Portal:London Transport

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THE LONDON TRANSPORT PORTAL

London Transport
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The London Transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from two international railway stations at St Pancras International and Stratford International, which connect to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.

London is the starting point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

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Routemaster RM758.jpg Hackney carriage.jpg Westminster.tube.station.jubilee.arp.jpg Unit 378013 at Imperial Wharf.JPG DLR unit 109 at Heron Quays.JPG Tramlink-Beckenham Jn.jpg Eurostar at St Pancras Jan 2008.jpg Savoy Pier.jpg BA Planes T4 2004.jpg
Buses Taxis Underground Overground DLR Tramlink National Rail River Services Heathrow Airport
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London Underground Zone 1.png
Tube map is the commonly-used name for the schematic diagram that represents the lines, stations, and zones of London's rapid transit rail system, the London Underground.

The first coordinated map of London's underground railway lines was produced in 1908 and highlighted the routes on a traditional map also showing other geographical features. During the 1920s attempts were made to make the map more readable by removing unnecessary information until only the River Thames remained; the maps remained geographic.

The current version is a schematic diagram and no longer represents geography but relationships. It considerably distorts the actual relative positions of stations, but accurately represents their sequential and connective relationships with each other and their placement within the zones. The basic design concepts, especially that of mapping topologically, have been widely adopted around the world for other route maps.

The original schematic map was designed in 1931 by Underground employee Harry Beck, who realised that, because the railway ran mostly underground, the physical locations of the stations were irrelevant to the travellers; only the topology of the system mattered. Beck based his diagram on a similar mapping system for underground sewage systems.

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Sir Edgar Speyer.jpg
Sir Edgar Speyer, 1st Baronet (7 September 1862 – 16 February 1932) was an American-born financier and philanthropist. He became a British subject in 1892 and was chairman of Speyer Brothers, the British branch of his family's international finance house, and a partner in the German and American branches. He was chairman of the Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL, forerunner of the London Underground) from 1906 to 1915, a period during which the company opened three underground railway lines, electrified a fourth and took over two more.

Speyer was a supporter of the musical arts and a friend of several leading composers, including Edward Elgar, Richard Strauss and Claude Debussy. He was chairman of the Classical Music Society for ten years, and he largely funded the Promenade Concerts between 1902 and 1914. His non-musical charitable activities included being honorary treasurer of the fund for Captain Scott's Antarctic expedition. For his philanthropy he was made a baronet in 1906 and a Privy Counsellor in 1909.

After the start of the World War I, he became the subject of anti-German attacks in the Press. In 1915, Speyer offered to resign from the Privy Council and to relinquish his baronetcy, but the Prime Minister turned down the offer. He resigned as chairman of the UERL and went to the United States. In 1921, the British government investigated accusations that Speyer had traded with the enemy during the war, and had participated in other wartime conduct incompatible with his status as a British subject. Speyer denied the charges, but his naturalisation was revoked and he was struck off the list of members of the Privy Council.

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Tower bridge London Twilight - November 2006.jpg
Tower bridge; a bascule bridge across the River Thames.

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Did you know...
  • ...that sculptor Henry Moore's first public commission in 1928-29 was a relief sculpture West Wind for the Underground's headquarters at 55 Broadway?
  • ...that at Euston Underground station, a passenger changing between the Victoria line and Northern line Bank branch will find that trains on adjacent platforms travel in opposite directions even though both are either northbound or southbound?

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Maps
Geographic London Underground maps
London Underground Zone 1 Highlighted.svg London Underground full map.svg
Central area Complete network

Official maps
Tube · Overground · DLR · London Connections · Bus · Tramlink · Cycle hire
River · Congestion Charge Zone · Low Emission Zone · Source London

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1910 London to Manchester air race · Albert Bridge, London · Aldwych tube station · Baker Street and Waterloo Railway · Battersea Bridge · Brill railway station · Brill Tramway · Central London Railway · Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway · Chelsea Bridge · City & South London Railway · Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway · Herne Hill railway station · Holden, Charles · List of former and unopened London Underground stations · List of London Underground stations · List of works by Charles Holden · London Necropolis Company · Metropolitan Railway · Pick, Frank · Quainton Road railway station · RAF Northolt · Richmond Bridge, London · Speyer, Edgar · Stanley, Albert, 1st Baron Ashfield · Timeline of the London Underground · Underground Electric Railways Company of London · Vauxhall Bridge · Waddesdon Road railway station · Wandsworth Bridge · Westcott railway station · Wood Siding railway station · Wotton railway station
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Brill Tramway · Underground Electric Railways Company of London
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A1 in London · A215 road · Acton Town tube station · Angel tube station · Barlow, William Henry · Blackwall Tunnel · Bow Back Rivers · British Airways · British Airways, History of · BOAC Flight 712 · Chesham branch · Chiswick Bridge · Denmark Street · District Railway · Down Street tube station · Embankment tube station · Eurostar · Fowler, Sir John, 1st Baronet · Gloucester Road tube station · Hammersmith & City line · Hammerton's Ferry · High Speed 1 · Holborn tube station · Infrastructure of the Brill Tramway · London Country North East · London Necropolis Railway · London Necropolis railway station · London Underground departmental stock · M11 link road protest · Morden tube station · Pearson, Charles · South Kensington tube station · Tillingbourne Bus Company · Upminster Bridge tube station · Westminster tube station · Wimbledon and Sutton Railway

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Transport in London
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