|Abbreviated title (ISO 4)||PLOS ONE|
|Edited by||Damian Pattinson|
|Publisher||Public Library of Science|
|Frequency||Articles published upon acceptance|
|License||Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Generic|
PLOS ONE (originally PLoS ONE) is an open access peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Public Library of Science since 2006. It covers primary research from any discipline within science and medicine. All submissions go through an internal and external pre-publication peer review, but are not excluded on the basis of lack of perceived importance or adherence to a scientific field. The PLOS ONE online platform has post-publication user discussion and rating features.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation awarded PLoS a $9 million grant in December 2002 and $1 million grant in May 2006 for its financial sustainability and launch of new free-access biomedical journals. Later, PLOS ONE was launched in December 2006 as a beta version named PLoS ONE. It launched with Commenting and Note making functionality, and added the ability to rate articles in July 2007. In September 2007 the ability to leave "trackbacks" on articles was added. In August 2008 it moved from a weekly publication schedule to a daily one, publishing articles as soon as they became ready. In October 2008 PLoS ONE came out of "beta". Also in September 2009, as part of its "Article-Level Metrics" program, PLoS ONE made the full online usage data for every published article (HTML page views, PDF, and XML downloads) publicly available. In mid-2012, as part of a rebranding of PLoS as PLOS, the journal changed its name to PLOS ONE .
In 2006, the journal published 138 articles; in 2007, it published just over 1,200 articles; and in 2008, it published almost 2,800 articles, making it the largest open access journal in the world. In 2009, 4,406 articles were published, making PLoS ONE the third largest scientific journal in the world (by volume) and in 2010, 6,749 articles were published, making the journal the largest in the world (by volume). In 2011, the journal published 13,798 articles, meaning that approximately 1 in 60 of all articles indexed by PubMed as being published in 2011 were published by PLoS ONE 
Publication concept 
PLOS ONE is built on several conceptually different ideas compared to traditional peer-reviewed scientific publishing in that it does not use the perceived importance of a paper as a criterion for acceptance or rejection. The idea is that, instead, PLOS ONE only verifies whether experiments and data analysis were conducted rigorously, and leaves it to the scientific community to ascertain importance, post publication, through debate and comment.
|“||Each submission will be assessed by a member of the PLOS ONE Editorial Board before publication. This pre-publication peer review will concentrate on technical rather than subjective concerns and may involve discussion with other members of the Editorial Board and/or the solicitation of formal reports from independent referees. If published, papers will be made available for community-based open peer review involving online annotation, discussion, and rating.||”|
According to Nature, the journal's aim is to "challenge academia's obsession with journal status and impact factors." Being an online-only publication allows PLOS ONE to publish more papers than a print journal. In an effort to facilitate publication of research on topics outside, or between, traditional science categories, it does not restrict itself to a specific scientific area .
Papers published in PLOS ONE can be of any length, contain full color throughout, and contain supplementary materials (such as multimedia files). Reuse of articles is subject to a Creative Commons Attribution License, version 2.5. The journal uses an editorial board of almost 2,600 academics and in the first four years following launch it made use of over 40,000 external peer reviewers. PLOS ONE publishes approximately 70 % of all submissions, after review by, on average, 2.8 experts.
Business model 
As with all journals of the Public Library of Science, PLoS ONE is financed by charging authors a publication fee. The "author-pays" model allows PLoS journals to provide all articles to everybody for free (open access) immediately after publication. As of July 2010, PLoS ONE charged authors US$1,350 to publish an article. It will waive the fee for authors who do not have sufficient funds. This model has drawn criticism, however. In 2011, Richard Poynder posited that journals such as PLoS ONE that charge authors for publication rather than charging users for access may produce a conflict of interest that reduces peer review standards (accept more articles, earn more revenue). Stevan Harnad instead argues for a "no fault" peer review model, in which authors are charged for each round of peer review, regardless of the outcome, rather than for publication.
PLoS had been operating at a loss until 2009 but covered its operational costs for the first time in 2010, largely due to the growth of PLoS ONE. The PLoS ONE model has inspired a series of journals with a broad scope that are published under Creative Commons licenses, e.g. Scientific Reports (published by Nature Publishing Group) and Open Biology (published by the Royal Society).
Community recognition and citation information 
In September 2009, PLoS ONE received the Publishing Innovation Award of the Association for Learned and Professional Society Publishers. The award is given in recognition of a "truly innovative approach to any aspect of publication as adjudged from originality and innovative qualities, together with utility, benefit to the community and long term prospects". In January 2010 it was announced that it was to be analyzed by Journal Citation Reports. Its 2011 impact factor is 4.092. Additionally, the Scopus Journal Analyzer reports a "trend line" (total citations to all articles ever published received in a year divided by total number of articles published in that year) value of 3.74 for PLoS ONE for the year 2009 (up to February 10, 2010).
A number of Nobel Laureates have published studies in PLOS ONE, including Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Jack W. Szostak, Oliver Smithies, Barry Marshall. and Shinya Yamanaka.
Abstracting and indexing 
The articles are indexed in:
- "Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation". Retrieved December 17, 2002.
- "Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation". Retrieved May, 2006.
- Zivkovic, Bora. "Trackbacks are here!".
