People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison

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People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison
中國人民解放軍駐香港部隊
China Emblem PLA.svg
Emblem of the People's Liberation Army
Founded 1 July 1997
Service branches People's Liberation Army Navy
People's Liberation Army Ground Force
People's Liberation Army Air Force
Headquarters Chinese People's Liberation Army Forces Hong Kong Building
Leadership
Chief of staff Lieutenant General Wang Xiaojun
People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison
Traditional Chinese 中國人民解放軍駐香港部隊
Simplified Chinese 中国人民解放军驻香港部队

The People's Liberation Army Hong Kong Garrison is a garrison of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) responsible for defence duties of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region since the sovereignty of Hong Kong was returned to the PRC in 1997. Prior to the handover, Hong Kong was under British rule, and the defence of Hong Kong was the responsibility of the British Forces Overseas Hong Kong.

As a non-sovereign territory, Hong Kong has never had a military force of its own. The garrison is headquartered in Chinese People's Liberation Army Forces Hong Kong Building in Central, Hong Kong. The troop strength at the garrison is about 6,000 personnel.

Role in Hong Kong[edit]

The Hong Kong Garrison of the People's Liberation Army entering Hong Kong for the first time in 1997

The Central People's Government (CPG) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) assumed sovereignty over Hong Kong on 1 July 1997 and stationed a garrison of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) in Hong Kong to manage its defence affairs. Although the garrison has no military significance, the stationing of the PLA troops in the region is a significant symbol of the PRC government's resumption of exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong. It is also an imperative guarantee for the conservation of state sovereignty and sanctuary and the upholding of the region's long-term prosperity and stability.

The Basic Law provides that the CPG shall be responsible for the defence of Hong Kong and shall bear the expenditure for the garrison, whereas the colonial Hong Kong Government before 1997 had to pay for the military. The Garrison Law, subsequently enacted by the National People's Congress, contains specific provisions on the duties and rules of discipline of the garrison personnel, jurisdiction and other questions, to facilitate the Hong Kong Garrison in fulfilling its defence functions along legal lines. Military forces stationed in Hong Kong shall not interfere in the local affairs and the Hong Kong government shall be responsible for the maintenance of public order. The Garrison formally stationed in Hong Kong assumed defence responsibility for Hong Kong starting midnight on 1 July 1997.

The Hong Kong Garrison includes elements of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force, PLA Navy, and PLA Air Force; these forces are under the direct leadership of the Central Military Commission in Beijing and under administrative control of the adjacent Guangzhou Military Region.

While performing its defence duties, the Hong Kong Garrison must abide by both national and Hong Kong laws, as well as the current rules and regulations of the PLA. After its entry into Hong Kong, the Hong Kong Garrison abide by the Basic Law and the Garrison Law, actively organising military training. According to the Garrison Law, the Garrison established working contacts with the Hong Kong Government, and opened the barracks on Stonecutters Island and Stanley to the public to promote Hong Kong people's understanding of and trust in the garrison troops.

Insignia[edit]

Personnel in the Hong Kong Garrison wore uniforms different from their mainland counterparts until a new set of uniforms were introduced in 2007. Motor vehicles in the military are right-hand drive, like civilian vehicles in Hong Kong, and carry number plates that start with ZG, standing for zhugang (駐港), Chinese for "stationed in Hong Kong."

Commander's Residence[edit]

Commander's Residence is located at 11 Barker Road. Formerly known as Headquarters House, it was home to the Commander-in-Chief of British Forces from 1978 to 1997.

Command[edit]

The Hong Kong Garrison reports to both the Guangzhou Military Region and Central Military Commission in Beijing, and informs Hong Kong Government of any actions within or around Hong Kong.

