P. D. Dinakaran
|P. D. Dinakaran|
|Chief Justice of the Sikkim High Court|
8 August 2008 – 29 July 2011
|Born||9 May 1950
Arakkonam, Tamil Nadu
Paul Daniel Dinakaran Premkumar (born 9 May 1950) was the Chief Justice of the Sikkim High Court. He resigned from the post following allegations of corruption and subsequent impeachment proceedings.
Childhood and education
Dinakaran did his schooling at Arakkonam, North Arcot District (presently Vellore District). He attended Madras Christian College, Chennai and studied chemistry. He obtained his Masters in Political Science and Public Administration and Bachelor of Law Degree from Madras Law College.
He started his career in Madras High Court. He also practised in the State and Central Administrative Tribunals at Madras. He served as Legal Adviser and Standing Counsel for Pondicherry University and for several State owned Corporations, such as Tamil Nadu State Marketing Corporation (TASMAC), Tamil Nadu Sugar Corporation, Tamil Nadu Sugar Federation Limited, Tamil Nadu Co-operative Milk Producers Federation (Aavin).
He was also standing counsel for various religious institutions, such as Churches of South India, Madras Diocese and Coimbatore Diocese and Sri Subramania Swami Temple, Tiruttani and for several Local Bodies, Educational Institutions, Teacher's Federations, Agriculturists Associations, Marketing Societies and Social Organisations.
On 28 August 2009, the Supreme Court of India announced that Dinakaran would be elevated to a Supreme Court Judge, but this was halted due to allegations of corruption and surrounding controversy. Dinakaran subsequently refused to go on leave when asked by Chief Justice of India K.G. Balakrishnan and was transferred to the Sikkim High Court. On 29 July 2011 he resigned from the post of Sikkim High Court Chief Justice. He was facing impeachment allegedly on the charges of corruption and judicial misconduct.
In September 2009, allegations were made against Dinakaran by several members of the Bar Council of India including Former Union Law Minister Ram Jethmalani stating that he had huge assets and land acquisitions in his Hometown Arakkonam more than what was fixed by the Tamil Nadu Land reforms. The lawyers requested Chief Justice of India Union Law Minister not to appoint Dinakaran as Supreme Court Judge and initiate an enquiry process regarding the allegation. The members wrote a letter to President Pratibha Patil, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Union Law Minister to intervene in this matter.
Justice Dinakaran had not been performing any judicial functions since December 2009 when the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha admitted a motion seeking his removal on charges of corruption and abuse of his judicial office. The Supreme Court collegium headed by Chief Justice K.G. Balakrishnan had decided to replace Justice Dinakaran with Uttarakhand High Court Chief Justice JS Khehar, and recommended transfer of Dinakaran to the Sikkim High Court. Later, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh questioned about the desirability of shifting Chief Justices. The Law Ministry returned the file to the collegium for consideration afresh. As a result, the collegium, headed by the then incumbent Chief Justice of India, S.H. Kapadia, met and reconsidered the whole issue and stuck to the earlier decision to shift the Chief Justices. The Sikkim Bar Association opposed the transfer of Dinakaran to the Sikkim High Court and asked the Supreme Court to reconsider the proposal, (which requires approval from Indian President Pratibha Patil). The Sikkim Bar Association president D R Thapa had asked "How come the person be fit to be discharge judicial duties in one state if he has not been found worthy of doing the same in another state?"
Impeachment proceedings and resignation
Facing impeachment on charges of corruption and judicial misconduct, he resigned from the post of Sikkim high court Chief Justice on 29 July 2011 expressing "lack of faith and confidence" in the three-member inquiry Committee probing charges against him.
"Before demitting office, I must confess with a very heavy heart that in spite of my constitutional position, I have been denied fair opportunity to defend myself and my reputation by the Judges Inquiry Committee," he said in a two-page letter of resignation sent to President Pratibha Patil.