- PLOS ONE Milestones, a timeline on Dipity
- David Knutson (July 23, 2012). "New PLOS look". PLOS BLOG. Public Library of Science. Archived from the original on 6 August 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
- Morrison, Heather (5 January 2011). "plos one now worlds largest journal". Poetic Economics Blog. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
- Taylor, Mike. "It’s Not Academic: How Publishers Are Squelching Science Communication." Discover Magazine. February 21, 2012. Retrieved on March 3, 2012.
- Konkeil, Stacey (20 December 2011). "PLOS ONE: Five Years, Many Milestones". everyONE Blog. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
- Poynder, Richard (15 June 2006). "Open Access: Stage Two". Open and Shut Blog. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- Jerram, Peter (8 May 2012). "Publisher of PLoS ONE moves to new Open-Access initiative". The official PLOS Blog. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
- MacCallum, C.J. (2006). "ONE for All: The Next Step for PLOS". PLoS Biol. 4 (11): e401. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0040401. PMC 1637059. PMID 17523266.
- PLOS ONE Journal Information
- Giles, J., J (2007). "Open-access journal will publish first, judge later". Nature 445 (7123): 9. doi:10.1038/445009a. PMID 17203032. More than one of
- "Thanking PLOS ONE Peer Reviewers". PLos ONE. Dec 2010. Retrieved 16 January 2011.
- "PLoS ONE Editorial and Peer-Review Process". PLoS ONE. 2008. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
- Welcome, Nature. Seriously by Liz Allen, January 19, 2011 (WebCite)
- Welcome message from Apple to IBM ([ WebCite])
- "PLoS ONE Guidelines for Authors". PLoS ONE. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
- "PLoS ONE Publication fees". PLoS ONE. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
- Poynder, Richard (7 March 2011). "PLoS ONE, Open Access, and the Future of Scholarly Publishing". Open and Shut Blog. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- Harnad, Stevan (June/July 2011). "No-Fault Peer Review Charges: The Price of Selectivity Need Not Be Access Denied or Delayed". D-Lib Magazine. doi:10.1045/july2010-harnad. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- Peter Jerram (July 20, 2011). "2010 PLoS Progress Update". Archived from the original on January 16, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- "Nature's open-access offering may sound death knell for subs model". The Times Higher Education. 13 Jan 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- Jonathan Eisen (7 Jan 2011). "Nature new PLoS One like journal "Scientific Reports"". The Tree of Life. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- Martin Fenner (6 Jan 2011). "New journal "Nature ONE" launched today". Gobbledygook. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- Press release by the Royal Society on the launch of the journal, October 17, 2011 (WebCite)
- "ALPSP Awards 2010–finalists announced". ALPSP. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
- Patterson, Mark (5 January 2010). "PLoS ONE indexed by Web of Science". PLOS Blogs. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
- 2011 Journal Citation Reports Science Edition. Philadelphia, Thompson Reuters, 2012.
- "Preview". Scopus. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
- Scott-Algara, Daniel; Arnold, Vincent; Didier, CéLine; Kattan, Tarek; Pirozzi, Gianluca; Barré-Sinoussi, FrançOise; Pancino, Gianfranco (2008). "The CD85j+ NK Cell Subset Potently Controls HIV-1 Replication in Autologous Dendritic Cells". In Nixon, Douglas F. PLoS ONE 3 (4): e1975. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001975. PMC 2276866. PMID 18398485.
- Puterman, Eli; Lin, Jue; Blackburn, Elizabeth; O'Donovan, Aoife; Adler, Nancy; Epel, Elissa (2010). "The Power of Exercise: Buffering the Effect of Chronic Stress on Telomere Length". In Vina, Jose. PLoS ONE 5 (5): e10837. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010837. PMC 2877102. PMID 20520771.
- Zhu, Ting F.; Szostak, Jack W. (2009). "Preparation of Large Monodisperse Vesicles". In Liu, Jun. PLoS ONE 4 (4): e5009. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005009. PMC 2661144. PMID 19347043.
- Huby, Anne-CéCile; Rastaldi, Maria-Pia; Caron, Kathleen; Smithies, Oliver; Dussaule, Jean-Claude; Chatziantoniou, Christos (2009). "Restoration of Podocyte Structure and Improvement of Chronic Renal Disease in Transgenic Mice Overexpressing Renin". In Zoccali, Carmine. PLoS ONE 4 (8): e6721. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006721. PMC 2725297. PMID 19696925.
- Schoep, Tobias D.; Fulurija, Alma; Good, Fayth; Lu, Wei; Himbeck, Robyn P.; Schwan, Carola; Choi, Sung Sook; Berg, Douglas E. et al. (2010). "Surface Properties of Helicobacter pylori Urease Complex Are Essential for Persistence". In Ahmed, Niyaz. PLoS ONE 5 (11): e15042. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0015042. PMC 2993952. PMID 21124783.
- "PLoS ONE search results". PLoS One. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- PLoS ONE Journal Information
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: PLOS ONE|
- Official website
- Lecture by Chris Surridge, Managing Director of PLoS ONE hosted on openwetware wiki, Oct 2006
- News column on PLoS ONE by Derek on Corante.com, Jan 2006
- Technical background on how PLoS ONE platform will be run