With a unique culture and language, Hawaii became the 50th state of the United States on August 21, 1959. It is located in the North Pacific Ocean, 2,300 miles (3,700 km) from the mainland, at 21°18′41″N 157°47′47″W / 21.31139°N 157.79639°W.
The Hawaiian Archipelago comprises eight islands and atolls extending across a distance of 1,500 miles (2,400 km). Of these, eight are considered "main islands" and are located at the southeastern end of the archipelago. These islands are: from (northwest to southeast) Niʻihau, Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, Kahoʻolawe, Maui, and Hawaiʻi. The latter is by far the largest, called the "Big Island" or "Big Isle". In the 19th Century, they were known as the Sandwich Islands.
Satellite view of Molokaʻ
i, showing its distinctive moccasin
Molokaʻi (also Molokai) is an island in the Hawaiian archipelago. It is 38 by 10 miles (61 by 16 km) in size with a land area of 260.0 square miles (673.4 km²), making it the fifth largest of the main Hawaiian Islands and the 27th largest island in the United States. Molokaʻi is known as the "Friendly Isle" and is one of the least developed of the main Hawaiian islands. It is noted for the numerous Hawaiian fish ponds along its south shore, some of which have been restored in recent years. Molokaʻi is also the oldest site for sufferers of leprosy in the United States (the leper colony at Kalaupapa), which became widely known through the work of Father Damien. For the full article, click here.
- ...that Kīlauea volcano is the world's most active volcano?
- ...that the Big Island is Hawaiʻi's largest at 4,038 square miles? It is twice the size of all other Hawaiian Islands combined.
This section is here to highlight some of the most common words of the Hawaiian Language, ʻŌlelo, that are used in everyday conversation amongst locals.
Love, hello, goodbye
Some common uses:
Aloha kakahiaka, Good morning; Aloha ahiahi, Good evening; Aloha Akua, Love of God
"In what other land save this one is the commonest form of greeting not 'Good day,' nor 'How d'ye do', but 'Love'? That greeting is 'Aloha': love, I love you, my love to you... It is a positive affirmation of the warmth of one's own heart-giving." — Jack London
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