Portal:Ottawa

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The Ottawa Portal

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Ottawa (Listeni/ˈɒtəwə/ or /ˈɒtəwɑː/) is the capital of Canada, a municipality and the second largest city within the Province of Ontario. Located in the Ottawa Valley in the eastern portion of Southern Ontario, the city lies on the southern banks of the Ottawa River, a major waterway forming the local boundary between the Provinces of Ontario and Quebec.
Rideau Canal, UNESCO World Heritage.jpg

Connected by several bridges to its Quebec neighbour, the city of Gatineau on the northern shores of the Ottawa River, the two cities and surrounding areas are designated the National Capital Region (NCR). Though governed by separate municipal governments, the federal lands within the region are administered by the National Capital Commission (NCC), a federal crown corporation charged with the responsibility of planning and managing the federal government's interests in the NCR.

Ottawa is situated on the south bank of the Ottawa River, and contains the mouths of the Rideau River and Rideau Canal. The oldest part of the city (including what remains of Bytown) is known as Lower Town, and occupies an area between the canal and the rivers. Across the canal to the west lies Centretown (often just called "downtown"), which is the city's financial and commercial hub. Situated between Centretown and the Ottawa River, the slight elevation of Parliament Hill is home to many of the capital's landmark government buildings, including the Peace Tower, and the legislative seat of Canada. As of June 29, 2007, the Rideau Canal, which stretches 202 km (126 mi) to Kingston, Fort Henry and four Martello towers in the Kingston area was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Blason ville ca Ottawa (Ontario).svg More about...Ottawa, its history and diversity
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Ottawa Electric Railway Company was a streetcar public transit system in the city of Ottawa, Canada which operated between 1891 and 1959. Ottawa once had tracks through downtown on Rideau Street, Sparks Street, and others and extended outside of the downtown core to provide services which helped form communities such as Westboro, Old Ottawa South and The Glebe. Prior to this, starting in 1866, public transportation had been provided by Ottawa City Passenger Railway Company, a horse-drawn tram service. Today Ottawa employs a bus rapid transport and light rail (LRT) service provided by OC Transpo, in operation since 1973.

In May 1885, electric lighting commenced in the city. In 1908, Ahearn & Soper, (with Erskine Bronson) was consolidated as Ottawa Heat, Light and Power. O.E.L. had been purchased by the city in 1905 for $200,000, forming the core of the Municipal Electric Department, and then Ottawa Hydro.

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The Canadian War Museum (CWM) (French: Musée canadien de la guerre) is Canada’s national museum of military history. Located in Ottawa, Ontario, the museum focuses on military conflicts that occurred on Canadian soil, involved Canadian forces, or had a significant effect on the country and its people. The conflicts range from early warfare among First Nations to today’s war on terror.
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Lieutenant-Colonel John By (7 August 1779 – 1 February 1836) was an English military engineer, best remembered for supervising the construction of the Rideau Canal and, in the process, founding what would become the city of Ottawa. The resulting settlement, called Bytown in his honour, would later become famous under the new name of Ottawa.

Born in Lambeth in London, England in 1779, By studied at the Royal Military Academy. He was commissioned in the Royal Artillery on 1 August 1799 but transferred to the Royal Engineers on 20 December the same year.

In 1802 he was posted to Canada for the first time, where he worked on the fortification of Quebec City and on improving the navigability of the Saint Lawrence River.

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Ottawa in the fall - (left to right) - above the Ottawa River: Alexandra Bridge | glass section of the National Gallery of Canada | Fairmont Château Laurier Hotel (pale building with turrets) | Rideau Canal Locks | Parliament Hill – Parliament of Canada Building | Library of Parliament (round shaped) | Peace Tower | downtown buildings, offices | Ottawa Marriott Hotel (circular roof structure) | The Supreme Court of Canada Building (above trees, grey with black roof) | Library and Archives Canada (last large white building)

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