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Canada /ˈkænədə/ is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area. Canada's common border with the United States to the south and northwest is the longest in the world.

The land that is now Canada was inhabited for millennia by various groups of Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.

Canada is a federation that is governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is a bilingual nation with both English and French as official languages at the federal level. One of the world's highly developed countries, Canada has a diversified economy that is reliant upon its abundant natural resources and upon trade—particularly with the United States, with which Canada has had a long and complex relationship. It is a member of the G8, G-20, NATO, OECD, WTO, Commonwealth, Francophonie, OAS, APEC, and UN.

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The Vanier Cup is the name of the championship of Canadian Interuniversity Sport football and the name of the trophy awarded to the victorious team. It is currently played between the winners of the Uteck Bowl and the Mitchell Bowl. It is named after Georges Vanier, the former Governor General of Canada and was first awarded in 1965 to the winner of an invitational event contested between two teams that were selected by a panel. In 1967, the trophy was declared the official "CIAU (now CIS) National Football Championship" and a playoff system was instituted. From its creation until 1982, it was known as the Canadian College Bowl. The game typically occurs in late November, although it is occasionally played in December.

In 2007, the Vanier Cup returned to the Rogers Centre in Toronto, Ontario, for the first time since 2003. The 2007 Vanier Cup was part of the 2007 Grey Cup festivities in Toronto. The Vanier Cup game was played on Friday, November 23, 2007, two days before the Grey Cup game. The University of Manitoba Bisons defeated the Saint Mary's University Huskies 28-14 to claim their first championship since 1970. The 2008 game will be played at Ivor Wynne Stadium in Hamilton, Ontario.

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Alanis Morissette
Alanis Morissette (born 1 June 1974) is a Canadian and naturalized American singer-songwriter, record producer, and occasional actress. She is recognized for creating one of the highest selling albums in the history of the music industry, and has won seven Grammy Awards.

Morissette began her career in Canada, and as a child recorded two dance-pop albums, Alanis and Now Is the Time, under MCA Records. Her international debut album was the rock-influenced Jagged Little Pill. Jagged Little Pill sold thirty million copies, making it the best-selling debut album of all time by a female artist. According to the United World Chart, Jagged Little Pill is the second greatest-selling album of all-time by a female artist, behind only Shania Twain's Come on Over.

Morissette took up producing duties for her subsequent albums, including Supposed Former Infatuation Junkie, Under Rug Swept and So-Called Chaos. Morissette has influenced female singers and singer-songwriters in the 2000s such as Kelly Clarkson, Michelle Branch, Pink and Avril Lavigne.

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Canada Goose

A Canada Goose flying at Burnaby Lake Regional Park (Piper Spit), Burnaby, British Columbia.
Credit: Image by Alan D. Wilson, modified by Diliff (cropped and noise reduction applied).

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Flag of Ontario

The current Flag of Ontario was proclaimed the official flag of the Canadian province of Ontario by the Flag Act on May 21, 1965...

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Panorama view of Pangnirtung Fiord.

View of the far side of Pangnirtung, Nunavut
Credit: Slp1

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