Portal:Cape Verde

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Cape Verde

Flag of Cape Verde
Coat of arms of Cape Verde
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The Republic of Cape Verde (Portuguese: Cabo Verde, Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈkabu ˈveɾdɨ]) is a republic located on an archipelago in the Macaronesia ecoregion of the North Atlantic Ocean, off the western coast of Africa. The previously uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the fifteenth century (though there may have been earlier discoveries), and attained independence in 1975.


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View of the steep coast near Forminguinhas on the island of Santo Antão, Cape Verde
The island of Santo Antão in the archipelago of Cape Verde off the west coast of Africa.

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Common architecture of the Cidade Velha (Old City) on Santiago, Cape Verde

Cidade Velha (Portuguese for "old city"), or simply Sidadi in Cape Verdean Creole, is a town located 15 km from Praia (Cape Verde's capital) on Santiago. It is the oldest settlement in Cape Verde and used to serve as the capital of Cape Verde. Once called Ribeira Grande, its name was changed to Cidade Velha so to avoid confusion with another Ribeira Grande on another island.

The island was discovered and named Ribeira Grande (Portuguese for large river) by António da Noli, in 1462. In 1466 the settlement became an important port for trading slaves. Slaves from Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone were shipped from Cidade Velha to Brazil and the Caribbean.

Cidade Velha's port was a stopping place for two great navigators: Vasco of Gamma, in 1497, on his way to India, and Christopher Columbus, in 1498, while on his third voyage to the Americas.

Cidade Velha has the oldest colonial church in the world, constructed in 1495. The fort Forte Real de São Filipe that dominates the town from 120 metres of altitude, was constructed in 1590 to defend the Portuguese colony from the attacks of the French and English.

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The Cape Verdean Island of Boa Vista
The ruined village of Curral Velho on the island of Boavista, Cape Verde

Boa Vista (Portuguese meaning “good view”) is the easternmost island of Cape Verde. It is located in the Barlavento group of the archipelago. The island is known for marine turtles and traditional music, as well as its ultramarathon and its sand dunes and beaches.

With an area of 620 km², it is the third largest island, after Santo Antão and Santiago. It is 455 km west of the coast of Africa. Much of the island is flat. The highest point on the island is Monte Estância, elevation 387 meters; other mountains include Santo António (Saint Anthony) and Monte Negro (Black Mountain). Other features include Campo da Serra. Its main town is Sal Rei, its ferry port and home to Boa Vista's airport on the northwest side of the island.

Surrounding islets include Ilhéu de Sal Rei featuring a lighthouse in the west, and Ilhéu do Baluate featuring the easternmost point in Cape Verde. Points include Ponta Antónia to the north.

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Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires

Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpedɾu vɨˈɾonɐ ʁuˈdɾiɡɨʃ ˈpiɾɨʃ]; born 29 April 1934) has been the President of Cape Verde since March 2001. Before becoming President he was Prime Minister from 1975 to 1991.

After the ruling African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde (PAICV) decided to institute multiparty democracy in February 1990, Pires replaced President Aristides Pereira as General Secretary of PAICV in August 1990. The PAICV lost the multiparty parliamentary and presidential elections held in early 1991 and was left in opposition. At a party congress in August 1993, Pires was replaced as General Secretary by Aristides Lima and was instead elected as President of PAICV.[1] As a candidate for the party presidency at PAICV's September 1997 congress, he faced José Maria Neves[2] and prevailed with 68% of the vote.[3] He stepped down as PAICV President in 2000 in preparation for a presidential bid in the next year's election[4] and he was succeeded by Neves.[1] He announced his candidacy for the Presidency of Cape Verde on September 5, 2000.[5]

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Tarrafal Beach CV.jpg

The famous beach of Tarrafal in the northwest of Santiago, Cape Verde.

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  1. ^ a b Political Parties of the World (6th edition, 2005), ed. Bogdan Szajkowski, page 113.
  2. ^ "Cape Verde: Opposition party congress opens", Radio Renascenca, Lisbon (nl.newsbank.com), September 19, 1997.
  3. ^ "Cape Verde: Former PM elected leader of main opposition PAICV party", Radio Renascenca, Lisbon (nl.newsbank.com), September 22, 1997.
  4. ^ "Cape Verde: Town council leader to run for PAIGC party leadership", RDP Africa web site (nl.newsbank.com), May 29, 2000.
  5. ^ "Cape Verde: Former prime minister Pires to run for president in 2001 poll", RDP Africa web site (nl.newsbank.com), September 6, 2000.