Portal:Beer

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B e e r

A portal dedicated to beer

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The Beer Portal

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Beer is the world's most widely consumed alcoholic beverage and the third most popular drink after water and tea. It is produced by the brewing and fermentation of starches, mainly derived from cereal grains—the most common of which is malted barley, although wheat, maize (corn), and rice are widely used. Most beer is flavored with hops, which add bitterness and act as a natural preservative, though other flavorings such as herbs or fruit may occasionally be included. Alcoholic beverages distilled after fermentation, fermented from non-starch sources such as grape juice (wine) or honey (mead), or fermented from un-malted starches (rice wine) are not classified as beer.

Some of humanity's earliest known writings refer to the production and distribution of beer: the Code of Hammurabi included laws regulating beer and beer parlours, and "The Hymn to Ninkasi," a prayer to the Mesopotamian goddess of beer, served as both a prayer and as a method of remembering the recipe for beer in a culture with few literate people. Today, the brewing industry is a global business, consisting of several dominant multinational companies and many thousands of smaller producers ranging from brewpubs to regional breweries.

The basics of brewing beer are shared across national and cultural boundaries and are commonly categorized into two main types—the globally popular pale lagers, and the regionally distinct ales, which are further categorised into other varieties such as pale ale, stout and brown ale. The strength of beer is usually around 4% to 6% alcohol by volume (abv.) though may range from less than 1% abv., to over 20% abv. in rare cases.

Beer forms part of the culture of various beer-drinking nations and has acquired various social traditions and associations, such as beer festivals and a rich pub culture involving activities such as pub crawling or pub games such as bar billiards.


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The Beer WikiProject

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WikiProject Beer is an association of Wikipedians with an interest in beer and beer-related subjects. They have come together to coordinate the development of beer and brewery articles here on Wikipedia. Additionally, other groups have formed other projects that entertain subjects that are directly related to beer, bartending and pubs. Additionally, the mixed drinks project covers topics that include beer cocktails. If any of these subjects pique your interest, please feel free to visit their projects. These groups would love to have you participate!

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Sapporo vending machine
Japanese beer had its start during the Edo Period when the Dutch opened beer halls for the sailors who worked on the trade route between Japan and the Dutch Empire. Japanese-style commercial brewing has been exported to much of Southeast Asia and factories are spread throughout the world.

Beer is the most popular alcoholic beverage in Japan, accounting for nearly two thirds of the 9 billion liters of alcohol consumed in 2006. Major brewers include Asahi, Kirin, and Sapporo, while small local breweries supply distinct tasting beers. Lager beers are most common, but beers made with lower grain contents called Happoushu (low malt beer, sparkling alcoholic drink) have captured a large part of the market due to lower taxes.

Japan has liberal laws in regards with the selling and consumption of alcohol. Beer can be purchased at a wide variety of outlets, including supermarkets, convenience stores, kiosks at train stations, and in vending machines. Some vending machines have motion activated advertising that play beer commercials and jingles on small TV screens embedded into them.

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Frederick Pabst, founder of Pabst Breweries
Frederick Pabst
B. 28 March 1836 – d. 1 January 1904

Frederick Pabst was a German-American businessman who ran the Best Brewing Company, which was later renamed as the Pabst Brewing Company.

He was born in Saxony, Germany, but in 1848, he emigrated with his parents to Chicago. There he became, first a hotel waiter, then a cabin-boy on a Lake Michigan steamer. Eventually, he became a captain of one of these vessels. In this last capacity, he met a German, Phillip Best, the owner of a small but prosperous brewery founded in 1844 in Milwaukee, and married his daughter.

In 1862, Pabst was taken into partnership in his father-in-law's brewery and began to study the details of the business. After obtaining a thorough mastery of the art of brewing, Pabst turned his attention to extending the market for the beer and before long had raised the output of the Best brewery to 100,000 barrels a year. The brewery was eventually converted into a public company and its capital repeatedly increased in order to cope with the continually increasing trade. He became president of the corporation in 1873. Later, the brewing company's name was changed to the Pabst Brewing Company.

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Selected brewery

Sierra Nevada Brewing Company headquarters in Chico, California
The Sierra Nevada Brewing Company was established in 1979 by homebrewers Ken Grossman and Paul Camusi. Located in Chico, California, Sierra Nevada Brewing is one of the most popular craft breweries currently operating in the United States. Their Pale Ale is world renowned, and the brewery produces almost 700,000 barrels of beer per year. Their beer is consistently rated high in BeerAdvocate.com's Top 25 list, and has been featured on many television shows, including Friends and Sex in the City. The brewery recently opened "The Big Room", a live music venue located inside the brewery's facilities.
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Selected beer

Carlton Draught
Produced by Carlton & United Beverages

Carlton Draught is a 4.6% (abv) pale lager made in Australia by Carlton & United Beverages. Carlton Draught is a popular full-strength lager beer sold on tap in Victoria, Australia. It is also sold in bottles and cans, but in this market its stablemate Victoria Bitter is probably more popular. It can also be found on tap in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia.


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News

Hops


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Selected quote

Water is drunk by the four legged beast; man prefers it with hops, malts, and yeast.


German Trinkspruch


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Hofbräuhaus in Munich, Germany.
Credit: Jcg2006, 2009-05-15

Hofbräuhaus in Munich, Germany.

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Categories

The following are categories relating to beer.


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Beer topics

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Things you can do

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Associated Wikimedia

Beer on  Wikinews  Beer on  Wikiquote  Beer on  Wikibooks  Beer on  Wikisource  Beer on  Wiktionary  Beer on  Wikiversity  Beer on Wikimedia Commons
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