Garrison Commanders[edit]

  1. Major General Liu Zhenwu 1997–1999
  2. Lieutenant General Xiong Zeren 1999–2004
  3. Lieutenant General Wang Jitang 2004–2008
  4. Lieutenant General Zhang Shibo 2008–2012
  5. Lieutenant General Wang Xiaojun 2012–present

Political Commissars[edit]

  1. Lieutenant General Xiong Zeren
  2. Lieutenant General Wang Yufa
  3. Lieutenant General Liu Liangkai
  4. Lieutenant General Zhang Rucheng
  5. Lieutenant General Liu Liangkai, second term
  6. Lieutenant General Wang Zengbo
  7. Major General Yue Shixin

Army[edit]

Regiments/Units[edit]

Formerly the 1st Red Regiment of 1st Red Division, 1st Red Army. In 1949, the regiment comprised the 424th Regiment, 142nd Division, 48th Army. In 1952, the 142nd Division was assigned to 55th Army and the 424th Regiment renamed the 430th Regiment. In 1970, the 144th Division was renamed as the 163rd Division and 430th Regiment renamed as 487th Regiment.
  • 3 infantry battalions. (Air Assault/Heliborne)
  • 1 mechanised infantry battalion.
  • 1 artillery battery.
  • 1 engineer battalion.
  • 1 recon/Special Ops company. (named 5-min Response Unit, some of them later transferred to the Macau Garrison to form the a new Quick Reaction Platoon there)
  • 1 intelligence gathering battalion.
  • 1 Armour Convoy.
  • 1 Logistics Base, Shenzhou. (Unit 53310)
  • 1 Motor Transport Company, Shao Fei.

Bases[edit]

Bases within Hong Kong are former British facilities namely from the British Army:

Equipment[edit]

Model Type Number Dates Manufacturer Details
Type 92 6 wheeled armored personnel carrier 21 1980s Norinco, China With 12.7mm machine gun
Type 56C 5.8 mm assault rifle N/A N/A Norinco, China
Type 88 5.8 mm sniper rifle N/A N/A Norinco, China
QBZ-95 5.8 mm automatic assault rifle N/A N/A Norinco, China
QBZ-03 5.8 mm automatic assault rifle N/A N/A Norinco, China
QCW-05 submachine gun N/A N/A Norinco, China
Type 87 grenade launcher grenade launcher N/A N/A Norinco, China
Type 95 Squad Machine Gun Light machine gun N/A N/A Norinco, China
Type 92 pistol pistol N/A N/A Norinco, China
Jiefang CA-30 utility truck N/A N/A First Automobile Works, Changchun, China
EQ2050A Humvee N/A 2010 Chinese copy of HMMWV
JH600 Duke motorcycle N/A N/A Jialing Copy of BMW F650*
  • Although cosmetically similar to the BMW single cylinder F650 and G650 models, in all important aspects (motor, sub-frame, suspension, controls) the JH600 is a unique design.

Navy[edit]

The naval presence in Hong Kong is a limited sub-station with a small flotilla of ships rotating from bases in the mainland:

Squadrons[edit]

Bases[edit]

Fleet[edit]

Class or name Builder Type Quantity Year Entered Service Details
Jiangdao Class Huangpu Shipyard, Guangzhou, China Corvette 2 2013 2 × 2 C-803 Anti-ship missile, 1 x HQ-10 8-round SAM launcher, 1 x H/PJ-26 76 mm main gun, 2 x H/PJ-17 30 mm RWS and 2 x triple torpedo tubes.
Houjian Class Huangpu Shipyard, Guangzhou, China Missile boat 6 1990s 5 C-801 Anti-ship missile, 1 Twin 37 mm Anti-Aircraft Gun and 2 twin 30 mm Cannons.
Type 074 Yuhai (Wuhu-A) Class Wuhu Shipyard of Wuhu, Anhui, China Medium Landing Ship 2 1995–2000 2 25 mm Guns.

Air Force[edit]

Units[edit]

Bases[edit]

PLA Hong Kong Garrison has three air bases with only one within Hong Kong:

Aircraft Inventory[edit]

Aircraft Country of Manufacture Type In Service Notes
Harbin Z-9 China utility helicopter 12 – at Sek Kong Airfield upgraded variant of AS 565 Panther and SA 360 Dauphin 2
Changhe Z-8KH China search and rescue helicopter 4 – at Sek Kong Airfield
A Z-8KH of PLAAF

See also[edit]

External links and references[edit]