Portal:Ottawa

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The Ottawa Portal

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Ottawa (Listeni/ˈɒtəwə/ or /ˈɒtəwɑː/) is the capital of Canada, a municipality and the second largest city within the Province of Ontario. Located in the Ottawa Valley in the eastern portion of Southern Ontario, the city lies on the southern banks of the Ottawa River, a major waterway forming the local boundary between the Provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
Rideau Canal, UNESCO World Heritage.jpg

Connected by several bridges to its Quebec neighbour, the city of Gatineau on the northern shores of the Ottawa River, the two cities and surrounding areas are designated the National Capital Region (NCR). Though governed by separate municipal governments, the federal lands within the region are administered by the National Capital Commission (NCC), a federal crown corporation charged with the responsibility of planning and managing the federal government's interests in the NCR.

Ottawa is situated on the south bank of the Ottawa River, and contains the mouths of the Rideau River and Rideau Canal. The oldest part of the city (including what remains of Bytown) is known as Lower Town, and occupies an area between the canal and the rivers. Across the canal to the west lies Centretown (often just called "downtown"), which is the city's financial and commercial hub. Situated between Centretown and the Ottawa River, the slight elevation of Parliament Hill is home to many of the capital's landmark government buildings, including the Peace Tower, and the legislative seat of Canada. As of June 29, 2007, the Rideau Canal, which stretches 202 km (126 mi) to Kingston, Fort Henry and four Martello towers in the Kingston area was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Blason ville ca Ottawa (Ontario).svg More about...Ottawa, its history and diversity
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View at the West end of Wellington Street, Upper Bytown, looking East, 1845.jpg
Bytown is the former name of Ottawa, Canada's capital city. It was founded on September 26, 1826, incorporated as a town on January 1, 1850, and superseded by the incorporation of the City of Ottawa on January 1, 1855. The founding was marked by a sod turning, and a letter from Governor General Dalhousie which authorized Lieutenant Colonel John By to divide up the town into lots (a pattern that mostly exists today). Bytown came about as a result of the construction of the Rideau Canal and grew largely due to the Ottawa River timber trade.

The town took its name from John By who, as a Colonel in the British Engineers, was instrumental in the construction of the canal. The name "Bytown" came about, somewhat as a "jocular reference" during a small dinner party of some officers, and it appears on official correspondence dated 1828.

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The Canadian War Museum (CWM) (French: Musée canadien de la guerre) is Canada’s national museum of military history. Located in Ottawa, Ontario, the museum focuses on military conflicts that occurred on Canadian soil, involved Canadian forces, or had a significant effect on the country and its people. The conflicts range from early warfare among First Nations to today’s war on terror.
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Steven Glenwood MacLean (born December 14, 1954) is a Canadian astronaut. He is the current President of the Canadian Space Agency, appointed on September 2, 2008. He was born in Ottawa, Ontario and is married to Nadine Wielgopolski of Hull, Quebec.

Maclean attended Merivale High School in Nepean. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in physics in 1977 and a doctorate in physics in 1983 from York University in Toronto, Ontario. In 1977, he received the President’s Award at York University (Murray G. Ross Award). He is a recipient of a Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council post graduate scholarship in 1980. In December 1983, MacLean was one of six astronauts selected by the National Research Council of Canada.

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Ottawa in summertime - (left to right) - above the Ottawa River: Alexandra Bridge | Samuel de Champlain Statue | glass section of the National Gallery of Canada | Fairmont Château Laurier Hotel (pale building with turrets) | Rideau Canal Locks | Parliament Hill – Parliament of Canada Building | Library of Parliament (round shaped) | Peace Tower | downtown buildings, offices | Ottawa Marriott Hotel (circular roof structure) | The Supreme Court of Canada Building (above trees; grey with black roof)

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See also...US capitol icon.pngWashington, D.C.

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