PFC Cherno More Varna

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Cherno More
Cherno More Varna logo.png
Full name Професионален футболен клуб Черно Море Варна
(Professional football club Cherno More Varna)
Nickname(s) Моряците (The Sailors)
Short name Cherno More
Founded March 3, 1913; 101 years ago (1913-03-03)
Ground Ticha Stadium, Varna
Ground Capacity 8,250
Owner Bulgaria Marin Mitev[1]
Chairman Bulgaria Marin Marinov
Manager Bulgaria Nikola Spasov
League A Group
2013–14 A Group, 6th
Website Club home page
Current season

PFC Cherno More Varna (Bulgarian: ПФК Черно Море Варна), or simply Cherno More (Bulgarian: ПФК Черно Море) is a Bulgarian professional football club from the city of Varna, which currently competes in Bulgaria's top football league, the A PFG.

As suggested, the club is named after the Black Sea. Cherno More's home ground is the Ticha Stadium, which has a seating capacity of 8,250 spectators. To date, the club has won the championship four times and has been a runner-up for the Bulgarian Cup twice.

Honours[edit]

Domestic[edit]

Bulgarian State Football Championship:

  • Winners (4): 1925, 1926, 1934 (as Vladislav Varna)
    1938 (as Ticha Varna)
  • Runners-up (7): 1935, 1936 (as Ticha Varna)
    1928, 1930, 1938, 1939 (as Vladislav Varna)
  • Third-place (2): 1939 (as Ticha Varna)

Bulgarian A PFG:

  • Third place (2): 1953, 2009
  • Four place (2) : 1969, 1982

Bulgarian Cup:

  • Runners-up (2): 2006, 2008

Cup of the Soviet Army

  • Runners-up (2): 1985,1988

International[edit]

Bucharest Cup:

  • Winners (1): 1925 (as Ticha Varna)

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Оn March 3, 1913, Varna's naval academy for men became the birth place of association football in the country. Here is created the Galata sports association, which later on, in 1913, by the suggestion of a school teacher named Karel Shkorpil, changed its name to Reka Ticha, using the former name of the Kamchia river. Over the next years, it slowly combined with the Sportist sports club and grew into an association of the education, a sports club and the tourism in Varna. The football department of the sports club dominated against all of the clubs in the city, whose existence is quite short. Soon, the first official football match of Ticha, played in 1915, with the 21st Pomeranski polk is a success, and 2 years later, in 1917, so is the first inter-city match. The growth of Bulgarian football required knowledge of the rules, so in 1919, Ticha published for the first time in Bulgaria the book: "Football - rules and admonitions".

Vladislav Varna in 1925. Vladislav was one of the predecessors of Cherno More.

Significant were the first meetings between Ticha and the capital teams. In early 1919, the first away game against Levski Sofia was celebrated with the first away victory for the team - 4:1. The same went for Slavia Sofia, a 3:0 win. On the return game as guests, the players again won easy against Slavia Sofia with 1:0. Unfortunately, the game with Levski Sofia didn't take place, because the city mayor didn't allow it, since there were protests from dock workers the same day. However, these victories against the capital teams were continued not only by Ticha, but from the city rivals Vladislav and Shipchenski Sokol as well.

On January 21, 1919, the association changed its name to Sports Club Ticha, and the kit colours of the outfit were chosen to be red and white. The same year, the famous Bulgarian musician Nikola Nitsov wrote the official anthem of the club.

In 1925, the international successes came nearby. SC Ticha won the Cup of Bucharest, the first international football trophy won by a football club from Bulgaria. The European matches of Ticha easily earned the 1st place of favor among most of the football fans in Varna. The same and the following year, SC Ticha made another remarkable achievement, twice winning the football title of Bulgaria. A few years later, the club managed to finish in 2nd place in the 1934/35 and in the 1935/36 season. Soon, in 1937, the football governing body in the country created the National Football Division. Several reforms were made in the football clubs, but during the two half-seasons in 1937/38, Ticha dominated and it was one of the best football teams in Bulgaria, despite finishing the table in the 2nd place at the end of the season.

