Portal:Bollywood

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The Bollywood Portal

Introduction

"Bollywood Steps" show from Bristol

Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for the Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay), Maharashtra, India. The name "Bollywood" is a portmanteau derived from Bombay and Hollywood (B (ombay-H) ollywood), the center of the American film industry. However, unlike Hollywood, Bollywood does not exist as a physical place. Bollywood is the largest film producer in India and one of the largest centers of film production in the world.

Bollywood is formally referred to as Hindi cinema. Dialogues are usually written in unadorned Hindi that would be understood by the largest possible audience. There has been a growing presence of Indian English in the dialogue and songs as well. Bollywood films are mostly musicals, and are expected to contain catchy music, usually a mixture of Indian and Western music, in the form of song-and-dance numbers woven into the script. Bollywood plots have tended to be melodramatic. They frequently employ formulaic ingredients such as star-crossed lovers and angry parents, love triangles, family ties, sacrifice, corrupt politicians, kidnappers, conniving villains, courtesans with hearts of gold, long-lost relatives and siblings separated by fate, dramatic reversals of fortune, and convenient coincidences. Bollywood is enjoyed by millions all over the world.

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Shabana Azmi at the World Economic Forum in 2006
The National Film Award for Best Actress is an honour presented annually at the National Film Awards of India since 1968 to an actress for the best performance in a leading role within the Indian film industry. The National Film Awards were called the "State Awards for Films" when established in 1954. The State Awards instituted the "Best Actress" category in 1968 as the "Urvashi Award for the Best Actress"; in 1975, the "Urvashi Award" was renamed as the "Rajat Kamal Award for the Best Actress". Throughout the years, accounting for ties and repeat winners, the Indian Government has presented a total of 48 Best Actress awards to 38 different actresses. Until 1974, winners of the National Film Award received a figurine and certificate; since 1975, they have been awarded with a "Rajat Kamal" (silver lotus), certificate and a cash prize that amounted to INR50,000 (US$840) in 2012. Although the Indian film industry produces films in more than 20 languages and dialects, the actresses whose performances have won awards have worked in ten major languages: Assamese, Bengali, English, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu. The first recipient was Nargis Dutt from Bollywood, who was honoured at the 15th National Film Award (1968) for her performance in Raat Aur Din. The actress who won the most number of Rajat Kamal awards is Shabana Azmi (pictured) with five wins, followed by Sharada with three.

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Naseeruddin Shah

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Selected biography

Farhan Akhtar at a promotional event for Karthik Calling Karthik.
Farhan Akhtar (born 9 January 1974) is an Indian film director, screenwriter, producer, actor, playback singer, lyricist and television host, who works primarily in Bollywood. Born in Mumbai to screenwriters Javed Akhtar and Honey Irani, he grew up under the influence of the film industry. After completing his schooling in Maneckji Cooper School, he studied a degree of commerce in HR College, before dropping out, and began his career in films by working as an assistant director in Lamhe (1991) and Himalay Putra (1997). Akhtar, after establishing a production company named Excel Entertainment along with Ritesh Sidhwani, made his directorial début with Dil Chahta Hai (2001) and received critical acclaim for portraying modern youth. Following it, he made Lakshya (2004) and had his Hollywood début through the soundtrack of Bride and Prejudice (2004), for which he wrote the lyrics. He had his first commercial success with Don (2006), though failing to receive critical acclaim for it. He started his acting career with Rock on!! (2008), for which he won a second National Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi as producer, and indulged in further experimentation before he acted in, produced and wrote the dialogues for the critical and commercial success Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara (2011), which also won two National awards. In the same year, he directed a sequel to Don titled Don 2 (2011), which remains as his highest-grossing film till date.

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Bollywood

Awards: Bollywood Movie Awards (defunct) • Filmfare AwardsGlobal Indian Film Awards (defunct) • International Indian Film Academy AwardsNational Film AwardsScreen AwardsStar Guild AwardsStardust AwardsZee Cine Awards

Institutions Asian Academy of Film & TelevisionCentral Board of Film CertificationDirectorate of Film FestivalsFilm and Television Institute of IndiaFilm CityFox Star StudiosNational Film Development Corporation of IndiaSatyajit Ray Film and Television Institute

Lists: List of Bollywood filmsFilm clansHighest-grossing films in overseas marketsHighest-grossing filmsItem numbers

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