Portal:London Transport

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THE LONDON TRANSPORT PORTAL

London Transport
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The London Transport system is one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the London Underground, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

Most transport services in London are controlled by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Greater London Authority. TfL-controlled services include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, the London Overground, Buses and Trams, most of which accept payment by the Oyster card. TfL also administers the congestion charge zone and the low emission zone.

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations linking to the rest of the country. International travel is possible from two international railway stations at St Pancras International and Stratford International, which connect to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service, or from one of six international airports, including Heathrow or Gatwick.

London is the starting point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

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Stratford Station London UK.jpg
Stratford station is a railway station in the London Borough of Newham, East London served by National Rail, London Underground and Docklands Light Railway lines. It is in Travelcard Zone 3.

Stratford station was opened in 1839 by the Eastern Counties Railway (ECR). London Underground Central line services started on 4 December 1946. Services were extended to Leyton on 5 May 1947 and then on to the former London and North Eastern Railway branch lines to Epping, Ongar and Hainault progressively until 1949.

The Docklands Light Railway opened on 31 August 1987 reusing redundant rail routes through the Bow and Poplar areas to reach the new Docklands developments on the Isle of Dogs.

The Low Level station (served by the North London line) underwent a major rebuilding programme in the late 1990s as part of the Jubilee Line Extension works. This saw the construction of a large steel and glass building designed by Wilkinson Eyre and a new replacement booking hall. The Jubilee line opened to passengers on 14 May 1999, with services initially running only as far as Canning Town station.

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Edward Johnston, CBE (11 February 1872 – 26 November 1944) was a British craftsman who is regarded, with Rudolf Koch, as the father of modern calligraphy, in the form of the broad edged pen as a writing tool, a particular form of calligraphy. He was born in San José, Uruguay. Johnston started teaching at the Central School of Arts and Crafts in London's Southampton Row, where he influenced the typeface designer and sculptor Eric Gill. Then he moved on to the Royal College of Art and many students were inspired by his teachings. In 1912 Johnston followed Gill to Ditchling where he died in 1944.

He is most famous for designing the sans-serif Johnston typeface that was used throughout the London Underground system until it was re-designed in the 1980s, as well as the famous roundel symbol used throughout the system.

He has also been credited for reviving the art of modern penmanship and lettering single-handedly through his books and teachings. Johnston also devised the simply crafted round calligraphic handwriting style, written with a broad pen, known as the foundational hand. In 1921, students of Johnston founded the Society of Scribes & Illuminators (SSI), probably the world's foremost calligraphy society.

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Planes waiting at Heathrow Airport's Terminal 4.
Credit: Mariordo

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1910 London to Manchester air race · Albert Bridge, London · Aldwych tube station · Baker Street and Waterloo Railway · Battersea Bridge · Brill railway station · Brill Tramway · Central London Railway · Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway · Chelsea Bridge · City & South London Railway · Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway · Herne Hill railway station · Holden, Charles · List of former and unopened London Underground stations · List of London Underground stations · List of works by Charles Holden · London Necropolis Company · Metropolitan Railway · Pick, Frank · Quainton Road railway station · RAF Northolt · Richmond Bridge, London · Speyer, Edgar · Stanley, Albert, 1st Baron Ashfield · Timeline of the London Underground · Underground Electric Railways Company of London · Vauxhall Bridge · Waddesdon Road railway station · Wandsworth Bridge · Westcott railway station · Wood Siding railway station · Wotton railway station
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Brill Tramway · Underground Electric Railways Company of London
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A1 in London · A215 road · Barlow, William Henry · Blackwall Tunnel · Bow Back Rivers · British Airways · British Airways, History of · BOAC Flight 712 · Chesham branch · Chiswick Bridge · Denmark Street · District Railway · Embankment tube station · Eurostar · Fowler, Sir John, 1st Baronet · Gloucester Road tube station · Hammersmith & City line · Hammerton's Ferry · High Speed 1 · Holborn tube station · Infrastructure of the Brill Tramway · London Country North East · London Necropolis Railway · London Necropolis railway station · London Paddington station · London Underground departmental stock · M11 link road protest · Morden tube station · Pearson, Charles · South Kensington tube station · Tillingbourne Bus Company · Upminster Bridge tube station · Westminster tube station · Wimbledon and Sutton Railway

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