- For a topic outline on this subject, see List of basic Argentina topics.
The Argentine Republic
is a federal republic
of 23 provinces
and an autonomous city
, in southern South America
. Argentina has five land borders, with Bolivia
. Of the 23 provinces, only Tierra del Fuego
is not contiguous with any other state. Argentina claims over Antarctica
, as well as overlapping claims made by Chile
and the United Kingdom
, are suspended by the Antarctic Treaty
of 1961. Argentina also claims the Falkland Islands
: Islas Malvinas
) and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
. Argentina traces its national origin to the May Revolution
in Buenos Aires
in 1810, the starting point of the Argentine War of Independence
. After an economic crisis from 1999 to 2002
, the country has had a recent economic recovery. Argentine culture has significant European influences. Buenos Aires, its cultural capital, is largely characterized by both the prevalence of people of European descent, and of conscious imitation of European styles in architecture. The other big influence is the gauchos and their traditional country lifestyle of self-reliance. Finally, indigenous American traditions (like yerba mate infusions) have been absorbed into the general cultural milieu.
(September 23, 1778 – March 4, 1811) was an Argentine
lawyer, journalist, and politician. He played a decisive role in the Primera Junta
, the first national government of Argentina, created after the May Revolution
Although he was not prominently involved in the May Revolution that deposed Cisneros, he was appointed as secretary of war of the new government, the Primera Junta. Along with Juan José Castelli, he promoted harsh policies against the supporters of the former government and the strengthening of the new one. These policies were detailed at a secret document, the Operations plan; some historians dispute its authorship. Moreno organized military campaigns to Paraguay and Upper Peru, and ensured the execution of Santiago de Liniers after the defeat of his counter-revolution. He established the first Argentine newspaper, La Gazeta de Buenos Ayres, and translated Jean-Jacques Rousseau's The Social Contract into Spanish.
Anniversaries for December 22
- ...that U2 wrote the song "Mothers of the Disappeared" about the Madres de Plaza de Mayo, whose children disappeared during the Dirty War?
- ...that Nahuel Huapi National Park (pictured) is named after Nahuel Huapi Lake, with Nahuel and Huapi meaning "tiger" and "island" in the Mapuche language?
- ...that the 1957 nonfiction novel Operación Masacre by Rodolfo Walsh was published seven years before Truman Capote's In Cold Blood, which is frequently cited as creating the genre?
- ...that Papel Prensa produced 170,000 tons of newsprint for 170 dailies in 2009, accounting for 75% of the newsprint market in Argentina?
- ...that Juan Esteban Pedernera was interim President of Argentina in 1861, following the death of Santiago Derqui?
- ...that the Argentine investigative journalism TV program Periodismo para todos is censored in several Argentine provinces?
- ...that Marcelo Piñeyro's second film, Wild Horses, was the second-highest-attended film in Argentina during 1995, and was screened at the Museum of Modern Art in New York?
- ...that authorities believe convicted fraudster Edward Porta escaped from the U.S. Penitentiary in Lee County, Virginia, apparently by walking out of its minimum security area?
- July 13: Germany defeats Argentina 1-0 at the 2014 FIFA World Cup final match, in the extra time.Mashable
- July 9: Argentina gets a 0-0 tie against Netherlands at the 2014 FIFA World Cup, and won 4-2 in the penalty shootout. As a result, Argentina will play the final match against Germany.Telegraph
- July 7: Death of soccer player Alfredo Di Stéfano (pictured).La Razón
- July 7: The last episode of the Brazilian telenovela Avenida Brasil is aired in a ceremony at the Luna Park, with 8,000 fans.La Razón
- July 1: Argentina wins 1-0 against Switzerland, with a goal of Ángel di María in the extra time.Buenos Aires Herald
- June 28: Vicepresident Amado Boudou is formally charged of corruption in the Boudougate. He is the first sitting Argentine Vicepresident in such a situation.The Guardian
- June 25: Argentina wins 3-2 against Nigeria at the 2014 FIFA World Cup, with two goals of Lionel Messi.Buenos Aires Herald
- June 18: US judge Thomas P. Griesa rules that Argentina must pay to the vulture funds that did not enter into the Argentine debt restructuring. The Argentine lawyer announced that Argentina intends to pay.Washington Post
- June 15: Argentina wins 2-1 against Bosnia at the 2014 FIFA World Cup.The Guardian
- May 30: Vicepresident Amado Boudou is summoned for inquiry by Federal Judge Ariel Lijo, for his involvement in the Boudougate.Buenos Aires Herald
- May 18: Club Atlético River Plate is crowned champion of the 2013–14 Argentine Primera División season, after defeating Quilmes Atlético Club by 5-0.Buenos Aires Herald
- 10 May: Death of Carmen Argibay, judge of the Supreme Court of Argentina, at the age of 74.La Nación
- 6 May: A group of 400 barra bravas storm into the Argentine Football Association, demanding free tickets for the Argentine matches at the 2014 FIFA World Cup, and that their criminal records be concealed from the Brazilian authorities.La Nación
- 28 April: Marcelo Tinelli open the 2014 season of Showmatch, after a year without working in television.La Nación
- 24 April: Begin of the 2014 Buenos Aires International Book Fair at La Rural, with a speech from Quino. It is the 40º edition of the book fair.La Nación
- 23 April: Javier Cantero resigns as president of Club Atlético Independiente.La Nación
- 22 April: Formal launch of the Unen Broad Front, composed by most non-Peronists parties and politicians.Buenos Aires Herald
- 14 April: Death of writer Ernesto Laclau at the age of 78.Buenos Aires Herald
- 11 April: Death of actor Alfredo Alcón at the age of 84.Buenos Aires Herald
- 10 April: Union leader Hugo Moyano leads a general stryke against the Kirchner's government, protesting for the high inflation and crime.Yahoo news
- 31 March: Teachers resume working after a 17-days long strike against Kirchnerite governor Daniel Scioli.Buenos Aires Herald
- 31 March: River Plate triumphs 2-1 against Boca Juniors at the superclásico derby, with a goal of Ramiro Funes Mori at the last minute.Buenos Aires Herald
The following Argentine topics have their own portal:
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