The establishment[edit]

In 1945, the two former city club rivals, SC Ticha and FC Vladislav merged to establish a new club, named TVP-45 (a few years later SC Primorec was also invited to join TV-45 so the name of the association was changed to "TVP".). This marked the creation of a new sports association, which met the development requirements of the leading communist authorities at that time. In the following years, due to these requirements, the club's name was forced to be changed several times to Botev pri DNA (1948–1950), VMS (1950–1955), SCNA (1956–1957), ASC Botev Varna (1957–1959) and many others.

In 1953, VMS, won most of the matches with the capital teams, and finally managed to finish the season in the 3rd place and to participate in the European club competitions.

In 1959, the football club merge with second division team of Cherno More (The Bulgarian name of the Black Sea) and is known by this name to present date. The recently appointed new coach Ivan Mokanov managed to put together a stable team, which starting line-up was constant, as much in the field, as in their love for the association. These years, many friendly club matches were made and famous football clubs came to Varna in order to compare skills, giving Cherno More's players more experience and self-confidence. One of these matches, was the remarkable victory against AFC Ajax in 1966, won with 3:1, in which the young Johan Cruijff took participation.

Many players from that Cherno More generation founded place among the different national teams. The national jersey have put on Ivan Ivanov, Nikola Dimitrov, Zdravko Mitev, Stefan Bogomilov, Damyan Georgiev, while others made just the bench. Then followed years of planting roots in the youth academy, which produced talented competitors, worthy of their ancestors. The successes came in the Republican League, where the youth teams, minors, juveniles, and seniors were always in the final stage of the competitions.

Recent years[edit]

In the 2007-08 season, the sailors finished 5th in A PFG and qualified for the last season of the UEFA Cup, due to the license problems of CSKA Sofia. Led by their captain Alex they had a very successful run - they defeated UE Sant Julia from Andora in the first qualifying round (9-0 on aggregate)[2] and Maccabi Netanya from Israel in the second qualifying round (3-1 on aggregate). Cherno More than challenged German side VfB Stuttgart in the 1st round and were eliminated after a 1-2 loss at home and a surprising 2-2 draw in Stuttgart. The same season in the domestic league was also very successful for the team, which finished 3rd in A PFG, and qualified for the newly created Europa League.

Cherno More started the new 2009-10 season with the debut of the team in the UEFA Europa League. The sailors defeated Iskra-Stal in the second qualifying round (4-0 on aggregate) and were drawn to play against the Dutch powerhouse PSV Eindhoven in the third qualifying round.[3] The team from Varna was eliminated after a 0-1 loss at Eindhoven and another 0-1 loss at the Lazur Stadium in Burgas.

Chronology of the names[edit]

Year(s)
1913–1919 Reka Ticha
1919–1945 Ticha
1945–47 Ticha-Vladislav-45 (TV-45)
1948–50 Botev pri DNA
1950–55 VMS
1956-57 SCNA
1957-59 ASC Botev
1959-69 ASC Cherno More
1969-85 FSVD Cherno More
1985 Cherno More

Recent seasons[edit]

Season Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Cup Notes
2004-05 A PFG 8 30 10 5 15 30 38 35 1/16
2005-06 A PFG 8 28 10 7 11 29 27 37 Runner-up
2006-07 A PFG 6 30 14 5 11 37 29 47 1/8
2007-08 A PFG 5 30 13 9 8 40 26 48 Runner-up
2008-09 A PFG 3 30 18 6 6 48 19 63 1/16
2009-10 A PFG 7 30 13 9 8 40 28 48 1/4
2010-11 A PFG 6 30 15 6 9 36 28 51 1/4
2011-12 A PFG 7 30 16 4 10 46 25 52 1/16
2012-13 A PFG 10 30 9 8 13 33 39 35 1/8
2013-14 A PFG 6 38 14 12 12 40 33 54 1/8

European cup history[edit]

Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate
2007 UEFA Intertoto Cup 2R Republic of Macedonia Makedonija GP 4-0 3-0 7-0
3R Italy U.C. Sampdoria 0-1 0-1 0-2
2008/09 UEFA Cup 1Q Andorra UE Sant Julia 4-0 5-0 9-0
2Q Israel Maccabi Netanya 2-0 1-1 3-1
1 Germany VfB Stuttgart 1-2 2-2 3-4
2009/10 UEFA Europa League 2Q Moldova Iskra-Stal 1-0 3-0 4-0
3Q Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 0-1 0-1 0-2

Stadium[edit]

Ticha Stadium

Ticha Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Varna, Bulgaria. It is currently used for football matches and is the home ground of Cherno More. It is situated in the north-eastern part of Varna. Built in 1968, the stadium currently has a capacity of 12,500 seating places, spread in two opposite stands. The main north stand has a roof cover and holds 7,000 spectators, while the opposite south stand has a seating capacity of 5,500 spectators. The south stand is commonly used by the Cherno More ultras and the away fans. The current stadium was built with the help of hundreds of volunteers and fans of the club.

It was officially announced, that the club will move to a new stadium,[4] which will replace the unused Yuri Gagarin Stadium and the current Ticha. The stadium will have a capacity of 30,000 spectators. The stadium, as part of Sport Complex Varna, will have an underground parking area, convertible roof covers, office lounges, two-tier stands and four 50 meter towers, which will block the pressure of the terrain and bring the stadium in a shape of a ship. The convertible roof covers will be made of transparent panels, which will allow the light of the floodlights to stream inside the pitch on a night match. The venue will be awarded with an Elite Stadium rating by UEFA.

Statistics and records[edit]

Todor Marev holds A PFG's and Cherno More's overall appearances record — 422 matches for 19 seasons (from 1971 to 1990).

Cherno More's all-time leading scorer is Stefan Bogomilov, who scored 161 goals for the club (from 1962 to 1977). The club's second highest scorer is Nikola Dimitrov, who scored 63 goals. Bogomilov also holds the club record of 4 hat tricks. Brazilian player Marcos Da Silva holds the club's and A PFG's record for the fastest goal - 12 seconds after the referee's first signal, against PFC Chernomorets Burgas Sofia on April 6, 2007.

Cherno More's biggest victories in A PFG are the 8-0 wins against Cherveno Zname Pavlikeni in 1955 and Maritsa Plovdiv in 1968. Cherno More's largest defeat, 1–8, was against Lokomotiv Plovdiv in 2004. Also, the club's win against UE Sant Julia, 5-0, in 2008, was the largest European win in the club's history.

Current squad[edit]

As of 2 August 2014
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Bulgaria GK Iliya Nikolov
3 Bulgaria MF Daniel Georgiev
4 Bulgaria DF Mihail Venkov
5 Bulgaria DF Stefan Stanchev
6 Bulgaria DF Kiril Kotev (captain)
7 Bulgaria MF Bekir Rasim
8 Cape Verde MF Sténio
9 Spain FW Bacari
11 Bulgaria FW Zhivko Petkov
12 Bulgaria GK Hristiyan Hristov
13 Bulgaria MF Simeon Raykov
14 Bulgaria FW Georgi Bozhilov
17 Bulgaria MF Ivan Kokonov
No. Position Player
18 Poland MF Marcin Burkhardt
19 Martinique MF Mathias Coureur
20 Bulgaria FW Miroslav Manolov
24 Bulgaria DF Slavi Stalev
25 Bulgaria DF Sasho Aleksandrov
26 Bulgaria GK Ilko Pirgov
28 Bulgaria MF Aleksandar Popov
30 Bulgaria MF Dimo Atanasov
31 Bulgaria DF Martin Kostadinov
33 Bulgaria GK Georgi Kitanov
84 Bulgaria MF Todor Palankov
87 Bulgaria MF Aleksandar Yovchev
91 Bulgaria DF Zhivko Atanasov

For recent transfers, see List of Bulgarian football transfers summer 2014.

