Portal:London Transport

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THE LONDON TRANSPORT PORTAL

London Transport
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The London Transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from two international railway stations at St Pancras International and Stratford International, which connect to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.

London is the starting point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

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Paulhan landing at didsbury 1910.jpg
The 1910 London to Manchester air race took place between two aviators, each of whom attempted to win a heavier-than-air powered flight challenge between London and Manchester first proposed by the Daily Mail newspaper in 1906. The £10,000 prize was won in April 1910 by Frenchman Louis Paulhan.

The first to make the attempt was Claude Grahame-White, an Englishman from Hampshire. He took off from London on 23 April 1910, and made his first planned stop at Rugby. His biplane subsequently suffered engine problems, forcing him to land again, near Lichfield. High winds made it impossible for Grahame-White to continue his journey, and his aeroplane suffered further damage on the ground when it was blown over.

While Grahame-White's aeroplane was being repaired in London, late on 27 April Paulhan took off, heading for Lichfield. A few hours later Grahame-White was made aware of Paulhan's departure, and immediately set off in pursuit. The next morning, after an unprecedented night-time take-off, he almost caught up with Paulhan, but his aeroplane was overweight and he was forced to concede defeat. Paulhan reached Manchester early on 28 April, winning the challenge. Both aviators celebrated his victory at a special luncheon held at the Savoy Hotel in London.

The event marked the first long-distance aeroplane race in England, the first take-off of a heavier-than-air machine at night, and the first powered flight into Manchester from outside the city. Paulhan repeated the journey in April 1950, the fortieth anniversary of the original flight, this time as a passenger aboard a British jet fighter.

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Edward William Watkin, Vanity Fair, 1875-11-06.jpg
Sir Edward William Watkin, 1st Baronet (26 September 1819 - 13 April 1901) was chairman or a director of many British railways including the Metropolitan Railway (MR), the South Eastern Railway (SER) and the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (MS&LR). He was intermittently a member of parliament, representing Hythe from 1874 to 1895.

Through his leadership of the MR, SER and MS&LR, Watkin had the amibtion to construct a new mainline railway connecting the north of England, via London and Kent to the continent. Although his plans for a channel tunnel to be constructed by his Anglo-French Submarine Railway were never realised, the MS&LR constructed its London extension in the 1890s from Annesley, Nottinghamshire to the MR's station at Quainton Road in Buckinghamshire to a continental loading gauge. Reflecting its enhanced connections the MS&LR changed its name to the Great Central Railway in 1987.

To encourage tourist day-trips on the MR, Watkin planned a pleasure grounds at Wembley Park, with a large tower, "Watkin's Tower", intended to be larger than the Eiffel Tower. The park opened in 1896, but because of cost and structural problems, the tower was never completed and was demolished after Watkin's death. The site was subsequently used for Wembley Stadium.

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Early logo for the Underground Electric Railways Company of London, 1908.
Credit: DavidCane

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1910 London to Manchester air race · Albert Bridge, London · Aldwych tube station · Baker Street and Waterloo Railway · Battersea Bridge · Brill railway station · Brill Tramway · Central London Railway · Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway · Chelsea Bridge · City & South London Railway · Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway · Herne Hill railway station · Holden, Charles · List of former and unopened London Underground stations · List of London Underground stations · List of works by Charles Holden · London Necropolis Company · Metropolitan Railway · Pick, Frank · Quainton Road railway station · RAF Northolt · Richmond Bridge, London · Speyer, Edgar · Stanley, Albert, 1st Baron Ashfield · Timeline of the London Underground · Underground Electric Railways Company of London · Vauxhall Bridge · Waddesdon Road railway station · Wandsworth Bridge · Westcott railway station · Wood Siding railway station · Wotton railway station
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Brill Tramway · Underground Electric Railways Company of London
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A1 in London · A215 road · Barlow, William Henry · Blackwall Tunnel · Bow Back Rivers · British Airways · British Airways, History of · BOAC Flight 712 · Chesham branch · Chiswick Bridge · Denmark Street · District Railway · Embankment tube station · Eurostar · Fowler, Sir John, 1st Baronet · Gloucester Road tube station · Hammersmith & City line · Hammerton's Ferry · High Speed 1 · Holborn tube station · Infrastructure of the Brill Tramway · London Country North East · London Necropolis Railway · London Necropolis railway station · London Paddington station · London Underground departmental stock · M11 link road protest · Pearson, Charles · South Kensington tube station · Tillingbourne Bus Company · Upminster Bridge tube station · Westminster tube station · Wimbledon and Sutton Railway

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