma|
|Member of Parliament
|Preceded by||Agatha Sangma|
1 September 1947 |
|Political party||Indian National Congress (Before 1999)
Nationalist Congress Party (1999–2004; 2005–2012)
All India Trinamool Congress (2004–2005)
National People's Party (2013–present)
|United Front (1996–2004)
United Progressive Alliance (2004–2012)
National Democratic Alliance (2012–present)
|Alma mater||St. Anthony's College, Shillong
Purno Agitok Sangma (born September 1, 1947) is an Indian politician who was Speaker of Lok Sabha from 1996 to 1998 and Chief Minister of Meghalaya from 1988 to 1990. He was a co-founder of the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) and remained a member of the Lok Sabha for eight terms, i.e. 6th, 7th, 8th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, and 14th Lok Sabha. Currently he represents the Tura (ST) constituency in the West Garo Hills district in the sixteenth Lok Sabha. He was also the member of Mamata Banerjee's AITMC/TMC. He also founded National People's Party on 6 January 2013 with Book as its National symbol.
Early life and education
After completing his graduation in (B.A. (Hons.) from St. Anthony's College, Shillong, he went to Dibrugarh University in Assam for his Masters degree in Political science. Subsequently, he also obtained a degree in Law (LL.B).
In 1973, he became Vice-President of the Pradesh Youth Congress in Meghalaya and became the General Secretary the next year. He served as the General Secretary of the Pradesh Congress Committee of Meghalaya from 1975 to 1980.
In 1977, he was elected to the 6th Lok Sabha from Tura (Lok Sabha constituency) and remained a member of the Lok Sabha until 14th Lok Sabha, except for the 9th Lok Sabha. From 1980 to 1988, he served the Union Government of India under various capacities. He served as the Chief Minister of Meghalaya from 1988 to 1990. In 1991, when he was elected to the Lok Sabha again, he again served the Union government until 1996 when he became Speaker of Lok Sabha.
The NCP general secretary was expelled from the Congress on May 20, 1999, along with Sharad Pawar and Tariq Anwar for raising the banner of revolt against Sonia Gandhi over her foreign origin issue. He was one of the founders of Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) along with Sharad Pawar and Tariq Anwar in 1999, after their expulsion. In January 2004, P.A.Sangma created a split in the NCP. This happened after Sharad Pawar became close to the NCP's former rival Sonia Gandhi. After losing a battle for the NCP election symbol, Sangma later merged his faction with the current Chief Minister of West Bengal and TMC chief Mamata Banerjee's Trinamool Congress, forming the Nationalist Trinamool Congress. He resigned from his Lok Sabha seat on October 10, 2005 as a member of AITMC/TMC, and was reelected as NCP. candidate on February 2006.
Sangma resigned from NCP on June 20, 2012 after opposition from Sharad Pawar over his Presidential candidature. It is to be seen how a founder member's resignation is taken by NCP as founder member. Sangma whose candidature has been proposed by AIADMK, and BJD and later, supported by BJP as well, contested against Pranab Mukherjee for the post of the President. He lost to Pranab Mukherjee in the results declared on 23 July 2012. He charged Pranab for graft. Former Union Minister and a Congress tribal leader Arvind Netam also came strongly in favour of the candidature of Sangma for the presidential post.
On 5 January 2013, Sangma launched National People's Party on national level. The National People's Party managed to get 2 seats of Meghalaya Legislative Assembly in the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly election, 2013.
On 22 July 2012, Pranab Mukherjee was declared the victor over P.A. Sangma, crossing the half-way mark of 525,140 votes after votes in half the states had been tallied. While securing the requires quota, Mukherjee secured 558,194 votes to Sangma's 239,966. After the final results were published, Pranab Mukherjee secured 7,13,424 value of votes, while P. A. Sangma secured 3,17,032 values of votes. The Returning Officer for the Election, and the Secretary General of the Rajya Sabha, Vivek Agnihotri, then, declared Pranab Mukherjee President elect to the Office of the President of India,as the 13th President of India.
