P. Hal Sims
Philip Hal Sims (November 8, 1886 – February 26, 1949) was an American bridge player. In 1932 he was ranked by Shepard Barclay, bridge commentator of the New York Herald Tribune, the second best player in the US during the preceding year. (Barclay ranked Sims's regular partner Willard Karn first, the other two members of his Four Horsemen team third and fourth.)
According to his obituary in The New York Times, Sims was "a colorful person and a sportsman who excelled in almost whatever intellectual or athletic competition he pursued." Beside bridge and golf it mentioned "tennis, backgammon, billiards, chemin-de-fer and racing". He stood about 6 feet, 4 inches, and weighed about 300 pounds.
P. Hal Sims was born in Selma, Alabama, on November 8, 1886. He worked in Chicago and New York before World War I, when he was shot down on duty with the Royal Naval Air Service. He met the aviator Dorothy Rice (divorced, formerly Dorothy Rice Peirce) at Roosevelt Field on Long Island where he was a combat flight instructor for the United States.
Sims quit tournament bridge c. 1936. He took up golf seriously in 1934, one of several games he pursued seriously at one time or another. He was in critical condition for several days after July 13, 1946, when he suffered a heart attack while playing on a Long Island golf course with Tony Manero during an "amateur–professional" tournament. He died in Havana, Cuba, on February 26, 1949, evidently from a heart attack, after collapsing while playing cards with friends in his winter home.
His record is comparable only to that of Bobby Jones in Golf and Babe Ruth in Baseball. It is estimated that he has won more than fifty percent of all tournaments he has entered. He has rarely failed to finish either first, second or third in the field.—Publisher's Foreword, Money Contract, P. Hal Sims (Simon and Schuster, 1932), p. xiii.
In 1931 he formed the "Four Horsemen" team comprising himself, Oswald Jacoby, Willard S. Karn, and David Burnstine. The team won the Vanderbilt and Asbury Park trophies in 1932 and the Reisinger in 1933.
- North American Bridge Championships (7)
- North American Bridge Championships (7)
- One-over-one for Everyone (the Philip Hal Sims system), Madeleine Kerwin and Sims (New York: The Kerwin Co, 1932), 111 pp. – "The bidding tactics of the master players." OCLC 603944
- Money Contract (Simon & Schuster, 1932), 249 pp., OCLC 1834996
- The Sims summary of Money contract (S & S, 1933), 69 pp., OCLC 5848466
- Master Contract (S & S, 1934), 348 pp. – "Much of the material in this book was included in Money contract." OCLC 1835030
- Rules for five suit bridge "eagle", with instructions for five suit bidding, Sims, Sam Fry, Walter Malowan, Howard Schenken (New York: 1938), 12 pp., OCLC 5848465
Dorothy Rice Sims
Dorothy Rice Sims was a sportswoman, artist, and writer. She was born in Asbury Park, New Jersey, on June 24, 1889. As a young woman she was a motorcycle racer and (trained at Wright School, Mineola, New York, in 1916) a solo aviator. After the death of P. Hal Sims in 1949, she traveled as a "political correspondent for various newspapers".  She died of a heart attack on March 24, 1960, while in Cairo, Egypt.
Dorothy Rice Sims was "an expert in motorcycle racing, flying and sculptoring, but her bridge ability was just moderate". She became a famous bridge player, however, as one of her expert husband's partners and for her frequent use of "psychic" bids, or "psyches". She is known for inventing the tactic and it appears that she coined the term "psychic", at least.   
Sims and Sims won the second annual (contract bridge) Master Mixed Teams tournament in 1930, evidently with two men as teammates. (Except 1930, the winners and runners-up apparently comprised two men and two women, presumably playing as mixed pairs.) They were runners-up in 1933. In 1930 they were also runners-up in the second annual Board-a-Match Teams for the Chicago Trophy (now the Reisinger).
- Psychic Bidding (Vanguard Press, 1932), 87 pp., LCCN 32-14125, OCLC 4311409
- Fog, Valentine Williams and Sims (Houghton Mifflin, 1933), 294 pp. – fiction, OCLC 27399416; translated and/or adapted into both French OCLC 458877472 and Spanish OCLC 803626452
- Just Bridge, Ewart Kempson and Sims (London: 1935) – Practical handbook series, no. 29, OCLC 314510956
- Curiouser and Curiouser, a Book in the Jugular Vein, illustrated by the author (Simon & Schuster, 1940) – autobiography; foreword by George S. Kaufman, 203 pp., LCCN 41-470, OCLC 1513442
- How to Live on a Hunch; or, the art of "psychic living" (Vanguard, 1944), 160 pp., LCCN 44-2913, OCLC 1526700
- "P. Hal Sims Dead; Bridge Expert, 62: Former world champion was master of camouflage art—excelled as athlete". The New York Times. February 28, 1949. Books, page 19.
Bibliographic data. Subscription or payment required for text. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- "Sport: First Ten". TIME (time.com). March 21, 1932. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
Registration and login required for the entire article.
- "Dorothy Rice Sims". ACBL Bridge Beat 23. ACBL. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- BRIDGE: Sims' System: His Bidding Rules, Modified Over the Years, Still Influence Many Players". Albert H. Morehead. The New York Times. March 20, 1949. Page X21.
- Manley, Brent, Editor; Horton, Mark, Co-Editor; Greenberg-Yarbro, Tracey, Co-Editor; Rigal, Barry, Co-Editor (2011). The Official Encyclopedia of Bridge (7th ed.). Horn Lake, MS: American Contract Bridge League. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-939460-99-1.
- "Sims, P. Hal". Hall of Fame. ACBL. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- "Induction by Year". Hall of Fame. ACBL. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- "Dorothy Rice Sims: –1960". Roster of Members, 1996. Early Birds of Aviation (earlyaviators.com). Archived 2011-10-13. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- "Dorothy Rice Sims". Find A Grave (findagrave.com). November 24, 2010. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- "Aviatrix Seeks Divorce; Mrs. Dorothy Rice Peirce Alleges Non-Support and Cruelty". The New York Times. October 16, 1917. Page 9.
Payment required. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
- "Bridge" (untitled column). Alan Truscott. The New York Times. May 26, 1994. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
The column is illustrated by a deal from the 1930s, featuring a "psychic" bid by Mrs. Sims. The linked archive copy (nytimes.com) does not include the crucial diagram.
- "Bridge" (untitled column). Alan Truscott. The New York Times. August 23, 1997. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
The linked archive copy does not include the crucial diagram of a recent deal featuring David Berah.
- "BRIDGE; The Treachery That Lurks In Psychic Bidders' Hearts". Alan Truscott. The New York Times. April 15, 2000. Retrieved 2014-11-16.
The linked archive copy does not include the crucial diagram of a deal featuring David Berah in the 1964 South American Championships (team Venezuela).
- Citation at the ACBL Hall of Fame
- P. Hal Sims at Library of Congress Authorities, with 5 catalog records (under 'Sims, Philip Hal')
- Dorothy Rice Sims at LC Authorities, with 3 records (under 3 name-forms)
- Works by or about Dorothy Rice Sims in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
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