PIK-11

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PIK-11 Tumppu
PIK-11 Tumppu.JPG
PIK-11 Tumppu in Finnish Aviation Museum
Role Sport aircraft
National origin Finland
Manufacturer Polyteknikkojen Ilmailukerho
First flight 15 March 1953
Number built 4

The PIK-11 Tumppu ("Mitten") was a single-seat, single-engine sport aircraft developed in Finland in the 1950s.[1] It was a low-wing, cantilever monoplane of conventional design with an enclosed cockpit and fixed, tailwheel undercarriage.[2] It was to be the first powered aircraft produced by Polyteknikkojen Ilmailukerho,[1] with the objective being building an aircraft for club use that was cheap to build and easy to fly.[2]

Design work was started in 1948 by Kai Mellen and Ilkka Lounanmaa under the direction of Professor Arvo Ylinen.[2] The first of four machines made its first flight on 15 March 1953.[2] The prototype is preserved at the Finnish Aviation Museum,[3] and another example was still listed on the Finnish Civil Aviation Authority registry in 2008.[4]

In the early 21st century, a flying replica was under construction, to be powered by a Rotax 912 engine.[5]


Specifications[edit]

Data from Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1955-56[6] & [7]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 5.5 m (18 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 8 m (26 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 1.65 m (5 ft 5 in) tail down
  • Empty weight: 238 kg (525 lb)
  • Gross weight: 373 kg (822 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Continental A65-8 4-cyl. horizontally-opposed air-cooled piston engine, 48 kW (65 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 220 km/h (137 mph; 119 kn) at sea level
  • Cruising speed: 170 km/h (106 mph; 92 kn) at sea level
  • Landing speed: 80 km/h (50 mph; 43 kn)
  • Never exceed speed: 280 km/h (174 mph; 151 kn)
  • Range: 700 km (435 mi; 378 nmi)
  • g limits: +5.5 -1.5
  • Rate of climb: 5.5 m/s (1,080 ft/min) initial
  • Time to altitude: 1,000 m (3,300 ft) in 3 minutes 10 seconds, 5,000 m (16,000 ft) in 31 minutes
  • Wing loading: 41 kg/m2 (8.4 lb/sq ft)
  • Power/mass: 0.13 kW/kg (0.0787 hp/lb)
    Take-off run: 300 m (980 ft) to clear 15 m (50 ft)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Taylor 1989, p.726
  2. ^ a b c d "PIK-sarjan lentokoneet"
  3. ^ "Item Collection: Aircraft"
  4. ^ Summary of the Finnish Aircraft Register 2008, Part I page 44
  5. ^ <"Lentokoneen rakennusprojekti PIK-11 'Tumppu'"
  6. ^ Bridgman, Leonard (1955). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1955-56. London: Jane's all the World's Aircraft Publishing Co. Ltd. 
  7. ^ "Lentokoneen rakennusprojekti PIK-11 "Tumppu"" (in Finnish). Retrieved 20 April 2014. 

References[edit]