Justice Dinakaran, a Dalit, also said he had a "sneaking suspicion" that his "misfortune" was because of the circumstances of his birth in the socially oppressed and underprivileged section of the society.
This opinion of his at the time of resignation is surprising to say the least because of following facts:
- At first, Supreme Court of India had decided to elevate him as a Judge of the Supreme Court of India.
- Then cases of misconduct and corruption were alleged against him by Chennai-based Forum for Judicial Accountability, in September 2009. These allegations were confirmed by the Tiruvallur Collector in two reports. Only after this, the Supreme Court of India collegium dropped Justice Dinakaran's name for elevation.
- Thereafter on a complaint from 76 members of Parliament, the Rajya Sabha chairman admitted a motion for the removal of Justice Dinakaran.
- After that, Rajya Sabha chairman Hamid Ansari had in January 2010 constituted the three-member panel comprising Supreme Court Justice Aftab Alam, Karnataka High Court Chief Justice J S Khehar and senior advocate P P Rao to examine the 12 charges framed in the notice of motion adopted by the House.
- Supreme Court of India bench headed by a very senior judge, Justice GS Singhvi permitted Dinakaran's plea seeking Rao's removal just on the ground that Rao was biased against him. However, the same bench refused to quash the charges framed by three member panel saying "They are legally trained minds who can detect the fabricated material. In fact, it (three member panel) would offer protection to a judge also from baseless allegations,"
Mysteriously, on 4 August 2011, Justice Dinakaran had a "change of heart" and wrote to the law ministry seeking to withdraw his resignation. But the ministry rejected his request. However, his pre-emptive resignation did manage to scuttle the probe against him as the chairman of Rajya Sabha, Hamid Ansari, quietly buried the inquiry committee citing Dinakaran's resignation in July.
Post retirement benefits
On 15 January 2012, it became public through an RTI query that Justice Dinakaran along with his other colleague facing similar accusations Justice Soumitra Sen will keep getting their post-retirement benefits, even though they resigned ahead of impeachment proceedings against them, as there are no Constitutional or statutory provisions restricting their entitlements in such a scenario.
- Soumitra Sen – former High Court judge of who became the first judge to be impeached by Rajya Sabha.
- V. Ramaswami – former Supreme Court judge who became the first judge against whom Parliament initiated impeachment proceedings.
- "PD Dinakaran sworn in as Karnataka CJ".
- "I am a victim of politics and legal system: Justice Dinakaran". The Times of India. 30 July 2011.
- "Profile of Paul Daniel Dinakaran on Karnataka High Court website".
- "Justice Dinakaran is being victimised as he is a Dalit Christian" alleges a tribal organization. See this link: http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/article61638.ece
- "SC asks Karnataka Chief Justice Dinakaran to go on leave". The Times of India. 3 April 2010.
- Mahapatra, Dhananjay (10 April 2010). "Dinakaran to go to Sikkim, protests begin". The Times of India.
- "Judge's integrity in question". The Tribune. 14 September 2009.
- "CJI summoned Justice Dinakaran to Delhi". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 16 October 2009.
- "Issues of deep concern". Outlook India. 16 September 2009.
- "Justice Dinakaran asked to go on leave". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 3 April 2010.
- "J.S. Khehar to replace Dinakaran in Karnataka". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 10 April 2010.
- "Dinakaran not above law: Moily". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 25 April 2010.
- Venkatesan, J. (30 July 2010). "Justice Dinakaran shifted to Sikkim High Court". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Sikkim Bar Association protests Dinakaran's transfer (to Sikkim)". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 9 April 2010.
- "Supreme Court collegium sticks to shifting Justice Dinakaran to Sikkim". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 30 April 2010.
- "SC lifts justice Dinakaran's impeachment proceedings". 5 July 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Justice Dinakaran bid to get back job rejected". The Times of India. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Dinakaran's pre-emptive resignation scuttles probe". Times of India. 2 October 2011. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
- "Dinakaran, Sen to get retirement perks". 15 January 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2012.