PCBM is a fullerene derivative of the C60buckyball that was first synthesized in the 1990s by Fred Wudl's group. It is an electron acceptor material and is often used in plastic solar cells or flexible electronics in conjunction with electron donor materials such as P3HT or other polymers. It is a more practical choice for an electron acceptor when compared with fullerenes because of its solubility in chlorobenzene. This allows for solution processable donor/acceptor mixes, a necessary property for "printable" solar cells. However, considering the cost of fabricating fullerenes, it is not certain that this derivative can be synthesized on a large scale for commercial applications.
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