|P. A. Sangma||145,848||170,139||315,987|
- 1974 - Vice President of Meghalaya Pradesh Youth Congress
- 1975 - The General Secretary of the Meghalaya Pradesh Congress Committee
- 1977 - Member of Parliament, Tura constituency
- 1980 - Joint Secretary of the All India Congress Committee
- 1980 - Deputy Minister in charge of Industry
- 1982 - Deputy Minister, Ministry of Commerce
- 1984 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency
- 1984 - Minister of State holding charge of Commerce and Supply
- 1984 - Minister of State for Home Affairs
- 1986 - Minister of State for Labour with Independent Charge
- 1988 - Member, Meghalaya Legislative Assembly
- 1988 - Chief Minister of Meghalaya
- 1990 - Leader of Opposition, Meghalaya Legislative Assembly
- 1991 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency
- 1991-93 - Union Minister of State, Coal (Independent Charge)
- 1993-95 - Union Minister of State, Labour (Independent Charge)
- February–September 1995 - Union Minister of State, Labour
- 1995-96 - Union Cabinet Minister of Information and Broadcasting
- 1996 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency
- 1996-98 - Speaker of Lok Sabha -Chairman, (i) Business Advisory Committee; (ii) Rules Committee; (iii) General Purposes Committee; (iv) Standing Committee of the Conference of Presiding Officers of the Legislative Bodies in India; and (v) Institute of Constitutional and Parliamentary Studies;
President, (i) Indian Parliamentary Group, (ii) National Group of Inter-Parliamentary Union; and (iii) India Branch of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association
- 1998 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency
- 1998 - Member, Committee on External Affairs and its Sub-Committee-I
- 1998 - Vice-President, Indian Institute of Public Administration
- 1998 - Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of External Affairs
- 1999 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency
- 1999 - Member, Committee on Labour and Welfare
- 2000 - Member, National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution
- 2002 - Member, Committee on External Affairs
- 2003 - Member, Committee on Home Affairs
- 2004 - Re-elected, Member of Parliament, Tura constituency
- 2004 - Member, Committee on External Affairs, Member, Committee on Private Members Bills and Resolutions, Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Home Affairs
- 2006 - Re-elected to Lok Sabha as N.C.P. candidate on 23.2.2006, Tura constituency
- 2008 - Member, Meghalaya Legislative Assembly
Sangma's daughter Agatha Sangma was elected in the same constituency in the 15th Lok Sabha elections, and was also the youngest Minister of State in the former UPA ministry. She has been criticized for not doing enough in the case dealing with the mysterious death of Dana Sangma, a student of Amity University. Mister P.A Sangma had also resorted to slander against the current Meghalaya Chief Minister Purno Sangma by making an assumptive statement that the CM was in collusion with separatist terrorists, which resulted in a notice from the Delhi High Court warning that such slander wouldn't be tolerated (despite having the same surnames, they are not related at all). His son Conrad Sangma, is the Leader of the Opposition in Meghalaya Legislative Assembly. Controversial for being rumoured to be corrupt and also wanting to create divisions in society by talking about the formation of a 'Garo Land' on communal lines, P.A Sangma has been looked at with suspicion and several government employees have expressed disdain for P.A.Sangma's words and ideas.
- "Sixteenth Lok Sabha Members Alphabetical List".
- "CWC expels threesome for six years". Rediff.com, May 20, 1999.
- "National Congress Party Origins". NCP official website, retrieved May 21, 2012.
- "BJP supports Sangma after division in NDA". 21 June 2012.
- "It's time that a tribal becomes President: Netam". 29 June 2012.
- "Sangma withdraws himself from presidential race, seeks consensus for Abdual Kalam". Headlines today. 16 June 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- "I have quit NCP, will contest presidential polls: PA Sangma". 20 June 2012.
- "Pranab Mukherjee voted India's 13th President". Times of India. 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2012-07-22.
- "Pranab Mukherjee is 13th President". Deccan Herald. 2012-07-22. Retrieved 2012-07-22.
- Sangma meets Sonia, first time in a decade The Times of India, June 2, 2009.
- Biography - From Lok Sabha Speakers' official site
- P. A. Sangma: Fourteenth Lok Sabha Members Bioprofile
- XII LOK SABHA DEBATES - Sangma's famous debate against nuclear weapons
- Interview with Sangma by Rediff on NCP split up
|Chief Minister of Meghalaya
Brington Buhai Lyngdoh
|Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Ganti Mohana Chandra Balayogi