Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly Resolution 1416 (2005)

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Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly (PACE) Resolution 1416 (2005) is PACE Resolution 1416, titled “The conflict over the Nagorno-Karabakh region dealt with by the OSCE Minsk Conference”, is a resolution of PACE about the situation on occupied territories of Azerbaijan by Armenian military forces, adopted by PACE on January 25, 2005.[1]

Text of resolution[edit]

In this resolution, the co-signers of PACE reiterate that “considerable parts of the territory of Azerbaijan are still occupied by Armenian forces, and separatist forces are still in control of the Nagorno-Karabakh region.”[2] At the same time PACE underlined its concerns about “widespread ethnic hostilities which preceded it, led to large-scale ethnic expulsion and the creation of mono-ethnic areas which resemble the terrible concept of ethnic cleansing.“[3] By stating that “independence and secession of a regional territory from a state may only be achieved through a lawful and peaceful process based on the democratic support of the inhabitants of such territory and not in the wake of an armed conflict leading to ethnic expulsion and the de facto annexation of such territory to another state.”, PACE rejected claims that regional territories with minorities have an absolute right to secession.

PACE “recalls Resolutions 822 (1993), 853 (1993), 874 (1993) and 884 (1993) of the United Nations Security Council and urges the parties concerned to comply with them, in particular … by withdrawing military forces from any occupied territories”.[4] This document is an important international document asserting participation of military forces of Republic of Armenia in occupation of Azerbaijani lands. The Resolution of PACE is a document adopted in sake of peaceful resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh settlement. The Resolution calls upon parties to use only peaceful means for settling the conflict. The same concerns were put forward by PACE in its resolution dated 20 May 2010.[5]

As it was stated in the text of the Resolution, PACE “is seriously concerned that hundreds of thousands of refugees and IDPs who fled their homes during or in connection with the Nagorno-Karabakh war remain displaced and denied their rights, including the right to return, property rights and the right to personal security; … demands, in this regard, the withdrawal of Armenian forces from all occupied territories of Azerbaijan”.

Draft resolution[edit]

The draft of the resolution was prepared by the Political Affairs Committee of PACE, where the most concern appeared as “displacing of hundreds of thousands of people” from their lands and occupation of the “considerable parts of the territory of Azerbaijan by Armenian forces”.[6]

In an explanatory memorandum prepared by David Atkinson of the United Kingdom, European Democrat Group, it was asserted that the borders of Azerbaijan were internationally recognised at the time of the country being recognised as independent state in 1991 and this territory of Azerbaijan included the Nagorno-Karabakh region.[7]

See also[edit]

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