PKP Intercity

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PKP Intercity
spółka akcyjna
Type JSC
Industry Rail transport
Founded 1 January 2001
Headquarters Warsaw, Poland
Key people Janusz Malinowski
Employees 7,300 (As of 2014)

PKP Intercity is a company of PKP Group responsible for long-distance passenger transport. It runs about 350 trains daily, connecting mainly large agglomerations and smaller towns in Poland. The company also provides most international trains to and from Poland.


The company was founded after splitting Polskie Koleje Państwowe (national rail operator) into several companies to meet European Union Standards.


The company runs the following train categories:

Polish Locomotive "EU44".
  • High-standard trains
    • Ekspres InterCity (EIC, EkspresIC) – domestic high-standard trains with obligatory reservation
    • EuroCity (EC) – international high-standard trains, reservation obligatory on domestic routes
    • EuroNight (EN) – international night trains with obligatory reservation
  • Mid-range trains
    • Express (Ex) – domestic trains with obligatory reservation
  • Economy trains
    • TLK (Twoje Linie Kolejowe, "Your Rail Lines"; until 2010 called Tanie Linie Kolejowe, "Cheap Rail Lines") – cheap express trains with obligatory reservation; some night TLK trains provide couchette and sleeper cars; sleeper cars and couchettes must be reserved. Most TLK trains have 1st- and 2nd-class cars, but some (especially on shorter routes) are 2nd-class only.
    • Międzynarodowy (M) – international fast train with TLK standard and fare (lower standard than EuroCity)
    • Międzynarodowy nocny – international night train (lower standard than EuroNight)

A high-speed rail system is planned.[1] 20 New Pendolino trains were ordered from Alstom; the first was delivered in June 2013.[2] From then on test runs started to obtain the circulation permission. If successful it will enable PKP Intercity to start operation by the end of 2014[3] and increase passengers numbers in 2015.[4]

Fast trains without reservation were transferred to PKP Intercity from PKP Przewozy Regionalne on 1 December 2008. They were all converted to TLK on 13 December 2009.

Most of the EkspresInterCity trains were rebranded 'Express' when that category of train was reintroduced on 1 June 2011.

Loss of passengers[edit]

From 2009 to 2013 PKP Intercity lost about 40% of passengers ridership (ridership lowered from 51 mln to 31 mln.). Of course it may be compared to general loss of passengers by railways (e.g. in 1990 passengers annual ridership was 790 mln, and in 11 months of 2013 it was in total 249,5 mln, 4 million lower than in 2012). However generally lower ticket cost railways like Koleje Mazowieckie had 5% higher number of passengers riderships (year to year). Critics and independent experts from for example Tor economic advisor group like Adrian Furgalski cite that strategy focused mainly on "next year we will have Pendolino" won't increase number of passengers. Others like Michał Beim from Instytut Sobieskiego even named "PKP Intercity to największy przegrany tego roku" (PKP Intercity is the biggest loser of that (2013) year).[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Alstom sole bidder in Polish high speed train tender". Railway Gazette International (London). 5 October 2010. 
  2. ^ "First Polish Pendolino presented to PKP Intercity". Railway Gazette International (London). 20 June 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  3. ^ "Alstom sets a new high-speed record with its Pendolino in Poland". Saint-Ouen, France: Alstom, Press Center. 9 December 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Wielka ucieczka z kolei. Nawet Pendolino nie pomoże author=Konrad Majszyk" (in Polish). 2 January 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 

External links[edit]