Foreign players[edit]

Up to three non-EU nationals can be registered and given a squad number for the first team in the A PFG. Those non-EU nationals with European ancestry can claim citizenship from the nation their ancestors came from. If a player does not have European ancestry he can claim Bulgarian citizenship after playing in Bulgaria for 5 years.

UEFA ranking[edit]

UEFA Club Coefficients

Rank Country Team Points
297 Bulgaria PFC Botev Plovdiv 4.075
298 Bulgaria PFC Lokomotiv Sofia 4.075
299 Bulgaria PFC Cherno More Varna 4.075
300 Latvia Skonto FC 4.000
301 Bosnia and Herzegovina HŠK Zrinjski Mostar 4.000

Club officials[edit]

Board of directors[edit]

Position Name Nationality
Owner Marin Mitev Bulgaria
Technical director Marin Marinov Bulgaria
Director of Communications Krasimir Nikolov Bulgaria
Director of Recruitment Todor Velikov Bulgaria

Current technical body[edit]

Position Name Nationality
Manager Nikola Spasov Bulgaria
Assistant Manager Vacant
Assistant Manager Emanuil Lukanov Bulgaria
Goalkeeper Coach Stoyan Stavrev Bulgaria
Fitness coach Veselin Markov Bulgaria

Coaches history[edit]

Coach Nat From To
Ivan Mokanov Bulgaria 1948 1960
Lozan Kotsev Bulgaria 1960 1962
Manol Manolov Bulgaria 1962 1963
Ivan Mokanov Bulgaria 1964 1968
Georgi Dimitrov Bulgaria 1968 1972
Spas Kirov Bulgaria 1972 1974
Stoyan Ormandzhiev Bulgaria 1974 1975
Georgi Dimitrov Bulgaria 1975 1976
Kiril Rakarov Bulgaria 1976 1977
Ivan Vasilev Bulgaria 1977 1979
Ivan Mokanov Bulgaria 1979 1980
Ivan Vasilev Bulgaria 1980 1981
Spas Kirov Bulgaria 1981 1983
Todor Velikov Bulgaria 1983 1985
Bozhil Kolev Bulgaria 1985 1989
Todor Velikov Bulgaria 1989 1990
Kevork Tahmisyan Bulgaria 1990 1991
Todor Velikov Bulgaria 1991 1992
Bozhil Kolev Bulgaria 1992 1994
Vachko Marinov Bulgaria 1994 1995
Nikola Spasov Bulgaria 1995 1996
Coach Nat From To
Asen Milushev Bulgaria 1996 1996
Damyan Georgiev Bulgaria 1996 1996
Tsonyo Vasilev Bulgaria 1997 1997
Todor Marev Bulgaria 1997 1997
Lyudmil Goranov Bulgaria 1997 1997
Rudi Minkovski Bulgaria 1997 1998
Svetozar Svetozarov Bulgaria 1998 1999
Radi Zdravkov Bulgaria 1999 2000
Bozhil Kolev Bulgaria 2000 2001
Aleksandar Stankov Bulgaria 2001 2002
Velislav Vutsov Bulgaria 2002 2004
Ilian Iliev Bulgaria 2004 2006
Yasen Petrov Bulgaria March 13, 2006 June 30, 2007
Nikola Spasov Bulgaria 2007 2009
Velizar Popov Bulgaria Sept 16, 2009 Oct 29, 2010
Stefan Genov Bulgaria Oct 30, 2010 Sept 24, 2012
Adalbert Zafirov Bulgaria Sept 25, 2012 Dec 2012
Georgi Ivanov Bulgaria Dec 17, 2012 May 19, 2014
Aleksandar Stankov Bulgaria May 22, 2014 August 18, 2014
Nikola Spasov Bulgaria August 19, 2014 present


Notable players[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marin Mitev: We want the title Sportni.bg. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
  2. ^ "Cherno More with new win against Sant Julia". Football24.bg. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  3. ^ "PSV will face Cherno More from Bulgaria". psv.nl. Retrieved 2009-07-23. 
  4. ^ "Varna Stadium". Sportcomplexvarna.com. 

External links[edit]

Official websites
Supporters websites