Portal:Royal Navy

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The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). From the early 18th century to the middle of the 20th century, it was the largest and most powerful navy in the world, playing a key part in establishing the British Empire as the dominant power of the 19th and early 20th centuries. In WWII, the Royal Navy operated almost 600 ships. During the Cold War, it was transformed into a primarily anti-submarine force, hunting for Soviet submarines, mostly active in the North Atlantic Ocean. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, its role for the 21st century has returned to focus on global expeditionary (blue water) operations.

The Royal Navy is the second-largest navy in NATO in terms of the combined tonnage of its fleet. Its global power projection capabilities are deemed second only to the United States Navy. There are currently 91 commissioned ships in the Royal Navy, including aircraft carriers, submarines, mine counter-measures and patrol vessels. There are also the support vessels of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary.

The Royal Navy is a constituent component of the Naval Service, which also comprises the Royal Marines, Royal Fleet Auxiliary and associated reserve forces under command. The Naval Service had 38,710 regular personnel as of November 2006.


Selected battle

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The Battle of Cape Matapan was a World War II naval battle fought off the Peloponnesian coast of Greece from March 27 to March 29, 1941. A combined force of British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy ships under the command of the British Admiral Andrew Cunningham intercepted and sank or severely damaged those of the Italian Regia Marina, under Admiral Angelo Iachino. As a result, Italian naval activity in the eastern Mediterranean was halted, and activity elsewhere was severely limited.

The battle, or at least its opening actions, is also known as the Battle of Gaudo in Italy.


Selected ship

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HMS Victory is a 104-gun ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built between 1759 and 1765. She was constructed at Chatham Dockyard, and was something of an unusual occurrence at the time; during the whole of the 18th century only ten first-rates were constructed. The Royal Navy preferred smaller and more manoeuvrable ships and it was unusual for more than two first-rates to be in commission simultaneously. Victory was Horatio Nelson's flagship at the Battle of Trafalgar. In 1812, her active career ended, and over the next century, she served as a depot ship and signals school before restoration work began in 1922. She opened as a museum in 1928, although conservation and restoration work is still ongoing. Currently, Victory sits in dry dock in Portsmouth as a museum ship. She is the oldest naval ship still in commission and the only remaining ship of the line except for the Regalskeppet Vasa.



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Selected picture

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HMS Triumph floodlit in Rio de Janeiro.

Photograph taken from [1].


Selected biography

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Admiral of the Fleet Prince Louis of Battenberg, GCB, GCVO, KCMG, PC (24 May 1854 – 11 September 1921), later known as Louis Alexander Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, was a minor German prince who married a granddaughter of Britain's Queen Victoria and pursued a distinguished career in the United Kingdom's Royal Navy, becoming a protégé of his future king, Edward VII.

The Queen and Prince of Wales occasionally intervened in his career—the Queen thought that there was "a belief that the Admiralty are afraid of promoting Officers who are Princes on account of the radical attacks of low papers and scurrilous ones". However, Louis welcomed battle assignments that provided opportunities for him to acquire the skills of war and to demonstrate to his superiors that he was serious about his naval career. Posts on royal yachts and tours actually impeded his progress, as his promotions were perceived as royal favours rather than deserved. However, he rose through the command ranks on his own merit and eventually served as First Sea Lord, the senior uniformed officer in the Royal Navy, from 1912 to 1914 until he was forced to resign when anti-German feeling was running high at the start of World War I.

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Major topics

Royal Navy
Major engagements Notable personnel Notable ships Equipment & Technology See also

War of the Grand Alliance
Battles of Barfleur and La Hogue

War of the Spanish Succession
Battle of Vigo Bay

War of the Austrian Succession
First Battle of Cape Finisterre
Second battle of Cape Finisterre
Battle of Havana

Seven Years War
Battle of Quiberon Bay
Battle of Lagos
Battle of Restigouche

American war of Independence
Battle of the Chesapeake
Battle of St. Kitts
Battle of the Saintes
First Ushant
Battle of Cape St. Vincent (1780)
Battle of Dogger Bank (1781)
Second Ushant
Battle of Cape Spartel

French Revolutionry War
Glorious First of June
Battle of Genoa
Battle of Groix
Battle of Cape St Vincent
Battle of Camperdown
Battle of the Nile
Battle of Tory Island

War of the Second Coalition
First Battle of Copenhagen
Battle of Algeciras Bay

Napoleonic Wars
Battle of Cape Santa Maria
Battle of Cape Finisterre
Battle of Trafalgar
Battle of Cape Ortegal
Battle of San Domingo
Battle of Zealand Point
Battle of Lissa

Barbary Wars
Bombardment of Algiers

Greek War of Independence
Battle of Navarino

World War I
Battle of Heligoland Bight
Battle of the Falkland Islands
Battle of Dogger Bank
Battle of Coronel
Battle of Jutland

World War II
Battle of the Atlantic
Battle of the Mediterranean
Battle of the Malacca Strait
Battle of Normandy

1945-Present
Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation
Battle of Goose Green
Operation Telic
Not all battles included

Seven Years War
Edward Hawke
Edward Boscawen

American war of Independence
George Rodney
Samuel Hood
Richard Howe
Thomas Graves

French Revolutionry War
Adam Duncan
John Jervis

Napoleonic Wars
Horatio Nelson
Cuthbert Collingwood
James Saumarez
Thomas Cochrane
Robert Calder
Edward Codrington
Edward Pellew

World War I
David Beatty
John Jellicoe
Jackie Fisher
Roger Keyes
Doveton Sturdee

World War II
James Fownes Somerville
Andrew Cunningham
Bruce Fraser

pre - 1800
Mary Rose
HMS Golden Hind
HMS Revenge
HMS Victory

1800-1900
HMS Beagle
HMS Warrior

1900 - 1945
HMS Dreadnought
HMS Hood
HMS Royal Oak

1945 -
HMS Conqueror
HMS Daring

Customs and traditions of the Royal Navy
List of famous ships and sailors of the Royal Navy
Rating system of the Royal Navy
Naval tactics in the Age of Sail


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