This gene encodes an enzyme involved in the first step of glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchor biosynthesis. The GPI anchor is a glycolipid found on many blood cells that serves to anchor proteins to the cell surface. The encoded protein is a component of the GPI-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase complex that catalyzes the transfer of N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) from UDP-GlcNAc to phosphatidylinositol (PI). This gene is located in the Down Syndrome critical region on chromosome 21 and is a candidate for the pathogenesis of Down syndrome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described.
^Shibuya K, Kudoh J, Minoshima S, Kawasaki K, Asakawa S, Shimizu N (Jun 2000). "Isolation of two novel genes, DSCR5 and DSCR6, from Down syndrome critical region on human chromosome 21q22.2". Biochem Biophys Res Commun271 (3): 693–8. doi:10.1006/bbrc.2000.2685. PMID10814524.
^Ferrando-Miguel R, Cheon MS, Lubec G (Jun 2004). "Protein levels of genes encoded on chromosome 21 in fetal Down Syndrome brain (Part V): overexpression of phosphatidyl-inositol-glycan class P protein (DSCR5)". Amino Acids26 (3): 255–61. doi:10.1007/s00726-004-0065-9. PMID15221505.
Choi DK, Suzuki Y, Yoshimura S, et al. (2001). "Molecular cloning and characterization of a gene expressed in mouse developing tongue, mDscr5 gene, a homolog of human DSCR5 (Down syndrome Critical Region gene 5)". Mamm. Genome12 (5): 347–51. doi:10.1007/s003350010283. PMID11331941.
Togashi T, Choi DK, Taylor TD, et al. (2001). "A novel gene, DSCR5, from the distal Down syndrome critical region on chromosome 21q22.2". DNA Res.7 (3): 207–12. doi:10.1093/dnares/7.3.207. PMID10907851.