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Role Autogyro
Manufacturer PAL-V
Designer C. Klok (exterior design)
First flight March 2012
Status In test
Number built 1

PAL-V (Personal Air and Land Vehicle) is a Dutch company who are developing a roadable aircraft, the PAL-V One.[1]

The PAL-V in flight is an autogyro or gyrocopter, with a foldable pusher propeller providing forward thrust and a free-spinning rotor providing lift. Directional stability is provided by twin boom-mounted tailfins.

It has a tricycle undercarriage with relatively large wheels.

On the ground, the propeller and rotor are stopped and power is diverted to the wheels, allowing it to travel as a three-wheeled car. Unusually, it leans into turns like a motorcycle, a solution pioneered by the Carver vehicle, also produced by a Dutch company.[2][3] However, the PAL-V does not tilt as a Carver but like the BMW "Simple Concept" from 2009[4][5]

The PAL-V One has two seats and a 160 kW flight certified gasoline engine, giving it a top speed of 180 km/h (112 mph) on land and in air, and a Maximum Takeoff Weight of 910 kg.[6]

Operational History[edit]

A prototype model has been test flown in 2012.[7] The company are seeking funds to develop the type for production.[8][9] Estimated unit price in 2012 was around $300,000.[10]
In May 2014 the manufacturer announced the flying car will be taken in production, with a limited first production run of 45 units at 500,000 euro each, with orders being taken from later that year, and first deliveries in 2016.[11]


Data from GizMag[6] and[12]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 2
  • Length: 13 ft 1 in (4 m) with rotor folded
  • Width: 5 ft 3 in (1.6 m) with rotor folded
  • Height: 5 ft 3 in (1.6 m) with rotor folded
  • Empty weight: 1,499 lb (680 kg)
  • Gross weight: 2,006 lb (910 kg)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed


  • Maximum speed: 97 kn (112 mph; 180 km/h)
  • Stall speed: 27 kn (31 mph; 50 km/h)
  • Never exceed speed: 97 kn (112 mph; 180 km/h)- Range: 220-315 mile range inflight, 750mile range on land.


  1. ^ PAL-V website
  2. ^ "PAL-V One: Future Fantasy Trike" Future Cars. 15 May 2010 (outdated specs). Quote: "PAL-V One incorporates the Dynamic Vehicle Control (DVC™) technology pioneered in the 3-wheeled Carver One"
  3. ^ "Dutchmen invent plausible flying car" TopGear, 3 April 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012. Quote: "PAL-V features the same Dynamic Vehicle Control system used on the Carver ONE"
  4. ^ BMW video
  5. ^ [1] From PAL-V technical brochure
  6. ^ a b Quick, Darren. "PAL-V flying car makes successful first test flight" GizMag, 2 April 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  7. ^ "Notable Roadable". Sport Aviation: 16. May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Will sales of flying car take off?" BBC News, 2 April 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  9. ^ [2] An embedded video of the PAL-V in ground and air operation
  10. ^ Flying car makes maiden voyage (57 pictures) Washington Post, 3 April 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  11. ^ "Vliegende auto Pal-V One uit Raamsdonksveer in productie, te koop voor 500.000 euro" [Flying car Pal-V One from Raamsdonksveer in production, for sale at 500,000 euro] (in Dutch). Retrieved 7 May 2014. 
  12. ^ "Pal-V One Target Specifications". Retrieved 4 April 2012.